UN blacklists Nigeria's Islamist terror outfit Boko Haram

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UN Security Council has put the Nigerian terror group 'Boko Haram' under the so-called 'UN's 1267 (al Qaeda) sanctions list'. The notorious list features all banned organization linked to al-Qaeda.

Key Points

  • The al-Qaeda-linked group recently hit the zenith of infamy after abduction of over 270 schoolgirls from its citadel of Northern Nigeria.
  • The sanction will subject it to an arms embargo, travel bans and asset freeze.
  • The group, which demands the creation of an Islamic state in mainly Muslim northern Nigeria, has recently escalated its barrage of attacks that have left thousands dead since 2009.

Will the sanction work?

  • Its unlikely to make any noticable dent into the movement.
  • Boko Haram is a guerilla organization and lack any definite structure or chain of command; So its kind of faceless and thus easier to hide and escape legal crackdown.
  • Commanders and leaders do not travel with passports, they mainly travel on the ground in hijacked vehicles; So travel ban is mostly insignificant
  • The group, being an informal organization, lack much formal assets on its name; So not much to lose here by the assets freeze decree.

Boko Haram

  • The name "Boko Haram" is in Hausa language that loosely translates to "Western education is sinful". 
  • The group much like, Taliban movement in Afghanistan, aims to establish a puritan Islamic state strictly based on Sharia.
  • The movement has also extended its wings to nearby regions of north Cameroon and Niger.
  • The group is mainly active in the muslim-dominated northeastern Nigerian states of Borno, Adamawa, Kaduna, Bauchi, Yobe and Kano. 
  • All the state mentioned above have been under state of emergency since last year.
  • The group's main leader is Abubakar Shekau. (in the pic above)

President of Nigeria: Goodluck Jonathan

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