China Ends One-Child Policy, Allowing Families Two Children

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  • China has dropped its controversial one-child  policy fearing that an aging population could be a threat to it's economic development by creating  shortfall in the workforce.
  • The recent decision taken by the Chinese Communist Party (CPC) allows all married couples to have two children. Pressure was mounting on the authorities to ease family-size norms after it became evident that one-child policy was leading to severe labour shortages and an ageing population.
  • According to UN estimates, nearly 440 million people in China would be over 60 by 2050, signaling a sharp decline in the labour pool. Last year, the working population between the ages 15-59 slid by 3.71 million.
  • The efforts to limit family size also led to a skewed sex ratio of males to females, because traditional rural families favor boys over girls, sometimes even resorting to infanticide to ensure they have a son.
  • Abolishing the one-child policy would increase labor supply and ease pressures from an aging population, and will benefit sustained and healthy economic development.

One - Child Policy of China :-

  • The one-child policy took shape in the late 1970s, when Mr. Deng and other leaders concluded that China’s growing population threatened to stifle economic growth. The restrictions went into effect in cities, but in the countryside, many families continued to have two or more children. The government has also exempted ethnic minorities.
  • In 2007, 36% of China's population was subject to a strict one-child restriction. An additional 53% were allowed to have a second child if the first child was a girl.
  • As the years went on, harsh official campaigns to fine and punish couples who violated the rules, and sometimes to force abortions, became a source of public discontent.
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