Current Affairs : 25 Jun 2016 to 02 Jun 2016 - Summary
Russian ice Hockey player Artemi Panarin wins 2015-16 Calder Memorial Trophy
Artemi Panarin (24), the Russian professional ice hockey winger has won the Calder Memorial Trophy for season 2015-16.
He was presented with this prestigious award at the US National Hockey League (NHL) awards ceremony.
Calder Memorial Trophy :
It is an annual award given to the player selected as the most proficient in his first year of competition in the National Hockey League (NHL).
The Calder Memorial Trophy is named in honour of Frank Calder, the former President of the National Hockey League (NHL) from its inception in 1917 to his death in 1943.
The winner is selected in a poll of the Professional Hockey Writers’ Association at the end of the regular season after which the trophy is awarded at the NHL Awards ceremony after the playoffs.>Login To Save for Revision
- Scientists make world's first 1,000-processor microchip named Kilo-core
A team of scientists from the US has created the world's first microchip that has 1,000 independent programmable processors, capable of working through 1.78 trillion instructions every second.
Since each 1,000 processors can run independently, it makes the chip supremely suited to intensive tasks like encryption and weather forecasting. It is about 100 times more efficient at executing instructions than the laptops of today.
The microchip is the world’s first 1,000-processor chip and it is the highest clock-rate processor ever designed in a university.
Facts to know about Kilo-core :
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- The microchip has been designed by a team at the University of California, Davis, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.
- It has a maximum computation rate of 1.78 trillion instructions per second and contains 621 million transistors.
- Fabricated by IBM using their 32nm CMOS technology, KiloCore chip's each processor core can run its own small programme independently of the others.
- It is the most energy-efficient chip which can execute around 115 billion instructions per second by dissipating only 0.7 Watts of energy.
- China sets up first dark sky reserve in Tibet to limit light pollution
China has launched its first “dark sky reserve” for astronomical observation in the Tibetan prefecture of Ngari, bordering Nepal and India.
It was jointly launched by the China Biodiversity Conservation and Green Development Foundation and the regional government of Tibet.
Facts Ngari Dark-sky reserve:
The reserve covers an area of 2,500 sq.km and aims to limit light pollution by stepping up protection of dark-sky resources for education and tourism development.
The reserve will also try to seek accreditation from the International Dark-Sky Association, a nonprofit organisation based in the United States that is devoted to preserving and protecting the night time environment and dark skies globally.
Ngari in Tibet is among the best sites for astronomical observation on earth, due to its high altitude and large number of cloudless days throughout the year. However, the recent inflow of people from other areas has given rise to increasing urbanization, and thus the associated risk of more light pollution.
What is Light pollution?
Light pollution, also known as photopollution or luminous pollution, is excessive, misdirected, or obtrusive artificial light. Too much light pollution has consequences: it washes out starlight in the night sky, interferes with astronomical research, disrupts ecosystems, has adverse health effects and wastes energy.>Login To Save for Revision
- Neil O'Brien, India's first quizmaster, dies
Neil O'Brien, the pioneer of quizzing in India, passed away at his home in Kolkata, West Bengal. He was 82.
He was the former member of Lok Sabha and also a three-time nominated Anglo-Indian MLA in West Bengal and an educationist.His son Derek O’Brien is the MP and vice president of TMC.
Facts about Neil O’Brien :
He was one of the first quiz masters in India and had conducted the first well-organised, formal quiz in 1967 at Christ the King Church Parish Hall in the city. He was the president-in-chief of All-India Anglo-Indian Association (AIAIA).
He was the chairman of the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) and managing director of Oxford University Press, India.
As a leader of the Anglo-Indian community, he was the president-in-chief of All-India Anglo-Indian Association and headed the Frank Anthony group of schools.>Login To Save for Revision
- Union Government launches India’s first pilot programme to run two wheelers on CNG in New Delhi
Central government has launched a first of its kind pilot programme in the country to run two wheelers on Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) in New Delhi.
The project was jointly launched by Union Petroleum and Natural Gas Minister Dharmendra Pradhan and Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar at the CGO Complex CNG station.
Facts about the project :
- It is being implemented by Indraprastha Gas Limited (IGL) under its “Hawa Badlo” movement along with GAIL (Gas Authority of India Limited).
- Under the project 50 Honda's Activa scooters have been retrofitted with CNG kit, manufactured by ITuk Manufacturing India in the pilot phase.
- CNG-run two-wheelers will not only emit 75 per cent lesser hydrocarbons as compared to petrol-driven models, but would be more economical to run as CNG is cheaper compared to petrol.
Indraprastha Gas Limited (IGL)
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- Indraprastha Gas Limited started as a joint venture between GAIL and Bharat Petroleum in 1998 to take over and operate the Delhi City Gas Distribution Project from GAIL for laying a network of gas distribution pipelines in the NCR.
- Currently it is the sole supplier of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Piped Natural Gas (PNG) in the National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi, Noida, Greater Noida and Ghaziabad.
- India, Switzerland enhance cooperation in skill development
India and Switzerland have signed an agreement to establish formal cooperation in the fields of skills development and vocational and professional education and training.
The agreement was signed between Switzerland’s State Secretary Mauro Dell’ Ambrogio and Union Minister for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Rajiv Pratap Rudy in Winterthur.
The agreement is consistent with the strategy of the Switzerland’s State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI) on international cooperation in vocational and professional education and training.>Login To Save for Revision
- Sri Lanka's parliament approves Right to Information bill
Sri Lankan Parliament has unanimously passed the Right to Information bill aimed at restoring transparency and good governance in a country plagued by corruption and misrule.
The RTI bill will allow the public to get information on public officials thus make changes in a moderate way to uphold good governance and the state functions.
Key Features of the bill
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- The bill was originally introduced in 1996, but was delayed by successive governments citing national security issues as Sri Lanka was at war with Tamil rebels until 2009.
- The new law gives gives citizens access to public information except personal data, national security information, financial and commercial policy decisions, intellectual property and medical reports.
- A five-member Right to Information Commission will monitor and ensure compliance and will have powers to hold inquiries and hear appeals.
- ADB approves USD 500-million loan for river bridge in Bihar
Asian Development Bank (ADB) has approved USD 500 million (approximately Rs 3350 crore) loan for constructing 9.8 km road bridge across river Ganga in Bihar.
On completion of the project it will be the India’s longest river bridge. Once built, the bridge will be country’s longest river bridge.
The bridge would provide vital transport links between the northern and southern parts of the state and with neighbouring country Nepal.
About the Project:
- The project will run for about 4 years and is expected to complete by the end of December 2020.The bridge is expected to benefit over nine million or ninety lakh people looking for job opportunities on both the sides of bridge.
- Traffic volumes are rising but there are only four operational bridges along the 200 km stretch of the river Ganga that pass through Bihar. The capacity of existing bridges is already stretched, undermining connectivity and access to opportunities for northern communities.
- The new bridge would serve as an alternate route to the existing Ganga Bridge, which has begun to deteriorate. The project is also expected to be linked to national highway network.
- The height and length have been designed to minimize impacts on the river itself and to ensure the bridge is able to withstand climate-related stresses such as a rise in the water level.
Asian Development Bank (ADB) : It is a regional development bank established on 19 December 1966 which is headquartered in Manila, Philippines. It aims to promote social and economic development in Asia. From 31 members at its establishment, ADB now has 67 members, of which 48 are from within Asia and the Pacific and 19 outside.
Boxers Vikas Krishan and Manoj Kumar qualify for 2016 Rio Olympics
Indian boxers Manoj Kumar and Vikas Krishan have qualified for the Rio Olympics 2015 which is scheduled to be held in August 2016 in Rio de Janerio, Brazil.
Manoj won quarterfinal bout against Tajikistan’s Rakhimov Shakvakatdzhon to win 3-0 in the AIBA World Olympic qualification event in Baku, Azerbaijan.
Krishan qualified for the Olympics after defeating South Korea’s Lee Dongyun 3-0 in the 75kg category in the quarter finals.
With this total three Indian boxers have assured of Olympic berths. Shiva Thapa had been the first boxer to qualify for Rio Olympics.>Login To Save for Revision
- 23rd June: United Nations Public Service Day
The United Nations Public Service Day is celebrated on June 23 of every year to celebrate the value and virtue of public servants and administrators in building a better world for all.
United Nations Public Service Awards will be bestowed on Public Service Day for contributions made to the cause of enhancing the role, prestige, and visibility of public service.
The United Nations Public Service Day was instituted by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) by passing resolution 57/277 on December 20, 2002.
Since then it is observed to encourage member states to organize special events on that day to highlight the contribution of public service in the development process.>Login To Save for Revision
- David Cameron to quit after UK votes to leave EU
British Prime Minister David Cameron has announced that he will step down by October after the UK voted to leave the European Union in the referendum conducted recently. He would remain in charge until a new leader is appointed in early October.
The voters of UK have voted to leave the European Union, with the "Leave" side securing around 52 per cent of the vote while "Remain" side has secured 48 per cent.
Cameron campaigned for UK to remain with European Union as according to him Britain was stronger, safer and better off inside the European Union.>Login To Save for Revision
- China opposes India's NSG bid, says signing NPT a must
The plenary meeting of the 48-member Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) headed towards a conclusion with no decision on India's membership bid as leading the opposition to India's NSG membership bid says that India's membership application cannot be considered because it has not signed the Nuclear Non- Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
China was backed by nearly 10 other countries Brazil,Turkey, Austria, Ireland and New Zealand. Atleast 32 countries including USA and Japan had made positive interventions on India’s behalf, but the NSG’s actions are governed by consensus and not by majority.
The anti-India stand taken by China shows that Chinese President Xi Jinping has not responded to Prime Minister Narendra Modi's urgings in Tashkent yesterday that Beijing should support India's case.>Login To Save for Revision
- Cabinet approves amendment to India-Belgium DTAA
The Union Cabinet has given its nod for signing of a protocol amending the existing double taxation avoidance (DTAA) pact with Belgium.
The amendment will broaden the scope of existing framework of exchange of tax related information between two countries, which will help curb tax evasion and tax avoidance.
The Protocol will also revise the existing treaty provisions on mutual assistance in collection of taxes.>Login To Save for Revision
- Union Cabinet approves MoU between India and Germany
The union cabinet has given it's approval to a Memorandum of Understanding with Steinbeis GmbH, Germany, for technology transfer and resourcing in manufacturing, including sub-sectors of Capital Goods.
Steinbeis GmbH is leading organization for applied industrial research in Europe. It will act as a Technology Resource Partner for implementing identified projects in manufacturing. The MoU envisages following field of cooperation :
- Technology road mapping for specified Capital Goods sub-sectors.
- Profiling of specific technologies.
- Upgrading existing technology institutes and setting up Greenfield institutes in India.
- Assessment of technology status of Capital Goods Cluster.
- Cooperation in events on technology and upgrading existing technology institutes.
The MoU is a framework instrument to facilitate industrial technology projects by Indian Capital Goods Sector. The MoU will provide a platform to various public sector undertakings and Capital Goods Sector units to have easy access to capabilities and expertise of Steinbeis GmbH for identifying and plugging technology gaps.>Login To Save for Revision
- NASA mission discovers infant exoplanet K2-33b around young star
NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope and its extended K2 mission, astronomers have discovered a newborn fully-formed exoplanet ( planets that orbit stars beyond our Sun).
Astronomers have discovered and confirmed roughly 3,000 exoplanets so far. However, nearly all of them are hosted by middle-aged stars, with ages of a billion years or more.
K2-33b is only five to 10 million years old which makes it one of a very few newborn planets found so far.
The newfound planet named K2-33b is a bit larger than Neptune and whips tightly around its star every five days.
The newborn planet K2-33b will help astronomers to better understand how planets form. It will also help in better understanding the processes that led to the formation of Earth.>Login To Save for Revision
- Asian millionaires now the wealthiest in the world
According to a new World Wealth Report from Capgemini, Asian millionaires now control more wealth than their peers in North America, Europe and other regions.
The millionaires in Asia controlled a combined $ 17.4 trillion in 2015, while millionaires in North America held $16.6 trillion.
The United States still has more millionaires than any other individual country while United Kingdom coming in second. Japan is third on that list and China is sixth.
The U.S. has 46 percent of the world's millionaires, at 15.7 million millionaires. The U.K. has 2.4 million, Japan has 2.1 million, and China has 1.3 million.
According to Capgemini, the growth in Asian wealth is driven mainly by financial services, high technology and the health care industry and it's coming more from those owning start-ups than from those running long-standing businesses.>Login To Save for Revision
- G.D. Birla Award for IIT-Kanpur professor
The twenty-fifth G. D. Birla Award for Scientific Research has been awarded to Prof. Sanjay Mittal from the Department of Aerospace Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur.
Prof. Mittal has made significant contributions in the area of Bluff Body Flows (flows past blunt bodies associated with large unsteady separation and leading to large fluid forces).
He is among a very few people in India who have worked on and used Finite Element Analysis for fluid flows. He was instrumental in establishing the HPC facility, primarily funded by DST, at IIT-Kanpur.
G D Birla Award :
G D Birla Award for Scientific Research, instituted in 1991, seeks to recognise Indian scientists aged below 50 living and working in India for their outstanding contribution to any branch of science and technology. It carries a cash prize of Rs 2.5 lakh. The selection of the award is made by a board comprising eminent scientists.>Login To Save for Revision
- Ken Miyauchi appointed as President and COO of SoftBank Group
Japanese conglomerate SoftBank Group has appointed Ken Miyauchi as the president and chief operating officer (COO) to replace Nilesh Arora who left SoftBank recently.
Mr. Arora, the former Google executive handpicked by the SoftBank founder Masayoshi Son as his successor, has abruptly quit as president after it became clear that Masayoshi Son wanted to remain at the helm longer than first planned.
Prior to this appointment, Ken Miyauchi was head of the SoftBank group’s Japanese telecommunications operations. He has been working with the SoftBank Group since October 1984.
About SoftBank :
SoftBank Group Corp is a Japanese multinational telecommunications and Internet corporation, with operations in broadband, fixed-line telecommunications, e-commerce, Internet, technology services, finance, media and marketing, and other businesses. As of 2015, the group is the 62nd largest company in the world based on a composite of sales, assets, profit and market value.
North Korea test-fires Musudan ballistic missiles
North Korea has conducted back-to-back tests of a mid-range ballistic missile named "Musudan missile" from its eastern coast.
The test marked Pyongyang's fifth and sixth attempt since April to successfully launch its Musudan missile.
The first of the two was considered a failure, but the second flew 400 kilometres into the Sea of Japan.
That was the longest distance a Musudan has achieved to date and equivalent to more than halfway to the south-west coast of Japan’s main island.
The missile was fired at a high angle to simulate its full range and had reached a maximum height of more than 1,400 kilometres.
The Musudan has an estimated range of anywhere between 2,500 and 4,000 kilometres.
Comment : The United Nations security held it's meeting to discuss North Korea’s latest ballistic missile launch which was violation of UN ban. Tokyo also expressed concern about the growing military threat.>Login To Save for Revision
- Syria's Assad appoints new prime minister
Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has appointed former Electricity Minister Emad Khamis as the new prime minister of the war-ravaged country. Assad tasked Khamis to form a new cabinet.
The announcement comes two months after Assad's Baath party and its allies won the majority of seats in the country's parliament in an election that was considered internationally as a fraud.
The 54-year-old engineer will replace Wael al-Halqi who had held the post since August 2012. He has been sanctioned by the European Union which accuses him of sharing culpability for violence committed against Syria's population.>Login To Save for Revision
- Tech Mahindra acquires BIO
Tech Mahindra, the country’s fifth largest software exporter, has acquired the U.K.-based BIO Agency (BIO), which specialises in digital transformation across sectors such as retail, financial and travel, in an all-cash deal for an enterprise value of up to 45 million pounds.
The acquisition will augment Tech Mahindra’s digital portfolio, enabling it to offer digital strategy, service design and customer experience services.
The acquisition will allow it to engage with its clients at the start of the journey and help design customer experience for their businesses.
The BIO Agency offers digital strategy, service design, digital retail, connected products, product innovation and e-commerce solutions, according to its website. It services brands across financial services, retail, property, travel, and technology sectors.>Login To Save for Revision
- Madras, Bombay HCs to reflect city names
20 years after the city of ‘Madras’ became ‘Chennai’ and ‘Bombay’ became ‘Mumbai’, the High Courts in both the cities will finally adopt the names by an act of Parliament during the upcoming monsoon session.
The Law Ministry has prepared a Cabinet note on a Bill changing the names of the High Courts. If the name of city and High Courts are different it becomes a cause of technical issues regarding statute books.>Login To Save for Revision
- Cabinet approves Rs 5.5 lakh crore mega spectrum auction plan
Clearing the path for the largest-ever spectrum auction in the country, the Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the sale of all available spectrum.
The move will fetch the exchequer at least Rs 5.5 lakh crore if all the mobile airwaves are sold at the reserve price. The government had earned revenues of Rs 1.1 lakh crore from the auctions held last year by selling 418MHz spectrum,
The auction in which about 2000 MHz of airwaves will be put up for sale is likely to be conducted in September.
However there could be a minor delay in the auctions as the Cabinet has decided to seek Trai's opinion on the contentious issue of spectrum usage charge (SUC).
Pricing of the spectrum : The reserve price of the most premium 700Mhz band has been fixed at Rs 11,485 crore per Mhz. A 5MHz pan-India block in this band will cost a minimum of Rs 57,425 crore. The cost of delivering mobile services in the 700 MHz band is also approximately 70 per cent cheaper than in the 2100 MHz band (used for 3G services).>Login To Save for Revision
- SoftBank President Nikesh Arora Leaves Company
Nikesh Arora, the 48-year-old president and chief operating officer of Japan's SoftBank, has step down from the telecom giant effective June 22.
Mr Arora, who took over as president and COO of SoftBank in May 2015, was seen as a potential successor to billionaire CEO Masayoshi Son.
Masayoshi Son the chief executive officer of SoftBank was to give up his post to Nikesh Arora on his 60th birthday only 15 months away in August of next year but Masayoshi told that he wants to remain at the helm of the company for another five or 10 years, rather than handing over the reins.
It should be noted that as SoftBank COO and president, Mr Arora has funded many start-ups such as Snapdeal, Ola, OYO Rooms and Housing.com in the country. His USD 208 million compensation from SoftBank over the past two years made him one of the highest-paid executives in the world>Login To Save for Revision
- India beat Zimbabwe by 3 runs, seal T-20 series 2-1
India clinch three-match T20 International series against Zimbabwe by a 2-1 margin as it won the third and final match by a narrow margin of three runs.
Zimbabwe, after winning the toss choose to ball and restricted India to 138/6 with wickets at regular intervals finally they got close to the target before ending at 135 losing six wickets.
Kedar Jadhav, who scored 58 off 42 balls, was declared Man of the Match while Indian bowler Barinder Sran won the Player of the series honour.
India - 138 for 6 in 20 overs.
Zimbabwe - 135 for 6 in 20 overs>Login To Save for Revision
- FSSAI bans use of potassium bromate as food additive
FSSAI (Food Safety Standards Authority of India) has banned the use of potassium bromate as a food additive following a Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) study that found its presence in bread caused cancer.
Last month a CSE study had found that 84 per cent of 38 commonly available brands of pre-packaged breads, including pav and buns, tested positive for potassium bromate and potassium iodate which are said to be carcinogenic.
The two food additives are banned in many countries and are listed as “hazardous” to public health.
They were being used as potassium bromate increases dough strength, leads to higher rising and gives uniform finish to baked products while Potassium iodate is a flour treatment agent.>Login To Save for Revision
- Cabinet approves Rs.10,000 cr start-up fund, Rs.6,000 cr for textiles to create 1cr jobs
The Union Cabinet has approved the setting up of a Rs.10,000 crore fund to support start-ups in becoming full fledged business entities.
The Government has also approved Rs. 6,000-crore special package for textile and apparel sector, which has been ailing for a long time.
The fund is expected to generate employment for one crore persons in three years and attract investments of USD 11 billion. It will increase exports by USD 30.4 billion.
Kannada film Thithi wins top award in Shanghai film festival
Kannada film "Thithi" has bagged Asia New Talent Awards for best film and best script writer during the on-going 19th Shanghai International Film Festival in China.
Thithi co-written and directed by Raam Reddy is a light-hearted story about three generations of men reacting to the death of the family's 101-year-old patriarch, named Century Gowda who is a locally renowned, highly cantankerous.
The film has won numerous other awards at national and international film festivals.
Asia New Talent Awards :
The Asia New Talent Awards, dedicated to rewarding new- comers to the Asian film industry, began in 2004 as an important competition section in addition to the Golden Goblet Awards.>Login To Save for Revision
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi To Attend SCO Summit In Tashkent
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will arrive in Tashkent tomorrow to attend the annual summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), a China-dominated six-nation grouping, which is likely to focus on strengthening stability and security in Central Asia.
This year India, along with Pakistan, is set to be inducted as full members into the bloc which mainly deals with issues relating to security and defence.
Advantages for India : Membership of the grouping will help India have a greater say in issues relating to security and defence. With majority of the SCO countries having huge reserves of oil and gas, India is expected to get greater access to major hydrocarbon projects in Central Asia after its entry into the bloc.
Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)
SCO was founded at a summit in Shanghai in 2001 by the Presidents of Russia, China, Kyrgyz Republic, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. India, Iran and Pakistan were admitted as observers at the 2005 Astana Summit. On July 10, 2015, the SCO decided to admit India and Pakistan as full members, and they are expected to join by 2016.>Login To Save for Revision
- Virginia Raggi became first female mayor of Rome
Leading member of the populist anti-corruption Five Star Movement (M5S) of Italy,Virginia Raggi has been elected as Rome's first female mayor.
In the mayoral election, Raggi won 67% of the vote in a runoff ballot against the Democratic Party’s (PD) Roberto Giachetti.
M5S has emerged as the main opposition to Renzi's coalition and success in Rome will provide a platform for victory in general elections due in 2018.
Raggi studied law at the Roma Tre University and holds specialisation in judicial and extrajudicial civil law. In the 2013 municipal election of Rome, Raggi was one of four members of the M5S elected as councillor to city council.>Login To Save for Revision
- Jews in Maharashtra get minority status
The State Cabinet of Maharashtra has approved the decision to grant minority status to the Jews, a demand pending for many years.
The decision is based on the Maharashtra State Minorities Commission Act, 2004, which empowers the government to declare a community minority.
In October 2006, the State government declared Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Parsis and Jains as religious minorities.
According to the application made by the Indian Jewish Federation to the government, the Jewish population in the State stood at 2,000-2,500.
The status will now make the community eligible to avail various development schemes that the state launches for the minority community.
The community will now get benefits of merit-cum-means scholarship, post-matric scholarship, pre-matric scholarship, coaching and allied schemes and multi-sectoral development programme that the government runs for minorities.>Login To Save for Revision
- India ranks 10th in FDI inflows: UNCTAD report
As per the World Investment Report 2016 by the United Nations Conference for Trade and Development (UNCTAD). India ranks 10th in FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) inflows.
India’s FDI inflows have increased to 44 billion dollars in 2015 as compared to 35 billion dollars in 2014.
Top 10 Countries are: United States, Hong Kong, China, Ireland, Netherlands, Switzerland, Singapore, Brazil, Canada and India
Globally, FDI activity has increased by 38%, which signals revival in investment sentiments.
United States with 380 billion dollars FDI inflows has topped the list while China with FDI inflows at 136 billion dollars (more than three times India’s FDI) in 2015 was ranked third.>Login To Save for Revision
- Anju Bobby George quits as president of Kerala Sports Council
India’s lone athletics World Championship medal winner Anju Bobby George today resigned as President of the Kerala Sports Council after she accused Sports Minister EP Jayarajan for allegedly harassing her and other members of Kerala Sports Council.
Some of the other sports council members, including volleyball player Tom Joseph, are also likely to quit from their posts.
She was appointed to the top post by the Oommen Chandy government in the year 2015. Anju became the first Indian athlete ever to win a medal in a World Athletics Championships in Paris in 2003.
Anju the winner of Arjuna awards has represented the country in the Olympics, Commonwealth Games, Asian Games and World Championships from 2002 onwards.>Login To Save for Revision
- ISRO set to test scramjet engine
Engineers at Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) are gearing up to test the indigenously developed scramjet engine developed to power the Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV).
The test will be conducted on test platform named Advanced Technology Vehicle (ATV) from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota.
The scramjet engine which uses air breathing propulsion technology for hypersonic flight will be released at a height of 70 km and ignited at hypersonic speed during the coasting.
Maintaining combustion in supersonic conditions poses technical challenges because the fuel has to be ignited within milliseconds.
Space research organisations across the world are involved in the development of scramjet technology because it contributes to smaller launch vehicles with more payload capacity and promises cheaper access to outer space.
Conventional rocket engines need to carry both fuel and oxidiser on board for combustion to produce thrust, scramjets obtain oxygen from the atmosphere by compressing the incoming air before combustion at supersonic speed.>Login To Save for Revision
- Leading Telugu poet Guda Anjaiah passes away
Leading Telugu poet and Telangana song writer Guda Anjaiah passed away following a brief illness at Ragannagudem, Telangana. He was 61.
During the Telangana struggle, he Penned songs that filled enthusiasm amongst activists.Several songs later found their way into films.
Guda Anjaiah was born in Adilabad district in 1955. Guda Anjanna played a significant role in the Telangana agitation. Starting from 1969 Agitation, he was part of the movement.
He was the author of novel titled Polimera which highlighted the dark days of 1975 National Emergency.
He was the winner of various awards as Sahithya Bandu Ratna award (1986), Rajini Telugu Sahithi Samithi Award (1988), Telangana Sahithya Puraskaram (2015).>Login To Save for Revision
- Aadhaar to be linked with caste, domicile certificates
The central government has instructed all state governments to link Aadhaar with caste and domicile certificates to be issued to school students.
The move is being seen as an effort to help the government disburse scholarships and other caste and domicile-based benefits faster.
The States have been told to ensure that such certificates are issued within 60 days to the students when they are studying in Class V or VIII.
The main objective of issuance of caste or tribe certificate is to facilitate access of bona-fide candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to the reserved posts and services under the State or Central governments and secure admission in educational institutions and get other facilities.
International Day of Yoga 2016 observed across the globe
June 21 was declared as International Day of Yoga by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on December 11, 2014, almost unanimously.
Since then it is celebrated annually. The idea of an International Day of Yoga was although first proposed by Narendra Modi during his speech at the UNGA.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his UN Address suggested the date of June 21, as it is the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere and shares special significance in many parts of the world.
2016 International Day of Yoga : Prime Minister Narendra Modi led the second International Yoga Day celebrations at the event held at the Capitol Complex, Chandigarh. Over 30,000 people performed yoga asanas during the event.
India's Permanent Mission to the UN organized the celebrations at the United Nations on June 20 and 21. A special event titled "Conversation with Yoga Masters – Yoga for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)" is the centerpiece. Sadhguru the founder of Isha Foundation will be the main speaker at the event.>Login To Save for Revision
- India won Silver medal at Archery World Cup in Antalya
The Indian mixed recurve team of Deepika Kumari and Atanu Das has won the silver medal at the Archery World Cup held in Antalya, Turkey. In the final clash at Konyaalti Beach Park, the Indian team lost to South Korea 1-5.
In the first of the match, Indian team trailed by 0-2 score against the top-seeded Korean pair of Choi Misun and Ku Bonchan.
The Sixth seeded Indian recurve duo reached final of this world cup after defeating second-seeded Italian pair of Mauro Nespoli and Guendalina Sartori by 5-1 score in the semi-finals.
Earlier, the women's recurve team of Deepika Kumari, Bombayla Devi Laishram and Laxmirani Majhi also went down in the bronze medal clash to Italy 1-5.>Login To Save for Revision
- HAL unveils indigenous basic trainer aircraft HTT-40
Public-sector aerospace and defence major Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) has inaugurated indigenous Basic Trainer Aircraft (BTA) HTT-40 in Bengaluru.
The aircraft made its maiden flight recently the HAL Airport in Bengaluru in presence of Union Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar.
The indigenous content on HTT-40 is close to 80 per cent. Almost 50 per cent of the components on HTT-40 are manufactured by private players of the Indian aerospace ecosystem.
HTT-40 has been designed to meet the current requirement of the IAF with the provision for role expansion to attach weapons to the trainer aircraft.
Digital Mock Up (DMU), real time systems clash analysis, laser tracking of assembly jigs, six degree of freedom, mathematical model and complete glass cockpit are among the many first initiatives of the project.>Login To Save for Revision
- PM Narendra Modi, Sri Lankan President inaugurate Duraiappah stadium in Jaffna
Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena Inaugurated the renovated Duraiappah Stadium in Jaffna.
While the Sri Lankan president was present at the stadium in Jaffna, Modi joined the event through video-conferencing from New Delhi.
About Duraiappah Stadium in Jaffna :
The newly renovated Duraiappah Stadium has been named after Jaffna's Mayor of the 1970s Alfred Thambirajah Duraiappah.
The the stadium, which was abandoned during the civil war and in disuse since 1997, was renovated by the Indian government at a cost of Sri Lanka Rupee (LKR) 146 million in 18 months.
The stadium project had strengthened the bilateral ties, which were very significant at the international and regional levels too.
Other Projects :
India has constructed 45,100 houses for the civil-war affected families under the flagship housing project. India has also constructed a 200-bedded hospital complex in Vavuniya, costing LKR 187 milllion.
India has commenced the work for the Faculties of Engineering and Agriculture, each at a cost of LKR 300 million. Northern Railway Project, built at the cost of USD 800 million, has helped Sri Lanka to resume train services between Colombo and Jaffna after 25 years.>Login To Save for Revision
- Australia wins 2016 Champions Trophy title of Hockey
Australia has won the 2016 Champions Trophy title of Hockey by defeating India by 3-1 score. With this victory, Australia created history by winning the title for record 14 times. With this defeat India settled for the silver medal.
India lost 1-3 in the shootout to world champions Australia after the title encounter remained goalless in regulation period.
For Australia, in penalty shootout goals were scored by Aran Zalewski, Daniel Beale and Simon Orchard while for India, the single goal was scored by Harmanpreet Singh.
Champions Trophy Hockey Title :
The Hockey Champions Trophy is an international field hockey tournament held by the International Hockey Federation.
It was founded in 1978 by Pakistan's Air Marshal Nur Khan and the Pakistan Hockey Federation, it features the world's top-ranked field hockey teams competing in a round robin format.
Earlier, the tournament was organized annually, but since 2014 it has become a biennial event, due to the introduction of the Hockey World League. In the men’s tournament, the Australians have won the trophy 14 times followed Germany 10 times and the Netherlands 8 times, Pakistan 3 times.>Login To Save for Revision
- Power Ministry launches 'URJA' app to better consumer connect
The Union Ministry of Power has launched ‘URJA’- Urban Jyoti Abhiyaan Mobile app on the side-lines of ongoing two day Conference of Power Ministers at Cansaulim in South Goa.
The mobile app has been developed by Power Finance Corporation (PFC) on behalf of Union Ministry of Power. The app aims to enhance consumer connect with the Urban Power Distribution sector by providing information of IT enabled towns on important parameters which concern the consumers like outage information, timely release of connections, addressing complaints, power reliability etc.
The Union Minister also launched the Pradhan Mantri UJALA (Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LED for all) Yojana in Goa with a target of replacing approximately 15 lakh LED bulbs, impacting nearly 5 lakh households.
Under the scheme, consumers are entitled to 3 LED bulbs of 9W each at a subsidized rate of Rs.25/, as against a market price of Rs.300-350. The app will also will provide information on average percentage of consumers making e-Payments, power cuts as well as power loss or theft.>Login To Save for Revision
- SBI rolls out Rs 200-cr start-up fund
India’s largest lender State Bank of India (SBI) has set up a Rs 200-crore fund to support start-ups in the financial technology (fintech) space.
It will provide assistance of up to 3 crore rupees to a company registered in India for promoting their business innovations using information technology for banking and related activities
The bank has also formed a mentoring team to assist start-ups. It will support, monitor and make a report on the progress and utilisation of the funds.
The team will facilitate and guide businesses, extending help in various areas, including additional funding, legal and financial assistance.
It should be noted that SBI already has launched InCube, a single window banking relationship support for startups to provide financial advisory through their dedicated branch in Bengaluru.>Login To Save for Revision
- Yog Geet released for International Yoga Day
Union Ministry of AYUSH has released a Yog Geet (Yoga song) sung by Gandhar T D Jadhav and Gatha Jadhav to mark the second International Yoga Day on 21 June 2016.
The Yoga song was selected from the 1,000 entries were received through a national-level competition organised by the AYUSH Ministry.
This song is of three minutes and 15 seconds duration in Hindi and has been written and produced by Deeraj Saraswat.
The music has been composed by Sumanto Ray. The song was chosen based on the better lyrics.>Login To Save for Revision
- New Chinese system named world’s top supercomputer
A new Chinese computer system that can make 93 quadrillions calculations per second has claimed the top spot on the list of the world’s most powerful supercomputers.
The computer called Sunway TaihuLight developed by the National Research Centre of Parallel Computer Engineering and Technology (NRCPC) is built entirely using processors designed and made in China.
The supercomputer installed at the National Supercomputing Centre in China displaced Tianhe-2, an Intel-based Chinese supercomputer that has claimed the top 1 spot on the past six TOP500 lists. The closely watched list is issued twice a year.
Sunway TaihuLight is twice as fast and three times as efficient as Tianhe-2, which posted a performance of 33.86 quadrillions of calculations per second.
Titan, a Cray X40 system installed at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Oak Ridge National Laboratory, is now at the third position, with 17.59 quadrillions of calculations per second.
Sequoia, an IBM BlueGene/Q system installed at DOE’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Fujitsu’s K computer installed at the RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science (AICS) in Japan are at the fourth and fifth positions respectively.>Login To Save for Revision
- Nico Rosberg wins European Grand Prix in Baku
Nico Erik Rosberg the German Formula One driver for Mercedes Formula One team has won the 2016 European Grand Prix of Formula One.
It was Rosberg’s overall ninetieth championship title of F1 in his career and the fifth win in the 2016 season.
Earlier he had won Australian Grand Prix, Bahrain Grand Prix, Chinese Grand Prix and Russian Grand Prix in the 2016 season.
European Grand Prix title, 2016 was the eighth race of the 2016 season of Formula One in which total 11 teams had participated. The race was run on a street circuit in Baku, Azerbaijan. Rankings after 2016 European Grand Prix :
1st Position: Nico Rosberg (Germany) of Mercedes.
2nd Position: Sebastian Vettel (Germany) of Ferrari.
3rd Position: Sergio Perez (Mexico) of Force India.
4th Position: Kimi Raikkonen (Finland) of Ferrari.
5th Position: Lewis Hamilton (United Kingdom) of Mercedes.
Top 3 Teams : Mercedes, Ferrari and Force India.
Himachal Pradesh gets green-concept based state data centre
Himachal Pradesh has became the first state in the country to have a State Data Centre (SDC), designed using green data centre concept, to offer 101 people-oriented service online through an integrated data base. It was launched by Chief Minister Virbhadra Singh in Shimla.
Facts about state data centre :
SDC would integrate the websites of various departments and all services could be accessible through the integrated data base, saving time and money spent on creation of infrastructure.
State Data Centre has been set up by IT Department using state-of-the-art technology and it is first SDC in the country which has been designed using green data centre concept to minimise power requirement and increase power utilisation efficiency.
It would help in reducing the burden on state exchequer and at the same time help in the integration of online databases of various departments. It would provide all services in digital format thus, giving boost to paperless governance.>Login To Save for Revision
- Dia Mirza named ambassador for Swachh Saathi programme
Bollywood actress Dia Mirza has been named the ambassador for Swachh Bharat Mission's youth-based 'Swachh Saathi' (student internship) programme.
As the ambassador, the actress would interact with school and college students from across the country through awareness sessions, community cleaning activities and motivational videos.
Under the Swachh Saathi programme, more than 2,000 interns would be enrolled, who would coordinate with around 10,000 schools across the country and ensure that all students in these schools take the pledge for Clean India.>Login To Save for Revision
- India, US ink MoU to facilitate hassle-free entry of Indians into US
India and the US have signed an MoU to facilitate hassle-free entry of Indians into America at selected airports by providing speedy security clearances for pre-approved, low-risk travelers from the country.
India is only the ninth country with which the US has entered into this International Expedited Traveller Initiative (also known as the Global Entry Programme), reflective of the growing relationship between the two largest democracies of the world.
The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between Indian Ambassador to the US Arun K Singh and Kevin K McAleenan, Deputy Commissioner of US Customs and Border Protection.
The US is home to more than 3 million Indian-origin people who continue to maintain deep-rooted links with India so India's entry into Global Entry Programme will further ease travel between the two countries and strengthen people-to-people ties.
Global Entry Programme: Currently, Global Entry Programme is available at more than 40 US airports and 12 pre-clearance locations. More than 1.8 million people are enrolled in Global Entry and approximately 50,000 new applications for the programme are filed every month.>Login To Save for Revision
- India ranked 2nd on GRD index on ease of doing business
India has jumped 13 positions from last year to rank second among 30 developing countries when it comes to ease of doing business as per 2016 Global Retail Development Index (GRDI) released by London-based business consultancy A T Kearney.
Highlights of 2016 GRDI
A sharp pick up in GDP growth and better clarity regarding FDI regulations have helped india achieve a second ranking. India has relaxed several key Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) regulations in single-brand retail and this has paved the way for multinational firms to enter the market.
India's retail sector has expanded at a compound annual growth rate of 8.8 per cent between 2013 and 2015, with annual sales crossing the USD 1 trillion mark.
India has also become the world's fastest growing economy. That coupled with a large population base and the easing of FDI regulations in the sector has made it an even more attractive market.
India's retail sector has also benefited from the rapid growth in e-commerce. India is the world's second largest internet market and the increasing internet and smartphone penetration is contributing to the expansion of e-commerce.
Global Retail Development Index (GRDI) : The GRDI is annually published by London-based business consultancy A T Kearney.It analyses 25 macroeconomic and retail-specific variables to help retailers devise successful global strategies to identify emerging market investment opportunities.The study is unique as it identifies the markets that are most attractive in present and also their future potential.>Login To Save for Revision
- India becomes co-chair of Working Group on Maritime Situational Awareness under CGPCS
India has became the co-chair of Working Group on Maritime Situational Awareness under Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia (CGPCS) in recognition of its pro-active role in combating the problem of piracy off the Somalian Coast and in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR).
Decision in this regard, was taken through a consensus during the 19th Plenary Session of the CGPCS held in Mahe, Seychelles from 31st May to 3th June 2016. Seychelles is the current chairman of the CGPCS for the biennium 2016-17.
Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia (CGPCS)
CGPCS was set up in 2009 as a group of interested and affected nations, industry associations and multilateral agencies to take pro-active steps for checking piracy in the Indian Ocean region through a UN Security Council resolution.
In its 7 year of working the Contact Group has been able to effectively deal with the issues relating to piracy off the coast of Somalia.
So far more than 60 countries and international organizations have become part of this forum to work collectively for the prevention of piracy off the Somali coast.>Login To Save for Revision
- Rajasthan launches mobile app on air quality index
Rajasthan Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje has launched a mobile app RajVayu for sharing information about air quality index of Jaipur, Jodhpur and Udaipur. Another app 'Drishti' for monitoring of pollution levels in industrial regions was also launched.
Both apps were launched on the eve of World Environment Day. It should be noted that Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board (RSPCB) is the first state Board in the country to have this app for its citizens.
Key features of RajVayu :
RajVayu is based on the data collected by sophisticated air quality monitoring equipment and weather sensors. The app has been designed by Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board (RSPCB) jointly with Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM).
It would share details about the air quality, such as levels of pollutants likes Particulate Matter, SOx, NOx, CO, Ozone particles with the city residents and tourists.
It would also share temperature, wind speed, humidity, weather forecast and advisories. This is based on the System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting Research (SAFAR-India). Presently, Delhi, Mumbai and Pune are connected with this system.
By 2017, the services of this application would be expanded other cities in the state including in Ajmer, Alwar, Bhiwadi, Kota and Pali.
India’s first Mr Universe Manohar Aich passes away
Legendary Indian body builder and the country's first Mr Universe Manohar Aich died on Sunday at his north Kolkata residence following age related health issues. He was 104. Manohar Aich had won the Mr. Universe title in 1952 and was nicknamed ‘Pocket Hercules’ due to his 4-feet, 11-inch frame.
Facts about Manohar Aich :
He was born on 17 March 1912 in Comilla in the Tipperah District of Bengal (now the Comilla District in Bangladesh). He joined the Royal Air Force in 1942 where he began his pursuit in bodybuilding.
While part of the RAF, he was imprisoned for slapping a British officer, in protest at the officer's remarks in favour of colonial oppression.
In 1950, at the age of 38, Aich won the Mr. Hercules contest. In 1951 he stood second in the Mr. Universe contest. In 1952 he won the Pro-Short division of the NABBA Mr. Universe.
In 1991, he unsuccessfully contested the Lok Sabha elections as a BJP candidate. He had finished third, collecting over 1.63 lakh votes.>Login To Save for Revision
- PM Narendra Modi conferred with the Highest Civilian Honour of Afghanistan
The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has been conferred with Amir Amanullah Khan Award, Afghanistan’s highest civilian honour.
He was bestowed the honour by President Ashraf Ghani after the inauguration of the landmark Afghan-India Friendship Dam in Herat, Afghanistan.
Amir Amanullah Khan Award :
Amir Amanullah Khan Award is the highest Civilian honour bestowed by Afghan government to Afghan national as well as foreigners in appreciation of their services.
The award is named after Afghan national hero Amanullah Khan who championed the cause of Afghanistan’s freedom.The citation on the reverse of the medal reads: “nishan-e dawlati Ghazi Amir Amanullah Khan”, or "State Order of Ghazi Amir Amanullah Khan.”
Facts to know about Amanullah Khan
Amanullah Khan born on June 1, 1892 was the sovereign of the Kingdom of Afghanistan from 1919 to 1929, first as Emir and after 1926 as Malik (King).
After the third Anglo-Afghan War, Afghanistan was able to pursue an independent foreign policy free from the influence of the United Kingdom, and his rule was marked by dramatic political and social change
He was the first Afghan ruler who attempted to modernize Afghanistan on Western designs. However, he did not succeed in this because of a popular uprising by Habibullah Kalakani and his followers.
In 1929, Amanullah abdicated from throne and fled to neighbouring British India while Afghanistan fell into a civil war. From British India he went to Europe where he died in Zurich, Switzerland, in 1960.>Login To Save for Revision
- V Narayanasamy sworn in as Puducherry CM
Former Union Minister of State and AICC general secretary V. Narayanasamy was sworn in as Chief Minister of the Union Territory of Puducherry.
It should be noted that currently Narayanasamy is not a member of the house. He need to become member of house by facing election in 6 months.
Lieutenant Governor Kiran Bedi administered the oath of office and secrecy to Mr. Narayanasamy and the five Ministers – A. Namassivayam, Malladi Krishna Rao, M. Candassamy, M.O.H. F. Shahjahan and R. Kamalakannan.
Facts about V Narayanasamy :
V. Narayanasamy born 30 May 1947 in Pondicherry has served three tenure as Rajya Sabha MP and was member of Lok Sabha from Puducherry constituency from 2009 to 2014.
He had served as Minister of State (MoS) Parliamentary Affairs in UPA-I. In 2009, he was elected to Lok Sabha and had served as Minister of State (MoS) in Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) in UPA II.
Note : In the recently held state general elections Congress-DMK alliance had emerged victorious by securing 17 seats (Congress: 15; DMK:2) in the 30 member assembly.>Login To Save for Revision
- World’s first 3D printed plane THOR unveiled by Airbus
Thor- the world’s first 3D-printed aircraft was unveiled by European aerospace company, Airbus at the International Aerospace Exhibition held in Schoenefeld, Germany.
The aircraft is windowless, weighing in at just 21 kilos (46 pounds) and less than four metres (13 feet) long. Thor is short term for "Test of High-tech Objectives in Reality". It resembles a large, white model airplane.
Key features of THOR
THOR has just 3 parts. It is lighter, faster and cheaper. It is windowless small pilotless propeller aircraft. It weighs 21 kilo grams and less than 4 metres. All of it's parts except the electrical elements are 3D printed from a substance called polyamide.
Airbus and its US rival Boeing are already using 3D printing, notably to make parts for their huge passenger jets the A350 and B787 Dreamliner.
The printed pieces have the advantage of requiring no tools and that they can be made very quickly. The metal parts produced can also be 30-50 percent lighter than in the past, and there is almost zero manufacturing waste.
About 3D printing technology
3D printing, also known as additive manufacturing (AM) is a process of making 3-D (three dimensional) solid objects from a digital file with extreme precision.
In 3D printing, successive layers of material are formed under computer control to create an object. These objects can be of almost any shape or geometry and are produced from a 3D model or other electronic data source. A 3D printer is a type of industrial robot.>Login To Save for Revision
- 05 June: World Environment Day
World Environment Day (WED) is observed every year on June 5 to raise global awareness to take positive environmental action to protect nature and the planet Earth.
Theme for 2016 : “Go Wild for Life”
This year’s theme calls everyone for taking action to help safeguard species under threat for future generations.
Host Country for 2016 : Angola.
Angola is this year's host country for World Environment Day. The country is making strong commitments to combat wildlife crime by shutting down its domestic ivory trade and taking action to stop smuggling over its borders.>Login To Save for Revision
- India ranks 70th on Good Country Index
India is the world's 70th good country to live in amongst 163 other nations, according to recently released 2015 Good Country Index (GCI).
Sweden has been voted as the best country in the world when it comes to serving the interests of its people and contributing to the common good of humanity.
Facts revealed by Good Country Index (GCI) :
Top 10 Countries in 2015 GCI: The top ten best countries included Sweden, Denmark, the Netherlands, the UK, Germany, Finland, Canada, France, Austria and New Zealand whereas Libya was ranked as the least "good" country in the world.
India figured at 70th position overall, three places below China. India’s best ranking (27th) was in ‘international peace and security’ parameter of index and was the worst (124th) in ‘prosperity and equality’.
India stood at 37th position in health and wellbeing and 62nd in science and technology. It was placed at 119th position in culture, 106th position in climate and 100th position in world order.>Login To Save for Revision
- Pakistani Sindhi Hindus to get Indian citizenship
The Centre will set up a four-day camp from June 12-15 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh to grant Indian citizenship to the Sindhi Hindus who migrated to India from Pakistan between 1971 and 2009.
It should be noted that nearly 35,000 Sindhis from Pakistan were living as refugees in M.P. Of these, 15,000 live in Indore and Bhopal.
The migrants will have to submit forms which will be accepted by the officials at the camp. The application forms will be divided into three categories.
Those who migrated during 1971-1990 period will have to submit ‘green colour’ form, those who have come to India from the neighbouring country between 1991 and 2000 will have to submit ‘yellow colour’ form, while those from 2000-2009 period will have to furnish ‘white’ colour forms.>Login To Save for Revision
- Biography on Super 30 fame Anand Kumar released
Chief Minister Nitish Kumar released the biography of well renowned mathematician and philanthropist Anand Kumar who is best known for his Super 30 programme, which he started in Patna, Bihar in 2002.
Super 30 provides free coaching, food and accommodation to 30 students coming from the poorest strata of society. Since 2002, over 350 students from the institute have cracked the IIT-JEE.
The book, titled Super 30: Anand Kumar, is published in English by Penguin Random House and in Hindi by Prabhat Prakashan. It has been written by Canada-based psychiatrist Biju Mathew in association with journalist Arun Kumar.>Login To Save for Revision
- Maldives jails ex-vice president for 10 years
Former Maldives vice-president Ahmed Adeeb was jailed for 10 years on a terrorism charge for possession of firearms. Adeeb faces charges of trying to assassinate Gayoom, after an explosion hit the presidential speedboat last year. Gayoom made his trusted protege Adeeb vice president in July 2015 after sacking his running mate in the 2013 election.
The decision by the Criminal Court made Ahmed Adeeb the fourth high-profile politician to be jailed on a terrorism charge. Former President Mohamed Nasheed, the former Defence Minister Mohamed Nazim and the head of a leading political party, Sheikh Imran Abdulla, are the others to get lengthy prison terms since President Yameen Abdul Gayoom was elected in 2013.
Background : The tiny nation of 340,000 Sunni Muslims has been ruled by Gayoom's half-brother Maumoon Abdul Gayoom from 1978 to 2008 until he lost to Nasheed in the country's first multi-party election. Nasheed resigned in 2012 after weeks of public protests for his role in jailing a sitting judge. He is in UN under political asylum.>Login To Save for Revision
- Tennis star Rohan Bopanna secures direct entry into Rio Olympics
Indian tennis star Rohan Bopanna has now returned to top-10 in the ATP rankings for doubles chart, securing a direct entry into the men’s doubles event of the Rio Olympic Games.
Bopanna being a top-10 player not only gets a direct entry but also has the choice to pick his partner for the men’s doubles event irrespective of his ranking.
The next best players in the doubles for India are Purav Raja (103) Divij Sharan (114), Saketh Myneni (125), Jeevan Nedunchezhiyan (134) and Mahesh Bhupathi (164).
The ranking of players of June 6 would be considered for entry into the mixed doubles draw, which would be on site from among the players available for singles and doubles.>Login To Save for Revision
- RBI cites inflation risks, keeps policy rate unchanged
Reserve Bank of India Governor Raghuram Rajan kept the benchmark repo rate unchanged at 6.5 percent, in its bank’s bi-monthly monetary policy review. Consequently, the reverse repo rate will remain at 6 percent .
The cash reserve ratio was also kept unchanged at 4 percent. The GDP growth target for the current fiscal has been retained at 7.6 percent.However the RBI expressed concern over the recent rise in inflation.
P Sreeramakrishnan elected Kerala Assembly Speaker
P Sreeramakrishnan of the CPM was elected the Speaker of the 14th legislative Assembly of Kerala.
Mr Sreeramakrishnan, Ponnani MLA, secured 92 votes against opposition United Democratic Front’s (UDF) V.P. Sajeendran who got 46 votes.
48-year-old Sreeramakrishnan, known for his pleasant personality and soft-spoken nature, is two-time legislator from Ponnani constituency.
He was elected for the first time in 2011 and again in 2016. He is state committee member of CPI(M) and the Ex- President of the Democratic Youth Federation of India (DYFI).>Login To Save for Revision
- Odisha becomes first state to give welfare benefits to transgender community
Odisha became the first state in the country to give transgender people social welfare benefits such as a pension, housing and food grains which is usually allocated for only the most impoverished.
The move to give the transgender community the same benefits as those living below the poverty line was aimed at improving their overall social and economic status.
The beneficiaries will enjoy free housing, 100 days of paid work annually, pensions and loans to start their own businesses. They would also be entitled 5 kg of food grains every month under National Food Security Act.
Issues faced by transgender community:
The social exclusion, ostracism and sexual abuses faced by this community almost each day do not let them get employed smoothly. They also lack of access to education and employment opportunities, ending up into organised groups, forced begging or demanding money.
Legal third gender :
>Login To Save for Revision
- In a landmark judgment in April 2014, India's Supreme Court recognised transgender as a legal third gender and called on the government to ensure their equal treatment.
- The court recognised the community as a marginalised group and directed authorities to implement policies to improve their socio-economic status.
- Identity documents such as birth certificates, driving licenses and passports must now recognise the third gender, and a certain number of public sector jobs, seats in schools and colleges must be allocated to third-gender applicants.
- Scientists Discovered Rare 'Einstein Ring'
An international team of astrophysicists from Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC) and the University of La Laguna (ULL) in Canary Islands an unusual astronomical object - an Einstein ring- created by a galaxy located 10,000 million light years away that is hidden behind a more massive galaxy.
Einstein rings, predicted by Einstein's theory of General Relativity, are quite rare but scientifically interesting. The unusual astronomical object has been named as "The Canarias Einstein ring".
What is Einstein ring?
In his General Theory of Relativity, Albert Einstein predicted that gravity would distort the fabric of spacetime, and that light would follow curved paths as a result.
In observational astronomy, an Einstein ring is the deformation (distortion) of the light from very far source such as (star or galaxy) into a ring through gravitational lensing of the source’s light by an object with an extremely large mass (such as a black hole or another galaxy).
The light from distant galaxies is bent by black holes and massive galaxies that lie between them and our planet. The intervening objects act as lenses, creating cosmic arcs and rings.>Login To Save for Revision
- Navin Agarwal appointed as DG of NADA
Senior IPS officer Navin Agarwal has been appointed as the Director General (DG)/ Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of National Anti-Doping Agency ( NADA ).
His appointment was confirmed by the Appointments Committee of Cabinet (ACC) chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
He has been appointed to the post for five years. Navin Agarwal is a 1986 batch IPS officer of Jammu and Kashmir cadre. Prior to this appointment he was working in his cadre state J&K.>Login To Save for Revision
- Nita Ambani nominated for International Olympic Committee
Nita Ambani, founder-chairperson of Reliance Foundation, has been nominated as a candidate to be a new member, pending election, of the International Olympic Committee ( IOC ), headquartered at Lausanne, Switzerland.
Nita Ambani, 52, has become the first Indian woman to be nominated as a member of the International Olympic Committee. She will formally become an IOC member in elections slated for 2-4 August just before the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro.
It should be noted that Sir Dorabji Tata was the first Indian representative in the IOC while Raja Randhir Singh was a member from 2000-2014 and is currently a honorary member of the IOC.
Nita Ambani who is married to Mukesh Ambani, the country's richest man is the founder and chairperson at the Reliance Foundation, the philanthropic arm of conglomerate Reliance Industries. She is also the principal owner of the Mumbai Indians franchise in the Indian Premier League cricket tournament.>Login To Save for Revision
- Two Indian Origin Women Feature in Forbes ‘Richest Self-Made Women’ List
Two Indian-origin women have featured on the Forbes' annual list of America's 60 wealthiest and most successful self-made women entrepreneurs.
The list released by renowned financial and business magazine Forbes, includes 60 achievers as measured by their net worth.
According to Forbes, the richest self-made woman in America is Diane Hendricks , the owner of ABC Supply, the largest wholesale distributor of roofing and siding in the country.
Her new worth is USD 4.9 billion, USD 1.2 billion more than last year when she was ranked second.
Two Indian-origin women are :
Neerja Sethi : India-born Neerja Sethi, who co-founded IT consulting and outsourcing firm Syntel with her husband Bharat Desai, is ranked 16th on 'America's Richest Self-made Women' list. Her assets account for a net worth of US 1.1 billion dollars. She is vice president of Syntel’s corporate affairs. Her company employs more than 25000 people.
Jayshree Ullal: She is the President and CEO of Arista Networks, a cloud networking company responsible for the deployment of 10/40/100 Gigabit Ethernet networking in the data center. She has been placed at 30th position in the list.>Login To Save for Revision
- Asia's first ‘Gyps Vulture Reintroduction Programme' launched in Haryana
The Haryana Government has launched Asia’s first ‘Gyps Vulture Reintroduction Programme’ at the Jatayu Conservation Breeding Centre at Pinjore.
It was launched by state Chief Minister Manohar Lal by releasing 2 captive bred Himalayan Griffons vultures in the pre-release aviaries close to the breeding centre at Pinjore.
The Centre has become prominent vulture breeding and conservation centre in the country-after successfully breeding Himalayan Griffon Vultures-an old world vulture in the family of Accipitridae-in captivity.
Breeding and conservation of vultures is a significant step in the direction of saving the species. It is a matter of concern that some vulture species have become endangered.
Decline in vulture population:
- The main reason for rapid decline in population of vulture is due to Diclofenac, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug which is given to cattle in inflammation and pain.
- Though vultures have robust digestive system, they are not able to break down Diclofenac and die of renal failure or kidney failure after eating carcasses of cattle administered with the drug.
Preventive steps taken by Government :
The government banned the veterinary use of the drug in 2006 and multi-vial usage of the drug for human consumption in 2015 to bring down prevalence of the drug in cattle carcasses and make the environment safe for vultures.>Login To Save for Revision
- BRICS bank to issue first Yuan-denominated bonds
The New Development Bank of the BRICS countries is set to issue its first yuan-denominated bonds to finance sustainable development projects.
The bank's first five-year yuan-denominated bonds, also referred as green bonds, will be issued after receiving a rating from international ratings agencies as well as getting authorities' approval.
Further, more bonds denominated in local currencies of the BRICS countries, including the rupees in India, will be issued if the bank's board and local authorities endorse the project plans.
The Shanghai-based New Development Bank (NDB) has been founded by Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS).
It is headed by eminent Indian banker K V Kamath. The bank plans to finance sustainable development projects in the emerging markets and developing countries.
It announced its first batch of loans on April 2016, providing USD 300 million to Brazil, USD 81 million to China, USD 250 million to India and USD 180 million to South Africa.>Login To Save for Revision
- P Dhanapal re-elected as Speaker of Tamil Nadu Assembly
Ruling AIADMK nominee, P Dhanapal was unanimously elected Speaker of the 15th Tamil Nadu Assembly, the first to be elected for a consecutive second term in the state's legislative history.
Pollachi V Jayaraman of ruling AIADMK was unanimously re-elected as the Deputy Speaker of the legislative assembly.
Chief Minister Jayalalithaa proposed the names of Dhanapal and Pollachi V Jayaraman as Speaker and Deputy Speaker respectively and Finance Minister O Panneerselvam ad seconded the proposal when the Assembly met.
Both of them earlier had served as Speaker and Deputy Speaker during the 2011-16 AIADMK regime.>Login To Save for Revision
- Shangri-La Dialogue Opens in Singapore
The 15th edition of Asia Security Summit "Shangri-La Dialogue" was inaugurated in Singapore to talk about security issues in the Asia-Pacific region.
The three day event will be attended by at least 20 Defence Ministers from Asia-Pacific countries including India represented by Union Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar
The Shangri-La Dialogue is an annual summit organized by the UK-based International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) that welcomes defense officials from countries across the Asia-Pacific region and the world to discuss strategic issues, resolve differences, and seek potential cooperation.
The forum gets its name from the Shangri-La Hotel in Singapore where it has been held since 2002. The summit serves to cultivate a sense of community among the most important policymakers in the defence and security community in the region.>Login To Save for Revision
- NASA scientists finds 39 unreported sources of SO2 pollution
Using a new satellite-based method, NASA scientists have located 39 unreported and major human-made sources of toxic sulphur dioxide emissions.
The unreported emission sources were found in the analysis of satellite data from 2005 to 2014.
These sources are clusters of coal-burning power plants, smelters, oil and gas operations – found notably in West Asia, but also in Mexico and parts of Russia.
Sulphur dioxide is a known health hazard and cause of acid rain. Currently, sulphur dioxide-monitoring activities include the use of emission inventories that are derived from ground-based measurements and factors, such as fuel usage.
Facts to know :
Altogether, unreported and under-reported sources account for about 12 per cent of all human-made emissions of sulphur dioxide. This discrepancy can have a large impact on regional air quality.
Researchers using a new satellite also have located 75 natural sources of SO2 in the form of non-erupting volcanoes that are slowly leaking the toxic gas.>Login To Save for Revision
- Scientists create Bionic leaf that turns sunlight into liquid fuel
Scientists at Harvard University have created a “bionic leaf” which uses the sun’s energy to split water molecules and hydrogen-eating bacteria to produce liquid fuels from CO2.
This artificial photosynthesis device which has been dubbed as “bionic leaf 2.0” can now convert solar energy to biomass with 10 percent efficiency. Its efficiency is much higher than the 1% seen in the fastest growing plants.
Scientists had used a new cobalt-phosphorous alloy catalyst for this experiment which lowered the voltage and increased the efficiency dramatically.
The catalyst chemical design allows the system to self-heal i.e. doesn’t allow material to leech into solution.>Login To Save for Revision
- India, Singapore agree to enhance scale of military interaction
India and Singapore held the first dialogue between their defence ministers and have agreed to enhance the scale of existing bilateral military interaction and complexity of existing bilateral exercises between the militaries.
The agreement comes at a time when freedom of navigation in international waterways has emerged as a major concern.
The Dialogue was co-chaired by Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar and his Singapore counterpart Dr. Ng Eng Hen.
Both countries also agreed cooperation between Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Singapore research agency on research-oriented projects.
Both ministers strongly condemned terrorism, and renewed their commitment to cooperation in counter terrorism efforts besides emphasising the importance of safeguarding maritime security in international waterway.
India joins The Hague Code of Conduct
India has joined The Hague Code of Conduct (HCoC) against Ballistic Missile Proliferation.
(HCoC) is a global ballistic missile proliferation regime to strengthen worldwide attempt to contain the spread of ballistic missiles.
The Hague Code of Conduct (HCoC) is a voluntary legally non-binding multilateral body aimed at preventing the spread of ballistic missiles that can deliver weapons of mass destruction.
Since the signing and entering into force of the HCOC Code in November 2002 in The Hague, the number of signatories has increased from 96 to 138.
Ballistic Missile: A ballistic missile is a missile that follows a ballistic trajectory with the objective of delivering one or more warheads to a predetermined target. A ballistic missile is only guided during relatively brief periods of flight and most of its trajectory is unpowered and governed by gravity and air resistance if it is in the atmosphere. In contrasts, cruise missiles are aerodynamically guided in powered flight.
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- Scientists make world's first 1,000-processor microchip named Kilo-core