Current Affairs, News & Facts of 22 Sep 2015

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  • Rajasthan Assembly passes 3 Important bills


    Rajasthan Assembly passes 3 Important bills


    On Monday The Rajasthan Assembly pass three Important bills  Prisons (Amendment) Bill, Rajasthan Police (Amendment) Bill and Rajasthan Vexatious Litigation (Prevention) Bill.

    Rajasthan Vexatious Litigation (Prevention) Bill :-

    • Rajasthan Assembly passed the Rajasthan Vexation Litigation Prevention Bill, 2015 by  voice vote. The objective of the bill is to prevent filing of baseless cases and to check the misuse of law for personal benefits. 
    • It covers both civil and criminal cases in the high court and subordinate courts. With this Rajasthan became the fifth state in India after Maharashtra, Gujarat, Goa and Madhya Pradesh to pass such legislation.

    What is Vexatious Litigation ?

    • Vexatious litigation is legal action which is brought, regardless of its merits, solely to harass or subdue an adversary. It may take the form of a primary frivolous lawsuit 
    • or may be the repetitive, burdensome, and unwarranted filing of meritless motions in a matter which is otherwise a meritorious cause of action. Filing vexatious litigation is considered an abuse of the judicial process and may result in sanctions against the offender.

    Need for passing Rajasthan Vexatious Litigation (Prevention) Bill ?

    • The tendency to file vexatious litigation was increasing. The courts have shown their anguish by imposing heavy costs on vexatious litigants. These litigants persistently file baseless cases and misuse the process of law to settle personal scores. Besides harassing the innocent, these also put strain on the already overburdened judicial system. Over 2.28 lakh cases are presently pending in the Rajasthan High Court, and almost 10-15 percent fall under this category.

    Prisons (Amendment) Bill, 2015:-

    • The Prison (Amendment) Bill is aimed at improving the efficiency of prisons and checking violence and gang wars. Prison bill provides for stricter arrangements when a prisoner is taken to court. Prisoners on parole who do not present themselves in front of the designated officers will face additional punishment. 

    Rajasthan Police (Amendment) Bill, 2015:-

    • Rajasthan Police (Amendment) Bill provides for a fine of Rs 500 for anyone who creates a nuisance on the road and obstructs or injures a person or property. For the second incidence, the fine will be Rs 5,000 and for the third incidence Rs 10,000 and eight days’ jail. 
  • CVRDE Director, P Sivakumar elevated as Distinguished Scientist


    CVRDE Director, P Sivakumar elevated as Distinguished Scientist


    • Director of Combat Vehicles Researchand Development Establishment, Avadi, P Sivakumar has been elevated as "Distinguished Scientist" with immediate effect by the Defence Ministry in recognition to his services.
    • Sivakumar has been promoted as Distinguished Scientist in recognition of his dedication and diligence in self-reliance effort for defence combat vehicle systems and sub-systems.
    • Sivakumar was involved in development of various products, including the Arjun MBT Mark-II, Carrier Command Post Tracked Vehicle, unmanned ground vehicles. 
    • Sivakumar was also a fellow of National Academy of Engineering and has been awarded with Scientist of the Year Award 2010 of DRDO for his active role in the Arjun MBT project management
  • Sherif Ismail sworn-in as Prime Minister of Egypt


    Sherif Ismail sworn-in as Prime Minister of Egypt


    • Former Egyptian oil minister Sherif Ismail has been sworn-in as the new Prime Minister of Egypt. He was administered oath to the office by President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi.
    • Sherif Ismail will replace Ibrahim Mehleb who had resigned from office following a corruption scandal involving his cabinet minister. Along with Sherif Ismail, 33 ministers of his Cabinet also sworn-in which includes 16 new faces and three women
    • Ismail is an engineer by profession  and had earlier worked as Chairman of Egypt government owned oil holding company, Ganoub El Wadi Petroleum Holding Company (GANOPE).
    • Egypt has been without a legislature for three years. In its absence, Sisi holds legislative authority and has passed dozens of laws by decree. Sisi has also restructured the Cabinet, merging several ministries and forming a new body responsible for immigration.
    • The new cabinet was sworn in as Egypt is preparing for a long-delayed parliamentary election in October. Electing a new parliament, which Sisi promised to be completed by end of 2015, is the final phase of a three-stage road-map, including the presidential election and the new constitution announced by Sisi on the removal of former Islamist President Mohamed Morsi in early July 2013.
  • International Day of Peace, 21 September


    International Day of Peace, 21 September


    Each year the International Day of Peace is observed around the world on 21 September. The General Assembly has declared this as a day devoted to strengthening the ideals of peace, both within and among all nations and peoples. It is remembered as a day devoted to strengthen the ideals of peace. The theme for the year 2015 is Partnerships for Peace- Dignity for All.

    About International Day of Peace :-

    • The International Day of Peace was established in 1981 by a passage of resolution 36/67 of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). The first Peace Day was observed in September 1982.
    • This day coincides with its opening session of UNGA which usually held annually on the third Tuesday of September.
    • In 2001, the General Assembly by unanimous vote adopted resolution 55/282, which established 21 September as an annual day of non-violence and cease-fire.
  • India-Pakistan Flag Meeting decides to defuse situation on LoC


    India-Pakistan Flag Meeting decides to defuse situation on LoC


    • India and Pakistan have agreed to exercise restraint and work on defusing tensions along the Line of Control (LoC) at a flag meeting between senior army officers of the two countries in Poonch in Jammu and Kashmir.
    • In this meeting Indian side was represented by Brigadier H S Sareen while the Pakistani side was led by Brigadier Osman. Both sides have understood the importance of exercising restraint and have decided to take steps to defuse the situation.
    • This is the first Brigadier-level Flag Meeting held after some 20 days of heavy shelling by Pakistan’s troops along the LoC in Poonch district, causing strain in the already-tenuous relationship between the two neighbours. Indian officials accuse Pakistan’s troops of violating ceasefire 25 times in September alone.
    • The last Brigade Commander level meeting was held on September 4, 2014, after 45 days of firing — the heaviest since 1971 — by Pakistan. On Sunday, BSF officer ASI Sohan was killed in one such shelling in which Pakistan attacked their post in Manjakotr along the LoC in Rajouri district.
  • Indian Wushu team wins 12 medals in International Tournament


    Indian Wushu team wins 12 medals in International Tournament


    • Most of us know about cricket, tennis, hockey and many other popular games but very few of us have heard of  Wushu although Wushu has consistently made the country proud.The Indian wushu team fetched a rich haul of one gold, four silver and seven bronze medals at the 5th International Pars Wushu Cup in Tehran.
    • L Budhachandra Singh secured a gold medal in the 56 kg category, after defeating Masood Ansari from Iran in the final. Mukesh Choudhary lost his final to 2014 Asian Games gold medallist, Mohsen Seifi and Rajani Deori lost to crowd favourite Sajan Abbasi in the final. 
    • In the last edition, the Indian team won two silver and three bronze medals in the tournament at Zenjan, Iran. Nineteen teams from 18 countries took part in this championship.
  • Richie Richardson inducted in ICC match referees panel


    Richie Richardson inducted in ICC match referees panel

    • Former West Indies captain Richie Richardson has been inducted into the Elite Panel of ICC Match Referees, replacing Sri Lanka's Roshan Mahanama who stepped down last week. 
    • Mr. Richardson will take over the match referee’s role after he has finished his current assignment as the West Indies cricket team manager, which will end with the Sydney Test against Australia starting on January 3, 2016.
    • Richardson, 53, represented the West Indies in 86 Tests and 224 One-Day Internationals from 1983 to 1996 in which he scored 5,949 and 6,248 runs, respectively.
    • He captained his side in 24 Tests and 87 ODIs. He played in the ICC Cricket World Cup in 1987, 1992 and 1996. He has been the West Indies cricket team manager since January 2011.

    Elite Panel of ICC Match Referees includes :- David Boon, Chris Broad, Jeff Crowe, Ranjan Madugalle, Andy Pycroft, Richie Richardson and Javagal Srinath.

  • Ola to invest $20 million on safety initiatives this year


    Ola to invest $20 million on safety initiatives this year


    • Taxi-hailing app Ola will invest 20 million USD  (more than Rs 130 crore) by March, 2016 on various initiatives to ensure passenger safety. Ola has also introduced a new number masking feature on its app that does not disclose the customer's mobile number to drivers.
    • While the number masking feature will reduce the risk of any untoward experience for passengers, driver-partners can save on their calling costs. 
    • Apart from number masking, Ola platform offers features like live GPS tracking, sharing of ride details, feedback and reporting during the ride as well as an in-app SOS button to ensure passenger safety. 
    • All driver-partners on the Ola platform are verified and licenced by the local authorities. They have to necessarily undergo the mandatory training at the time of on-boarding and subsequent feedback driven training from time to time.
  • BPCL all set to start work on Rs.5000-crore project


    BPCL all set to start work on Rs.5000-crore project

    • State-run oil refiner Bharat Petroleum Corporation (BPCL) is all set to start work on the petrochemicals complex in Kochi. BPCL has got all green clearances required for the project and also secured a Rs 4,000-crore loan commitment from State Bank of India.
    • BPCL has got all permissions from the Union environmental ministry and other regulatory authorities for the Rs 5,000-crore petrochemicals complex in Kochi and hopes to resume work and complete it as per schedule in 2018.
    • The upcoming petchem facility, adjacent to its Kochi refinery, once completed will produce 250 million tonne speciality propylene derivative products, which are fully imported now.
    • The upcoming  petrochemical facility, adjacent to its Kochi refinery, once completed will produce 250 million tonne speciality propylene derivative products, which are fully imported now.
    • The Kochi refinery currently produces petrochemical feed stocks such as benzene, toluene and propylene but after expansion and technology upgrade, it will be able to process Euro V petrol and diesel
  • Government plans new body to crack down on child pornography


    Government plans new body to crack down on child pornography


    • Tackling child pornography and online abuse will be the top priority of a highly sophisticated centre to be set up by the government to deal with cybercrime.
    • This initiative comes after an expert committee constituted to prepare a roadmap for effectively tackling cybercrime submitted its report to the Home Ministry.
    • The committee recommended that there is a need to drastically reduce crimes against children and women, especially online abuse.
    • The committee also said that "These kinds of content and websites need to be monitored and blocked. The supporting laws need to be strengthened, parents need to be educated to monitor children's activities in cyberspace and educate children about good cyber behaviour,"
    • A Rs. 400-crore cybercrime control hub, to be called 'Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre' (IC4), will be set up to check all cybercrime, including child pornography and online abuse, as per the recommendations of the committee. IC4 should provide all necessary technical assistance to CBI and state police on all cybercrime related issues
    • An Advance Application for Social Media Analytics may also come up to monitor social media platforms' activities related to Ministries of Home, External Affairs, Defence and other government organisations
    • The Supreme Court too had pulled up the government for not doing much to check child pornography. There has been almost 40 percent annual increase in cybercrimes registered in the country during the past two-three years, according to an official estimate.

2nd Aug

Exam Date : 02-08-2016

Exam Time : 07:15:00

Ques/Time : 6/5 min


Exam Date : 01-08-2016

Exam Time : 06:00:00

Ques/Time : 8/5 min

Todays test

Exam Date : 22-07-2016

Exam Time : 05:10:00

Ques/Time : 3/5 min