Russia’s newest defence satellite EKS Kosmos-2510 successfully launched

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Russia successfully launched an early warning satellite for its newest early warning system, named EKS or Integrated Space System. The satellite has been officially named Kosmos 2510 (Tundra 11L). The satellite is designed to restore Moscow's capability to detect, track and identify worldwide missile launches from space.

The satellite was launched using Russian Soyuz-2.1b carrier rocket from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome which is a military facility in north-western Russia’s Arkhangelsk region.The launch was carried out under the command of Deputy Commander of Russian Aerospace Defence Forces (VKO) – Commander of the Space Troops Alexander Golovko.

The EKS system (meaning Unified Space System) will consist of satellites capable of identifying ballistic missile launches from outer space. They will identify launches of ballistic missiles by detection of their engines’ exhaust plume in infrared light. The new system will also complement early-warning radars.

EKS is a Russian acronym that translates to integrated space system. The EKS satellites replace Russia’s Oko early warning system, which had its last satellite launch in 2012.

EKS or integrated space system :-

  • EKS (Edinaya Kosmicheskaya Sistema) meaning Unified Space System  is a future programme of Russian early warning satellites and a replacement for the US-KMO and US-K satellites of the Oko programme.
  • These satellites identify ballistic missile launches from outer space and complement early warning radars such as the Voronezh. This gives advance notice of a nuclear attack and would provide information to the A-135 missile defence system which protects Moscow.
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