Magnitsky Act : Flashpoint in US- Russia relations
U.S. and Russia, both have released blacklists of each other’s nationals accused of alleged human rights abuses. This happened after US published a list of 18 Russians who will be barred from entering the U.S. and have their assets frozen. In reply Russia also came out with its own list of 18 Americans subject to similar sanctions.
- The U.S. blacklist has been compiled under the so-called Magnitsky Act passed in 2012 and is named after Russian lawyer Sergei Magnitsky, who died in prison after blowing the whistle on a multimillion tax scam organised by corrupt Russian officials.
- Russia retaliated by adopting an “anti-Magnitsky” law that mirrored U.S. sanctions and also banned American adoptions of Russian orphans.
The Russian list includes former U.S. officials related to the Guantanamo Bay U.S. Naval Base and law enforcement authorities involved in the prosecution of two Russian nationals accused of trafficking weapons and drugs while the US list includes those related with Magnitsky case.
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