Current Affairs, News & Facts of 28 Sep 2015

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  • Pankaj Advani wins 2015 IBSF World Billiards Championship  


    Pankaj Advani wins 2015 IBSF World Billiards Championship


    • India’s most successful cueist Pankaj Advani added another feather to his cap by winning the IBSF World Billiards Championship by defeating Peter Gilchrist of Singapore by 1168 points.
    • Advani is 14-time World Billiards and Snooker Champion. He is only player in the world to win world titles in all formats of both, Billiards and Snooker. Advani is the first cueist in the world to win the Grand double three times in 2005 and 2008 respectively.
    • In recognition of his achievements in sports, Union Government has bestowed several awards upon him including Arjuna Award (2004), Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna (2006), Padma Shri (2009).
  • Lewis Hamilton wins 2015 Japanese Grand Prix title of Formula One


    Lewis Hamilton wins 2015 Japanese Grand Prix title of Formula One


    Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton of Britain won 2015 Japanese Grand Prix title of Formula One. This was his overall eight victory of the season. Lewis Hamilton has also won Australia, China, Bahrain, Canada, United Kingdom, Belgium and Italy 2015 Grand Prix titles of Formula One. Lewis Hamilton has won highest number as compared to any other British driver in the history of Formula One. He is currently 5th on the all-time list of F1 with 41 wins.Hamilton's eighth victory in 14 races extends his championship lead to 48 points with 125 still available in the remaining five grands prix.

    Rankings after 2015 Japanese Grand Prix :-

    • 1st position: Lewis Hamilton (Britain) of Mercedes. 
    • 2nd position: Nico Rosberg (Germany) of Mercedes. 
    • 3rd position: Sebastian Vettel (Germany) of Ferrari. 
    • 4th position: Kimi Raikkonen (Finland) of Ferrari. 
    • 5th position: Valtteri Bottas (Finland) of Williams. 
    • 6th position: Nico Hulkenberg (Germany) of Force India 
    • 12th position: Sergio Perez (Mexico) of Force India

    Top 5 Teams:-

    • Mercedes
    • Ferrari
    • Williams 
    • Williams  
    • Force India

    About 2015 Formula One season

    • The 2015 Formula One season is the 66th season of the Formula One World Championship, a motor racing championship for Formula One cars which is recognised by the sport's governing body, the Federation Internationale de l Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars.
    • Twenty-two drivers representing ten teams are contesting nineteen scheduled Grands Prix, starting in Australia on 15 March and ending in Abu Dhabi on 29 November as they compete for the World Drivers' and World Constructors' championships.
  • Sania Mirza-Martina Hingis win Guangzhou Open


    Sania Mirza-Martina Hingis win Guangzhou Open


    • Indo-Swiss pair of Sania Mirza and Martina Hingis have bagged women’s doubles title of 2015 Guangzhou Open Tennis Tournament. In the final match they defeated Chisese pair of Shilin Xu and Xiaodi You by 6-3, 6-1 score.
    • It was overall seventh title of Sania Mirza in the 2015 season and sixth title with Martina Hingis. They have an incredible 42-7 win-loss record together since they had paired up in March 2015.
    • Till date the duo’s  have won 6 of 13 titles they played in 2015 season including in Women’s Double category of Indian Wells, Miami Open, Charleston Open, Wimbledon and US Open.
    • This was the duo’s sixth title of the year which also include two Grand Slam wins. Following the victory at Wimbledon, Mirza and Hingis took number 1 spot in the doubles rankings, which they currently hold. Hingis, for her part, has been part of 5 Grand Slam titles this year – 3 in the mixed doubles, partnering India’s Leander Paes. 
    • Hingis-Paes took victory at the Australian Open, followed by title wins at Wimbledon and the US Open – the latter two of which Hingis also won the women’s doubles in with partner Sania Mirza. Mirza was awarded the Khel Ratna earlier this year by Indian President Pranab Mukherjee for services to sport. 
  • Noted environmentalist Kallen Pokkudan passes away at 78


    Noted environmentalist Kallen Pokkudan passes away at 78


    Noted environmentalist Kallen Pokkudan, who played a crucial role in planting mangroves in various parts of Kerala, died at a private hospital following age-related ailments in Kannur, Kerala. He was 78 years old.

    About Kallen Pokkudan :-

    • Pokkudan was born to the couple, Aringelyan Govindhan Parotty and Kallen Vellachi, in 1937 at Ezhom near Pazhayanghadi in the district.
    • Kallen Pokkudan, also known as Kandal (mangrove in vernacular), devoted his life to the cause of mangrove conservation. He has planted more than one lakh mangroves across the state over three decades. He is also the man behind one of the biggest mangrove forests in the state.
    • Mangroves offer a lifeline to areas under the threat of natural disasters like Tsunami. Pokkudan’s work to extend the mangrove cover has earned him a UNESCO special mention.

    Awards :-  Winner of 'Vanamithra' and 'Haritha Vyakthi' awards by Kerala Government for his environmental crusade, Pokkudan had also acted in a feature film, 'Papilio Buddha' directed by US-based Malayalee filmmaker Jaya Cherian. 


  • INS Viraat, world’s oldest active aircraft carrier, in Kochi


    INS Viraat, world’s oldest active aircraft carrier, in Kochi


    • The oldest operational aircraft carrier in the world, INS Viraat of Indian Navy which is expected to be decommissioned some time next year, is on a visit to Kochi.
    • INS Viraat is the oldest operational carrier in the world but Navy continue to run it at its operational best . The ship, started it's  journey in Navy in 1958. 
    • For the last 28 years, the ship had been periodically upgraded with all its weapons and sensors with equipment on board that is how Navy has been able to keep it running so effectively.
  • Manipur Governor Dr. Syed Ahmad passes away


    Manipur Governor Dr. Syed Ahmad passes away


    • Manipur Governor Syed Ahmed passed away at Mumbai’s Lilavati Hospital. He was 75 and is survived by his wife, one son and two daughters.  He was sworn in as the 16th Governor of Manipur in May 2015. Prior to this he had served as the eighth Governor of Jharkhand from August 2011.
    • Mr. Ahmed served as a Minister in the Maharashtra government from 2001 to 2004. He was elected to the Maharashtra assembly five times from the Nagpada constituency between 1980 and 2004. He was sworn in Governor of Manipur on May 16, 2015.
    • During his tenure as the Governor, he declined to give assent to the Manipur Tenants, Visitors and Migrant Workers Bill, 2015 which was passed by the Manipur Assembly on March 15. It was withdrawn on August 16 during a special session. Dr. Ahmed has written a few books, including an autobiography
  • UN adopts agreement on Sustainable Development Goals 


    UN adopts agreement on Sustainable Development Goals


    • The 193-Member United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted an ambitious agreement on the outcome document New Sustainable Development Agenda for the next 15 years i.e. till 2030.
    • New Sustainable Development Agenda is a promise by leaders to all people everywhere. It is an agenda for people, to end poverty in all its forms
    • The document in this regard was adopted in 70th session of United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) and was announced by its President Mogens Lykketoft at the UN headquarters in New York.

    Key facts:-

    1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere.
    2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture.
    3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.
    4. Ensure inclusive and quality education for all and promote lifelong learning.
    5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.
    6. Ensure access to water and sanitation for all.
    7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.
    8. Promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, employment and decent work for all.
    9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.
    10. Reduce inequality within and among countries.
    11. Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.
    12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.
    13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.
    14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources.
    15. Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss.
    16. Promote just, peaceful and inclusive societies.
    17. Revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.
  • India’s 1st dedicated satellite for astronomy research Astrosat successfully launched  


    India’s 1st dedicated satellite for astronomy research Astrosat successfully launched


    The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully launched astronomy satellite Astrosat along with six foreign satellites by the ISRO’s work horse Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle-C30 (PSLV-C30) from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, an island off the Bay of Bengal coast in Andhra Pradesh.

    The six foreign satellites launched along with Astrosat will be used for maritime monitoring by the respective countries. These include one from Indonesia and Canada and four from the US.

    About Astrosat:- 

    • AstroSat spacecraft is the country’s first spacecraft dedicated to astronomical research  although India has previously conducted astronomical studies through payloads hosted on its other satellites and multi-purpose spacecraft such as its first satellite, Aryabhata, which carried an astronomical payload in addition to technology demonstration and ionospheric research objectives when it launched forty years ago.
    • Astrosat is India’s first dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory and one of the major scientific mission after the highly acclaimed Chandrayaan-I and Mangalyaan.

    Functions :-

    • AstroSat carries a suite of five instruments to make observations at optical, near-ultraviolet and x-ray wavelengths. Some of the scientific objectives of the satellite include understanding high energy processes in binary star systems containing neutron stars and black holes, studying star birth regions and high-energy processes in star systems lying beyond our galaxy, and detecting new briefly bright X-ray sources in the sky.
    • Up to now, Indian scientists can propose for observing time on X-ray telescopes launched by other countries. With the launch of Astrosat, we get our own telescope. Initially, Astrosat will be used completely by Indian scientists and the instrument building team. Eventually, some time will be available for foreign scientists as well.One of the unique features of Astrosat mission is that it enables the simultaneous multi-wavelength observations of various astronomical objects with a single satellite


    • Astrosat, the 1,513kg astronomy satellite with an expected operating lifetime of five years, will carry five payloads for simultaneous multi-band observations.
    • Institutions that were involved in payload development of the astronomy satellite include Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA) and Raman Research Institute. Two of the payloads were developed in collaboration with Canadian Space Agency and University of Leicester, UK.

    With the successful launch of this space observatory, India became member of select group of nations after the US, Japan, Russia and Europe having its own space observatory. This successful mission also marks the first ever commercial launch of United States (US) satellites from India.


  • G-4 countries issue Joint Statement on UNSC Reforms


    G-4 countries issue Joint Statement on UNSC Reforms


    • G-4 countries India, Japan, Germany and Brazil declared themselves as "legitimate" candidates for permanent membership of the UNSC and issued a Joint Statement on United Nations Security Council Reforms (UNSC).
    • The G-4 leaders stressed that a more representative, legitimate and effective Security Council is needed more than ever to address the global conflicts and crises, which had spiraled in recent years.
    • The Joint Statement on United Nations Security Council Reforms (UNSC) was issued after G-4 meeting held in New York,US which was called by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and was Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff, Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel and Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe.
    • The four nations pledged to work together with all member states and to accelerate outreach towards achieving an "early and meaningful reform" of the UNSC.
    • G-4 leaders strongly emphasized that the process underway in the UN to bring about the reform of the Security Council should be conducted, given its urgency, in a fixed timeframe. 
  • Expert panel to review civil services exams: Jitendra Singh 


    Expert panel to review civil services exams: Jitendra Singh


    • The government has constituted an expert committee to review the entire pattern, syllabus and eligibility criteria for civil services examination. The committee would be headed by the former IAS officer from Chhattisgarh cadre B.S. Baswan and shall consists of leading academicians, technocrats and senior bureaucrats of national repute.
    • Based on the report of the committee, further changes in the civil services exam pattern will be contemplated with the “primary objective of providing a level playing field to aspirants from diverse streams of curriculum like mathematics, engineering, medicine or humanities and at the same time, also ensuring that the youngsters who took up IAS as a career possess a genuine aptitude for administrative job
    • Till such time as the recommendations of the committee are received and the government subsequently takes a decision on the same the General Studies Paper-II (also known as CSAT) in the civil services preliminary examination will remain a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33 percent

    Background :- 

    Soon after the Narendra Modi government took over on 26 May, 2014, it was confronted with the demands from across the country for revisiting the pattern and syllabus of civil services examination. It was also being alleged that the present syllabus and pattern tended to benefit students from mathematics and engineering backgrounds

  • Abhinav Bindra wins Gold in Asian Air Gun Championships


    Abhinav Bindra wins Gold in Asian Air Gun Championships


    • Beijing Olympics champion Abhinav Bindra has clinched gold medal in the men’s 10 metre Air Rifle event of the Asian Air Gun Championships held in New Delhi.
    • Abhinav Bindra shot 208.3 to bag the top prize ahead of Kazakhstan’s world number eight Yurkov Yuriy (206.6) and Korea’s Yu Jaechul (185.3) on the first day of competition, at the Dr. Karni Singh Shooting Range.
    • In this event, India’s Gagan Narang was placed at fourth position with a score of 164.5 points. While another Indian, Chain Singh placed at seventh position of after notching up 122.7 points.

    India won the gold medal in the 10m air rifle team event too with Bindra, Narang and Chain Singh shooting a total of 1868.6. The Korean team of Kim Dajin, Yu Jaechul and Chain Singh (1859.1) finished second and Saudi Arabia’s Mesfer Abound Alammari, Faiz Anazi Ali and Mubarak Mesfer Aldawsari (1824.8) took the third spot.

    • Abhinav Bindra had won gold in 2008 Beijing Olympics in 10 metre Air Rifle event becoming first Indian to win individual gold in the prestigious games. Gagan Narang had won a bronze in the same event in 2012 London Olympics
  • September 27, World Tourism Day : India observed World Tourism Day (WTD) in a unique way


    September 27, World Tourism Day : India observed World Tourism Day (WTD) in a unique way


    Every year World Tourism Day (WTD) is observed on September 27 to raise awareness about the importance of tourism

    World Tourism Day (WTD) 2015 :-

    With this year's theme of 'One billion tourists, one billion opportunities', the World Tourism Day 2015 emphasizes the impact of the sector on economic growth, job creation and development, according to the UN World Tourism Organization.

    How India observed World Tourism Day (WTD) ?

    • The ministry of culture on Saturday announced free entry for tourists to nearly 200 ticketed monuments and museums across India except Bihar as a part of the World Tourism Day's celebration.
    • The monuments which will be free for entry include 116 national monuments like Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Qutub Minar, Red Fort and 35 museum sites under the ASI. 
    • The Union tourism ministry in July said the foreign tourist arrivals (FTAs) in India have registered a 1.8 percent growth compared to June last year, with the US contributing the highest number of tourists.
    • Foreign Tourist Arrivals (FTAs) were registered as 5.13 lakh in June 2015, compared to 5.05 lakh during the same period in 2014, September 27 has been globally recognized by the UN as World Tourism Day since 1980.

    United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) :-

    • The United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is the United Nations agency responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism.
    • It is the leading international organization in the field of tourism, which promotes tourism as a driver of economic growth, inclusive development and environmental sustainability and offers leadership and support to the sector in advancing knowledge and tourism policies worldwide.
    • UNWTO generates market knowledge, promotes competitive and sustainable tourism policies and instruments, fosters tourism education and training, and works to make tourism an effective tool for development through technical assistance projects in over 100 countries around the world.



2nd Aug

Exam Date : 02-08-2016

Exam Time : 07:15:00

Ques/Time : 6/5 min


Exam Date : 01-08-2016

Exam Time : 06:00:00

Ques/Time : 8/5 min

Todays test

Exam Date : 22-07-2016

Exam Time : 05:10:00

Ques/Time : 3/5 min