Current Affairs, News & Facts of 28 May 2016

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  • China signs deals with Sudan to build nuclear reactor

    China signs deals with Sudan to build nuclear reactorChina National Nuclear Corp (CNNC) has signed two framework deals with Sudan, its close ally in Africa to build 600-megawatt (MW) atomic reactor the first of its kind in the country.

    The agreements were signed during a three-day visit to Sudan by a Chinese delegation led by Nur Bekri, head of the National Energy Administration and deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission.

    Facts about the agreements :

    The agreements may involve a blueprint for nuclear power development in the next ten years for Sudan and building the first nuclear power station in Sudan.The contract value or the type of nuclear technology to be used for the reactor was not disclosed.

    With the world’s largest number of reactors under construction, China is looking to popularise nuclear technology at home and abroad and plans to develop the experience into nuclear exports.

    Chinese nuclear companies are making huge inroads in global nuclear markets, including Britain and Argentina. Earlier CNNC had clinched deals with Argentina to build two nuclear reactors. CGN, another domestic energy giant, has partnered with Electricite de France to build 3 reactors in Britain. 

    China already is having a long standing nuclear cooperation with Pakistan as it has built several nuclear power reactors and is currently building two 1100 mw reactors in Karachi.

  • Sex ratio improves in Haryana for 1st time in 10 years

    For the first time in 10 years, sex ratio in Haryana has shown an upward trend, crossing the 900-mark with 903 girls per 1,000 boys.

    The chief minister credited the improvement of the sex ratio to the state's multi-pronged strategy implemented under the "Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao" campaign launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

    Earlier Haryana has had the dubious record of being the worst among states in sex ratio with just 879 females per 1,000 males. 

    While 12 districts have recorded sex ratio above the 900 mark in December 2015, district Sirsa tops the list with sex ratio of 999 girls per 1,000 boys.

    A big nexus of quacks, health workers, touts and registered medical practitioners, were busted by Sirsa police with the help of the health department. Out of the 100 worst districts in India for sex ratio, Haryana accounts for 12 districts.

  • HC stays quota for Jats, five other communities

    The Punjab and Haryana High Court has stayed the reservation for Jats and five other communities— Jat Sikhs, Muslim Jats, Bishnois, Rors and Tyagis —  provided by the Haryana government under a newly carved Backward Classes (C) category as per provisions of Backward Classes (Reservation in Services and Admission in Educational Institutions) Act, 2016. 

    Facts to know :

    The High Court passed the order after hearing a petition filed by Murari Lal Gupta of Bhiwani, challenging the constitutional validity of The Haryana Backward Classes (reservation in services and admission in educational institutions) Act 2016 that was passed unanimously by the State Assembly on March 29.

    Earlier the Supreme Court also had ruled that Jats could not be treated as backward, the state assembly had no right to pass the law. The Supreme Court, in the case of Ram Singh and others versus the Union of India, had held that Jats were not backward socially, educationally and politically.

    Constitutional background : The act provided 10 per cent quota in government jobs and educational institutions, and 6 per cent in Class I and II posts, was provided in exclusion to the already notified 27 per cent quota for Backward Classes (Block ­A and B) and 10 per cent to Economically Backward Persons. Thus, it had violated the reservation ceiling of 50 per cent imposed by the Supreme Court.

  • Indian-American scientist wins Springer Theses Award

    Arnab De - an  Indian-American scientist has received the prestigious Springer Theses Award in recognition for his outstanding research in which he developed transgenic mice to study a critical tumor-suppressor called A20.

    His thesis was nominated by New York's Columbia University. Prior to this he has also developed peptide-based prodrugs as therapeutics for diabetes and received the Young Investigator Award at the American Peptide Symposium.

    Thesis prize :

    The thesis prize is awarded by Springer, a leading global publisher of renowned scientific journals and books, to recognize outstanding PhD research.

    Internationally top-ranked research institutes select their best thesis annually for publication in the book series: "Springer Theses: Recognizing Outstanding PhD research". The winners also get a cash prize of 500 euros.

  • IAF test-fires land-attack version of BrahMos

    The Indian Air Force successfully test fired a land-attack version of the supersonic cruise missile, BrahMos, against a land-based target from a defence base in the western sector. It destroyed the designated target with accuracy.

    The flight-trial met its mission parameters as the missile and has proved its mettle once again as the best supersonic cruise missile system in the world.

    It should be noted that its accuracy in mountain warfare mode was re-established during a campaign by the Army in the eastern sector last year.

    All ground tests have been completed and now the IAF is preparing to fire the air version of BrahMos from its Sukhoi-30 MKI fighter aircraft in the coming weeks.

    The IAF had deployed the missile in the border areas to attack enemy’s communication towers, runways, and radar in case of a conflict.

  • Barack Obama becomes first US president to visit Hiroshima bomb site

    Barack Obama becomes first US president to visit Hiroshima bomb siteBarack Obama became the first incumbent U.S. president to visit Hiroshima, the site of the world's first atomic bomb attack, which demonstrated that mankind possessed the means to destroy itself.

    The United States, with the consent of the United Kingdom as laid down in the Quebec Agreement, dropped nuclear weapons on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and August 9, 1945 killing around  140,000 people including a dozen captured American airmen and thousands of forced laborers from Korea.

    In the guest book of the memorial President Obama wrote “We have known the agony of war. Let us now find the courage, together, to spread peace, and pursue a world without nuclear weapons.”

    However Mr. Obama offered no apology for the bombings, which is viewed by many in the US as having hastened the end of World War II; others have called it a war crime that targeted civilians.

  • Bharti Enterprises founder Sunil Mittal receives Harvard Alumni award

    Enterprises founder and Chairman Sunil Bharti Mittal (58) has received this year's Harvard Business School Alumni Achievement Award. 

    Facts about Sunil Mittal : 

    Sunil Bharti Mittal born 23 October 1957 in  Punjabi Aggarwal Family started his first business in April 1976 at the age of 18, with a capital investment of Rs. 20000 borrowed from his father.

    In 1984, he started assembling push-button phones in India later Bharti Telecom Limited (BTL) was incorporated and entered into a technical tie up with Siemens AG of Germany for manufacture of electronic push button phones. He named his first push-button phones as 'Mitbrau'.

    Today Bharti Airtel which operates in 20 countries across Asia and Africa has customer base of over 275 million. It is India’s largest telecom company and world’s third largest mobile operator. 

    Sunil Bharti Mittal is listed as the eight richest person in India by Forbes with a Net worth of 7 billion dollars. In 2007, he was awarded the Padma Bhushan, India’s third highest civilian honour.

  • Noted Marathi literary critic R G Jadhav passes away

    Noted Marathi literary critic R G Jadhav passes awayNoted Marathi critic and litterateur R G Jadhav  passed away at his residence in Pune, Maharashtra following prolonged illness.

    He was 83. He presided over Marathi Sahitya Sammelan held at Aurangabad in 2004 and worked as chief editor of Marathi Vishwakosha between 2000 and 2002.

    Facts about R G Jadhav :

    Recipient of many awards, Jadhav penned more than 45 books, including Anandacha Doh (a study of saint Tukaram), Nilee Pahat (a critique of Dalit literature) and Bapu (a collection of 91 reflective poems on Mahatma Gandhi).

    Born on August 24, 1932, at Vadodara in Gujarat, Jadhav served as a professor of Marathi literature in various colleges, including one in Amravati, Elphinstone College in Mumbai, and also at Milind College in Aurangabad.

    He was also associated with Sadhana Trust and worked with rationalist and anti-superstition crusader Dr Narendra Dabholkar who was killed in August 2013. 

  • Centre's nod for NIMZ in Odisha

    Centre's nod for NIMZ in OdishaThe central government has given its final approval for the proposed National Investment Manufacturing Zone ( NIMZ) to be developed at a cost of Rs 10,000 crore at Kalinganagar, Odisha. 

    It will come up on a massive area of 163 square kilometres will an allocated budget of Rs 4000 crore.

    Idco (Odisha Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation), the state's agency for land acquisition and infrastructure development, is the nodal agency for implementation of the project.

    The NIMZ is expected to attract investment of Rs 1.5 lakh crore and generate an employment for 450,000 people after its completion.

    The manufacturing zone is expected to attract investment from varied sectors like metal and mines, automotive, steel and downstream industries.

  • Anurag Thakur unanimously elected BCCI President

    Anurag Thakur (41) was unanimously elected as BCCI President in the board's Special General Meeting (SGM) held in Mumbai.

    He will be replacing Shashank Manohar who stepped down from the position to get elected as ICC’s first independent chairman. 

    He is 34th BCCI President and shall have tenure till September 2017. Thakur is the second youngest BCCI President after Fateh Singh Gaekwad who was the youngest BCCI President to get elected at the age of 33 in 1963.

    The Maharashtra Cricket Association chief and business magnate Shirke was named as successor of Thakur as BCCI Secretary. Shrike will represent BCCI at the chief executives committee meetings of the ICC.

  • President appoints Kiran Bedi as Lieutenant Governor of Puducherry 

    President Pranab Mukherjee has appointed  BJP leader and former IPS officer Kiran Bedi as the Lieutenant Governor (LG) of Puducherry, a post that has been vacant for the past two years after the Union Government had sacked Virendra Kataria from the post in July 2014.

    Facts about Kiran Bedi

    Kiran Bedi born 9 June 1949 in Amritsar, Punjab was the first woman to join the Indian Police Service (IPS) in 1972. She remained in service for 35 years before taking voluntary retirement in 2007 as Director General, Bureau of Police Research and Development.

    She started her career as an Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP) in Chanakyapuri area of Delhi, and won the President's Police Medal in 1979.In her service she also had served in Delhi, Goa, Chandigarh and Mizoram.

    As DCP of North Delhi, she launched a campaign against drug abuse, which evolved into the Navjyoti Delhi Police Foundation (renamed to Navjyoti India Foundation in 2007).

    In May 1993, she was posted to the Delhi Prisons as Inspector General (IG). She introduced several reforms at Tihar Jail, which gained worldwide acclaim and won her the Ramon Magsaysay Award in 1994.

  • Ratan P Watal, appointed as Niti Aayog's Principal Adviser

    Former Finance Secretary, Ratan P Watal has been appointed as the Principle Adviser for social sector in Niti Aayog. He has been appointed to the post for three years.

    His appointment omes a fortnight after his two-month extended tenure ended in April. He was to retire in February. However, Watal later got a two-month extension as the Finance Secretary. 

    Watal is a retired IAS officer of Andhra Pradesh cadre, had been Finance Secretary between August last year and April this year.


2nd Aug

Exam Date : 02-08-2016

Exam Time : 07:15:00

Ques/Time : 6/5 min


Exam Date : 01-08-2016

Exam Time : 06:00:00

Ques/Time : 8/5 min

Todays test

Exam Date : 22-07-2016

Exam Time : 05:10:00

Ques/Time : 3/5 min