India to build "Neutrino Observatory" on the lines of CERN
India is going to build its own version of CERN laboratory in the Theni district of Tamil Nadu near the border with Kerala.
The high-end scientific Neutrino Observatory (INO) will be used for experiments in high energy physics along the lines of CERN in Geneva.
What it will be like ?
- The underground project will comprise a complex of caverns - the main cavern, which will house the current detector will be 130 meters long, 26 meters wide and 30 meter high.
- There will be two smaller caverns to be used for setting up experiments for neutrino double detector and dark matters.
- The complex will be approached by a 2-kms long tunnel. The Inter Institutional Centre for High Energy Physics will come up in Madurai, about 110 kilometers from the Observatory.
- International participation will be sought to turn the facility into a global hub for high-end research like the CERN in Geneva.
- India, however, will continue to participation in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) project of CERN.
What is CERN?
- CERN stands for 'European Organization for Nuclear Research'.
What it does?
- This world-class fundamental physics research organization operates a high-end laboratory near Geneva.
- Scientists are experimenting there to gain a deeper insight into the fundamental structure of the universe.
- They use the world's largest and most complex scientific instruments to study the basic constituents of matter - the fundamental particles.
- The particles are made to collide together at close to the speed of light.
- The process gives the physicists clues about how the particles interact, and provides insights into the fundamental laws of nature.