Current Affairs, News & Facts of 22 Dec 2015

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  • Defence ministry launches website to make defence acquisition process simpler and transparent

     

    Defence ministry launches website to make defence acquisition process simpler and transparent

    Seeking to make defence acquisition process simpler and transparent, Union Ministry of Defence has launched a new Make in India website www.makeinindiadefence.com  that will provide an interface with industry and promised to finalise the new revised defence procurement procedure by January.

    The website was launched by Union Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar in New Delhi. It was launched in line with Union Government’s ambitious goal in the process of creating a level playing field with more transparency in defence sector procurements.

    Key features of the portal :

    • Website (www.makeinindiadefence.com) would act as an enabler for the industry to get the latest news and notification regarding various aspects of the defence production.
    • The portal will provide information related to all policy and procedural issues relevant for defence manufacturing industry. It will provide link to industrial promotion policies and programmes of various states and union territories. 
    • The portal also gives an opportunity to an individual company to seek clarifications or ask questions, which according to the Defence Ministry officials would be answered within three working days.

    The much awaited new Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) is in the final stages of finalisation and will be declared by January 2016. The new Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) will focus on ‘Make in India’ and aims to have 40 per cent of defence procurement under ‘Make in India’ initiative from the current 30 per cent and raising it to 70 per cent indigenisation in the next five years.

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  • Spain’s ruling conservative People’s Party topped 2015 general election

     

    Spain’s ruling conservative People’s Party topped 2015 general election

    The ruling Conservative People's Party (PP) of  Spain  led by Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy has won the 2015 general election of the country. In the 2015 general elections of Spain PP won the 123 seats by securing in the lower house of the 350-member Parliament and securing 28.7 percent vote share. It fall 54 short of the 176 seats needed for an absolute majority. The Socialists came second, with 90 seats and 22% of the vote.

    The People’s Party will have to form a coalition government with support of other political parties to govern for another four-year term. Two new parties could now hold the balance of power in a future coalition government: the anti-austerity Podemos won 69 seats, the centrist Ciudadanos 40.

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  • PM Modi flags off electric bus for MPs

     

    PM Modi flags off electric bus for MPs

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi flagged off first prototype pollution free electric bus for Members of Parliament.The bus powered by battery has been  gifted by the Road Transport and Highways Ministry to Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan, to ferry MPs at Parliament. The bus has been named as  'Go Green' bus.

    Key facts about  'Go Green' bus :

    • 'Go Green' bus is a 15-seater battery powered bus coloured in green and blue. The bus is a collaborative effort between the Union Transport Ministry and Pune-based technology company KPIT
    • The bus is powered by lithium battery developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and is very economical.  A diesel bus produces 300 kg carbon monoxide, 600 kg of nitrous oxide and 12 kg of particulate matter annually while electric bus is pollution free.
    • The noiseless bus can save carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions up to 48,000 kg a year. That’s equal to planting 2400 plants annually and will also save diesel worth Rs. 10 lakh a year.

    India wants to manufacture high-powered batteries at affordable prices as at present only imported Lithium Ion (Li-Ion) batteries are used in such buses. Transport ministry has decided to convert at least a dozen city buses to electric ones and thereby take steps to check air pollution.

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  • Cochin Shipyard becomes the first shipyard in India to make LNG ships

     

    Cochin Shipyard becomes the first shipyard in India to make LNG ships

    India has joined select club nations to build Liquefied natural gas (LNG) ships as state owned Cochin Shipyard has been granted licence by French company Gaztransport and Technigaz (GTT) to use the membrane technology for construction of LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) carriers for any client world-wide, making it the first shipyard in India to get the nod, joining the league of South Korea, Japan and China.

    The Cochin Shipyard Limited (CSL) signed a licence agreement with GTT in the presence of Union Minister for Shipping Nitin Gadkari in New Delhi. The agreement has made CSL the first Indian Company to be licensed to build LNG vessels. Construction of LNG vessels is likely to start next year.

    Key facts about LNG ships :

    • The French company Gaztransport and Technigaz (GTT) holds patented technology for building LNG ships. No Indian shipyard has made LNG carrier yet, which costs over USD 200 million (around Rs 1,326 crore).
    • LNG carriers and tanks designed with GTT containment systems are used for carrying and storing liquefied gases like LPG and ethylene. GTT licenses its technology to shipyards and contractors.
    • LNG vessels are very complex ships, and only a few shipyards world over have the capability to build these ships.The most critical aspect of an LNG ship is its cryogenic containment and handling system as the LNG is carried at a temperature of -163 degrees.
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  • Mireia Lalaguna Royo of Spain wins Miss World 2015 title

     

    Mireia Lalaguna Royo of Spain wins Miss World 2015 title

    Mireia Lalaguna Royo of Spain has been announced as the winner of 2015 Miss World pageant. By winning this title she became the 65th Miss World. Royo was passed on the crown by last year's winner Rolene Strauss of South Africa. The 65th Miss World pageant took place at the Crown of Beauty Theatre in Sanya, China.

    Mireia Lalaguna, 23-year-old  Spanish Model who won 2015 Miss World pageant comes from Barcelona and is currently studying pharmacy and wants to do a MA in Nutrition.

    Top three winners of Miss World 2015 contest :

    • 1st place - Spain
    • 2nd place - Russia
    • 3rd place - Indonesia

    Previous Miss World's  :

    • South Africa: Rolene Strauss (2014) 
    • Philippines : Megan Young (2013)
    • China PR :    Yu Wenxia (2012)

    Indian Miss World's :

    •  Aishwarya Rai - 1994
    • Diana Hayden- 1997
    • Yukta Mookhey- 1999
    • Priyanka Chopra- 2000

    The Miss World pageant is the oldest surviving major international beauty pageant. It was created in the United Kingdom by Eric Morley in 1951. Since his death in 2000, Morley's widow, Julia Morley, has co-chaired the pageant. Traditionally, Miss World lives in London during her reign.

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  • Highest ever farmer suicides in Maharashtra since 2001

     

    Highest ever farmer suicides in Maharashtra since 2001

    About 2,590 farmers from across Maharashtra have committed suicide from January to October 2015, the highest number of suicides since 2001. Data of last two months is yet to be compiled. In 2006, 2,376 farmers had ended their lives. Last week, Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis announced Rs 10,512 crore package for Maharashtra’s farmers but refused to declare a complete loan waiver.

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