Current Affairs, News & Facts of 21 Sep 2015

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  • Nepal adopts first democratic Constitution


    Nepal adopts first democratic Constitution


    • Sunday was a historic day for nepal that has seen war, a palace massacre and devastating earthquakes since a campaign to create a modern state began as it adopted its first democratic Constitution on Sunday.
    • The lawmakers of Constituent Assembly from Nepali Congress, Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) and UCPN- Maoist supported the new constitution.
    • The new Constitution was unveiled by Nepalese President Ram Baran Yadav at a special ceremony held in Parliament at Kathmandu. It is Nepal’s seventh Constitution in 67 years. The previous four constitutions were enacted in 1959, 1962, 1990 and 1999.
    • The Constitution marked the country’s transition to a secular and democratic republic from a Hindu monarchy, but at least 60 representatives belonging to Madhes-centric parties and indigenous groups, or Janjatis, boycotted the event calling it a “farce” that denied them their rights. 
    • The new Constitution creates seven states in a secular, federal system, but is opposed by some groups who wanted to re-establish Nepal as a Hindu nation, and others who feel it is unfavourable to people in the plains, near India.
    • The new Constitution has 37 divisions, 304 articles and seven annexes.The seven provinces will be finalised by a high-level commission within a year. 
    • The new Constitution has been drafted by second Constituent Assembly which was elected in 2013. Chairman of CA was Subash Nemwang.
    • The first Constituent Assembly established 2008 after the abolishment of the Himalayan country’s 240-year-old Hindu monarchy was not able to finish its task despite four extensions.


  • Urdu scholar Shamim Hanfi awarded Jnangarima Manad Alankaran award


    Urdu scholar Shamim Hanfi awarded Jnangarima Manad Alankaran award


    • Eminent Urdu litterateur Shamim Hanfi was conferred the Jnangarima Manad Alankaran by Bharatiya Jnanpith at his residence
    • The award was announced at the annual 'Kavita Samay' - an evening of poetry recitation by authors in both Hindi and Urdu, organised by the institution in August this year to commemorate 70 years of the institution.
    • Leeladhar Mandloi, Director, Bharatiya Jnanpith, Moortidevi laureate Vishwanath Tripathi and Jnanpith laureate Kedarnath Singh were among others were present at the informal award giving ceremony. 

    About Shamim Hanfi:-

    • Shamim Hanfi hails originally from Sultanpur in Uttar Pradesh, Hanif moved to Allahabad to pursue his higher studies, where he met Firaq Gorakhpuri, one of the most celebrated contemporary Urdu poets, who eventually also became his mentor. 
    • The Urdu scholar is best known for his books on criticism like "Jadidiyat ki Falsafiyani Asas," "Ghazal Ka Naya Manzarnama" and "Infiradi Shaoor aur Ijtemai Zindagi." 
    • Shamim Hanfi has served as a faculty member in Aligarh Muslim University for a brief period of time before joining Jamia Millia Islamia, from where he resigned as the Dean of Humanities and Languages department in 2012. 

    About Jnangarima Manad Alankaran award :-

    • Jnangarima Manad Alankaran award recognises the contribution of writers in Indian languages. The  award carries Saraswati statue, a silver citation and a shawl. The recipient is given stipend of 11,000 rupees per month from the institution.

    About Bharatiya Jnanpith :-

    • Bharatiya Jnanpith was founded in 1944 to undertake systematic research and publication of Sanskrit, Prakrit, Pali and Apabhramsha texts and covers subjects like religion, philosophy, logic, ethics, grammar, astrology and poetics. 
    • It annually publishes books in Hindi (both original and translated works) and other languages, and also presents the literary awards, Jnanpith Awards and Moortidevi Award, besides awards for upcoming writers.


  • China launches new, smaller type of carrier rocket


    China launches new, smaller type of carrier rocket


    On Sunday China successfully launched a new, smaller type of rocket from its "Long March" family as part of the country’s space program. It was launched from the base in the Northern Province of Shanxi and was carrying 20 micro satellites into the space

    The Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology, who designed the rocket alongside the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, claim that it is China's first carrier rocket that uses fuel free of toxicity and pollution due to its liquid oxygen and kerosene propellant.

    Key Facts about Long March-6 :-

    • Long March-6 is 29.3 meter in length and is smallest version of carrier rocket in the Long March family. It is capable of taking satellites into the orbit at an altitude of 700 kilometers with carrying capacity of one ton of payload.
    • Long March-6 rocket will make China more competitive in the lucrative market for commercial satellite launches and significantly improve its ability to access space
    • China launches its own satellites as it continues to build a homegrown navigation system, but also carries out launches for other countries and commercial companies. 
    • China's "Long March" rocket family is named after an epic journey by Communist forces escaping the then ruling Kuomintang in the 1930s.

    Other space achievements of China :-

    • In 2013, China landed a rover dubbed Yutu on the moon, making it only the third nation after the United States and Soviet Union to land on the Earth's natural satellite. 
    • China completed its first return mission to the moon last year with an unmanned probe landing successfully back on Earth.
  • Ajay Jayaram wins silver medal in 2015 Korea Open Badminton tournament  


    Ajay Jayaram wins silver medal in 2015 Korea Open Badminton tournament

    • Indian shuttler Ajay Jayaram has won silver medal in 2015 Korea Open Badminton tournament in the Men’s singles category. In the final match played at Seoul, he lost to World no. one Cheng Long of China by 14-21, 12-21 score settling to silver medal.
    • It was Cheng Long’s sixth trophy of the season and second Korea Open Badminton tournament after he had won in 2014. Ajay Jayaram is currently ranked 32nd in the world. Earlier in the Korea Open tournament, he had defeated Viktor Axelsen of Denmark and Chou Tien Chen of Chinese Taipei on his way to the Final.
  • BCCI President Jagmohan Dalmiya passes away


    BCCI President Jagmohan Dalmiya passes away


    • Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) president Jagmohan Dalmiya, 75, passed away in in Kolkata, West Bengal
    • Mr. Dalmiya was hospitalised on Thursday evening after he complained of chest pain. An angioplasty was performed and he remained ‘stable’ for the next three days, before his condition worsened.
    • Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) president Jagmohan Dalmiya, is hailed as the architect for the rise of Cricket in India and its financial superpower.

    His career as a cricket administrator :-

    • He was involved with the BCCI for more than three decades, starting his journey as its treasurer in 1983 before becoming its secretary.
    • He became president of the International Cricket Council in 1997 and held the post till 2000. He became BCCI president in 2001 and continued till 2004. He was instrumental in organising the World Cups in 1987 and 1996
    • Dalmiya played a major role in helping BCCI to emerge as the wealthiest cricket board in the world, with the lifestyles of India's leading cricketers being transformed
    • His stint as the first Asian head of the ICC marked a shift in the game's balance of power from the old superpowers, England and Australia, towards Asia, particularly India.



  • Japanese lawmakers passes 2 Security laws towards greater overseas role for military


    Japanese lawmakers passes 2 Security laws towards greater overseas role for military


    • Japan's upper chamber of Parliament approved controversial bills allowing the country's military to engage in overseas combat for the first time since the creation of its post-war military in 1954. The bills already have been approved by Parliament’s lower house and it was voted into law by the Upper Chamber on 19 September 2015.
    • Tokyo has faced growing international pressure to expand the role of its military, including deployment, to defend the interests of its key allies, including the United States. America is bound by treaty to defend Japan, an agreement that has been in place since 1960.

    Key facts of the legislation :-

    • For the first time in 70 years, the new laws will give the government the power to send the military into overseas conflicts to defend allies, even if Japan itself is not under attack.
    • But the legislation has triggered massive protests from ordinary citizens and others who say it violates the pacifist constitution and could ensnare Japan in US-led conflicts after 70 years of post-war peace.
    • Japan's prime minister Shinzo Abe said "The legislation is necessary to protect the people's lives and peaceful way of living and is for the purpose of preventing wars"
    • United States which is Japan's ally welcomed the legislation but China, where bitter memories of Japan's wartime aggression run deep, repeatedly expressed concern about the legislation.
    • The legislation reinterprets Article 9 of the Japan's pacifist post-World War II constitution, which outlaws war as a means of settling international disputes. The reinterpretation will now allow the Japanese military, known as the Self-Defense Forces, to defend its allies in a limited role in conflicts abroad.
    • The new security laws allow Japanese troops to fight abroad in case of collective self-defence or Japan’s survival is threatened. It will also give fillip to defence expenditure and industry of Japan which is presently 9th largest country in terms of defence expenditure.
  •  Tamil Nadu CM Jayalalithaa inaugurates butterfly park


     Tamil Nadu CM Jayalalithaa inaugurates butterfly park


    • Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa has inaugurated a butterfly park in line to the several moves taken by the state govt. to attract tourist arrivals.
    • The park has been constructed at an estimated cost of 4 crore Rupees over 6.7 acres of land at the Arignar Anna Zoological Park at suburban Vandalur.
    • It has a slew of features, including 200 species of plants and trees, and will have a conducive atmosphere for the butterflies
  • Bank of Baroda bags first prize under Rajbhasha Kirti Purashar Scheme  


     Tamil Nadu CM Jayalalithaa inaugurates butterfly park


    • The Bank of Baroda has been conferred the first prize under the All India Rajbhasha Kirti Puraskar Scheme of Government of India.The bank has bagged several prizes of all India level for official language implementation earlier also.
    • The PSU has bagged the award for outstanding performance in official language implementation under the category of nationalized banks in the linguistic region - B - for the year 2014-15
    • The bank received the award from President Pranab Mukherjee during a function held at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi on the occasion of Hindi Diwas. Ranjan Dhawan, managing director and chief executive officer of the bank received the award
  • 7-day Ladakh Festival begins 


    7-day Ladakh Festival begins


    • With an aim to extend the tourism season in Ladakh, Secretary for Tourism Farooq Ahmad Shah inaugurated the Ladakh Festival in Leh. He said said holding the Ladakh Festival in September was initially aimed at stretching the tourist season.
    • The festival has been organized by the Jammu and Kashmir Tourism department in collaboration with the concerned stakeholders.  Tourism Department was focusing on creation of improved infrastructure in all regions and regulating the tourism trades.
    • It should be noted that Ladakh festival was started in 1980’s in order to promote tourism in Ladakh region and make it one of the tourist destination of the country.
    • During the weeklong  Ladakh Festival ethnic, religious, cultural life of the people in Ladakh region is presented before the visiting tourists. Apart from presenting the vast cultural diversity of the region photo exhibition, handicraft exhibition, polo match and traditional archery match and music concert are also organized.
  • All India Banjara Sangh formed to fight for community’s rights


    All India Banjara Sangh formed to fight for community’s rights


    At a meeting of the Banjara community leaders from all over the country an independent organisation has been formed to take up long pending issues of the 'Banjara' (nomadic people) community.

    During the meeting a unanimous decision was taken to form an independent organisation to take up the long pending issues of the community. The new organisation has been christened as 'All India Banjara Sangh' (AIBS).

    Maharashtra MLC Haribhau Rathod who was elected as the first national president of the AIBS during the meeting, said the organisation will have representations from all states of the country. 

    Haribhau Rathod demanded that denotified tribes be removed from the Other Backward Classes (OBC) list and a separate category be created for them with a grant of seven per cent reservation 

  • Ferrari's Sebastian Vettel Victorious At 2015 Formula One Singapore Grand Prix


    Ferrari's Sebastian Vettel Victorious At 2015 Formula One Singapore Grand Prix


    • Ferrari’s Sebastian Vettel from Germany has won 2015 Singapore Grand Prix of Formula One. This formula one race was held on the Marina Bay Street Circuit, which is the first street circuit in Asia.
    • It was overall fourth victory for Vettel in Singapore Grand Prix as he had earlier won in 2011, 2012 and 2013 with this victory Vettel now has 42 wins under his belt, which means he’s passed Ayrton Senna’s tally for overall wins in F1. Just two drivers lie ahead of him: Alain Prost (51) and Michael Schumacher (91).
    • In the season 2015 this was his third victory prior to this he had won Malaysian Grand Prix and Hungarian Grand Prix. 

    Latest ranking after 2015 Singapore Grand Prix:-

    • 1st position: Sebastian Vettel (Germany) of Ferrari
    • 2nd position: Daniel Ricciardo (Australia) of Red Bull 
    • 3rd position: Kimi Raikkonen (Finland) of Ferrari
    • 4th position: Nico Rosberg (Germany) of Mercedes
    • 5th position: Valtteri Bottas (Finland) of Williams
    • 7th position: Sergio Perez (Mexico) of Force India
    • 20th position: Nico Hulkenberg (Germany) of Force India

    Top 5 Teams of the world :-  Ferrari, Red Bull, Mercedes, Williams and Toro Rosso

  • Novelist Jackie Collins passes away  



    • Jackie Collins, the renowned British-born novelist who penned best-selling novels such as Hollywood Wives and The Stud, has died in the US at the age of 77 after a long battle with breast cancer
    • Collins, whose all 32 novels made it to the New York Times bestseller list, was diagnosed with stage-four cancer six-and-a-half years ago.  In a career spanning four decades, Collins sold more than 500 million copies in 40 countries across the world.
    • Even after being diagnosed with cancer, she wrote five more books. Her latest, 600-plus-page novel, 'The Santangelos,' was published in June
    • She began writing as a teenager, making up racy stories for her school-friends. Her first novel, 'The World is Full of Married Men', was published in 1968 and became a bestseller.

    Some of her bestseller were turned in to movies :-

    • Her first novel 'The World is Full of Married Men' was published in 1968 and became a bestseller. It was, however, banned in Australia. In 1985, her novel 'Hollywood Wives' was made into a mini-series by ABC, starring Anthony Hopkins and Candice Bergen. 'The Stud' was her second novel published in 1969. 




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