Highest Dowry Deaths in UP and Bihar in 2012, 2013 & 2014
As per the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data, the highest number of dowry deaths during 2012, 2013 & 2014 have been reported from the state of Uttar Pradesh followed by Bihar.
Dowry deaths are found in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Iran. India reports the highest total number of dowry deaths with 8,391 such deaths reported in 2010, 1.4 deaths per 100,000 women. Adjusted for population, Pakistan, with 2,000 reported such deaths per year, has the highest rate of dowry death at 2.45 per 100,000 women.
National Crime Records Bureau statistical report :-
- Uttar Pradesh reported 2244 dowry deaths in 2012, 2335 dowry deaths in 2013 & 2469 dowry deaths in 2014 which is the highest in the country for that year.
- Bihar is placed second in dowry death cases consecutively in the last three years ( 2012, 2013 & 2014 ) with number of 1275 dowry deaths reported in 2012 & 1182 in 2013, 1373 in 2014.
- The states of West Bengal, Rajasthan, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh reported among the highest cases of Cruelty by Husband or his Relatives during the last three years.
Cases of dowry at national level :-
As per the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data, a total number of 9038, 10709 and 10050 cases have been registered under the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 during 2012, 2013 and 2014 respectively. Similarly, a total number of 8233, 8083 and 8455 cases were registered under section 304 B of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) (Dowry Death) in the country during 2012, 2013 and 2014 respectively.
Who is responsible ?
The implementation of the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 is the responsibility of the respective State Government in the country. The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 lays down a built-in implementation mechanism in the form of Dowry Prohibition Officers to ensure effective and efficacious enforcement of the law. The Ministry reviews with the States time to time for effective implementation of the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961.
All the States except Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Mizoram and Nagaland where the dowry system is not in prevalence, have appointed Dowry Prohibition Officers. In most of the States, the duty of Dowry Prohibition Officer has been given as additional charge to existing State functionaries
Efforts by the Union government :-
The Government of India regularly conducts awareness generation programmes and publicity campaigns on various laws relating to women including Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 through workshops, fairs, cultural programmes, seminars, training programmes etc. Advertisements are regularly brought out in the print and electronic media to create awareness on laws relating to rights of women.
Laws to combat the evil of dowry system :-
- Sec 304 B of IPC :- Where the death of a woman is caused by any burns or bodily injury or occurs otherwise than under normal circumstances within seven years of her marriage and it is shown that soon before her death she was subjected to cruelty or harassment by her husband or any relative of her husband for, or in connection with, any demand for dowry, such death shall be called "dowry death", and such husband or relative shall be deemed to have caused her death. Whoever commits dowry death shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than seven years but which may extend to imprisonment for life
- Sec 498-A IPC :- This law is charged when husband or the relative of the husband of a woman, subjects her to cruelty. The person shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years and shall also be liable to fine. The offence is Cognizable, non-compoundable and non-bailable.