India ranks 133 in 2016 World Press Freedom Index
According to the recently released 2016 World Press Freedom Index (WPFI), India ranked abysmally low at 133 among 180 surveyed worldwide in terms of press freedom in 2015.
However India with a score of 43.17 has jumped three spots from the 136th position it had in 2015. The list has been topped by Finland, which retained its top spot for the sixth consecutive year, followed by the Netherlands and Norway.
The report shows that there has been a deep and disturbing decline in respect for media freedom at both the global and regional levels. The many reasons for this decline in freedom of information includes :
- Increasingly authoritarian tendencies of governments in countries such as Turkey and Egypt
- Tighter government control of state-owned media, even in some European countries such as Poland
- Security situations that have become more and more fraught in Libya and Burundi
Survival of independent news coverage is becoming increasingly precarious in both the state and privately-owned media because of the threat from ideologies, especially religious ideologies, that are hostile to media freedom and from large-scale propaganda machines.
- Top 10 Countries: Finland (Rank 1st), Netherlands (2nd), Norway (3rd), Denmark (4th), New Zealand (5th), Costa Rica (6th), Switzerland (7th), Sweden (8th), Ireland (9th) and Jamaica (10th)
- Among India's neighbouring countries: Pakistan ranks 147, Sri Lanka (141), Afghanistan (120), Bangladesh (144), Nepal (105) and Bhutan (94). China is ranked 176
- Lowest ranked countries : Among the lowest ranked countries were Syria, at 177th place out of 180, just above North Korea (179th) and last placed Eritrea.
World Press Freedom Index (WPFI)
WPFI is compiled and produced by France-based international non-governmental organization Reporters Without Borders (RSF). It is published annually since 2002, the World Press Freedom Index is based on an evaluation of media freedom that measures pluralism, media independence, the quality of the legal framework and the safety of journalists in 180 countries.