European Migrant crisis: Real test for the European Union

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Currently Europe is facing unprecedented human migration as People are fleeing from war zones fearing for their life and dreaming of a better life far from the poverty and upheaval of their unstable nations. 

Maximun number of  refugees and economic migrants are from areas such as the Middle East, Africa, the Balkans and South Asia coming to the European Union across the Mediterranean Sea and Southeast Europe and applying for asylum

Situations would have been different today if optimum actions were taken at correct time :-

  • Ever since the Syrian civil war broke out in 2011, there were no meaningful international efforts to find a political solution to the crisis. Instead, regional powers turned Syria into a geopolitical battlefield. 

  • Rich Arab countries such as Saudi Arabia and Qatar supported different rebel groups against the regime because they wanted President Bashar al-Assad, an ally of Iran, to be toppled.
  • Turkey, driven by its regional ambitions, also threw its weight behind the rebels and kept open its long border, through which fighters could cross into Syria to join the war. 
  • Western powers such as the U.S. and Britain joined the ‘regime change’ chorus and offered support to the rebels. This drive failed to oust Mr. Assad, but has destabilised Syria, leading to the rise of terror groups such as Islamic State. 
  • It’s already too late now to find a political solution. IS controls almost half the country and it is trying to advance into areas controlled by the regime. Refugees from the wars of West Asia are pouring into the European Union at an unprecedented rate dreaming of a better life far from the poverty and regular bloodshed

Journey of migrants is not so easy:-

  • The migrants and refugees risk their lives in rickety boats and cramped lorry containers. In April 2015, five boats carrying almost two thousand migrants to Europe sank in the Mediterranean Sea, with a combined death toll estimated at more than 1,200 people.
  • Recently the family of a three-year-old Syrian boy Aylan Kurdi whose body was washed up on a beach in Turkey were making a final, desperate attempt to flee to relatives in Canada even though their asylum application had been rejected.
  • As per  United Nations' refugee agency, UNHCR, at least 366,402 refugees and migrants have crossed the Mediterranean Sea to Europe this year and at least 2,800 have died or disappeared during the journey

"Lifeless body of Aylan Kurdi" Humanity ashamed

  • The shocking image of the lifeless body of Aylan Kurdi, the three-year-old boy who drowned while fleeing Syria’s Kobani, was a tragic reminder of the humanitarian crisis in the West Asian country.
  • Aylan and his family had been making a perilous journey through the Mediterranean Sea to reach the Greek island of Kos.They were not alone. Thousands flee Syria every day as it grapples with one of the greatest humanitarian tragedies in recent history.
  • Aylan Kurdi was a victim of this situation. After the image of the boy lying face-down on a Turkish beach surfaced, several European governments, including that of the United Kingdom, have agreed to take in more Syrian refugees

Massive flood of refugees a challenging situation for European Union

  • The massive flood of refugees in Europe is pushing Germany and Austria to a tipping point. About 20,000 migrants are thought to have entered Germany over the weekend and 11,000 are expected on Monday.
  • Hungary has joined Greece and Italy as a migrant hotspot, overwhelmed by the numbers hoping to settle in the EU. Reception centres in the "frontline" countries are overcrowded. In many cases officials are struggling with a flood of asylum claims.
  • Refugees from the wars of West Asia are pouring into the European Union  at the rate of about 3,000 a day, mostly through Turkey into Greece or across the Mediterranean to Italy, and the EU doesn't know what to do about it.


Who really cares for an unwelcomed guest ?

  • In European Union where Germany, Italy and Sweden have accepted sizeable numbers of asylum  applicants, others, especially the Eastern European nations, have supplemented  meagre asylum acceptance rates by erecting razor-wire fences and deploying the police. The rich Gulf Arab countries have taken in very few Syrian refugees - and critics are urging them to do more to help.
  • France, Italy and the Netherlands have also been fairly generous about granting refugees asylum, and quiet, gallant Sweden is accepting more refugees per capita than anybody else in the EU but most other EU countries are refusing to take a fair share of the refugees, or even any at all.
  • The countries that simply don't want to take in refugees because they are different from the local people. Like Slovakia, which said that it might take a few hundred refugees, but only Christians, or Hungary and the Czech Republic, which are both talking about deploying Armed Forces on their borders to keep refugees out.

Germany: 'No Limit' To Refugees We'll Take In

  • Germany has proved to be an exceptional host for refugees Chancellor Angela Merkel has said there is no legal limit to the number of asylum seekers Germany will take in, with at least 800,000 expected this year alone.
  • Germany is the EU's biggest recipient of refugees and economic migrants from southeastern Europe and has won praise around the world for its handling of the escalating crisis.
  •  Chancellor Angela Merkel said Germany would speed up asylum procedures and build extra housing, but called on other EU states to help
  •  Thousands of migrants who had arrived in Hungary made their way through Austria to Germany over the weekend. Those arriving at Munich station were  cheered by locals.
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