Current Affairs, News & Facts of 21 Jun 2015

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  • C.N.R. Rao conferred with Japan’s highest civilian award ‘Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star’

    Eminent scientist and recipient of Bharat Ratna CNR Rao has been conferred Japan's highest civilian award for promoting academic interchange and mutual understanding in science and technology between the two countries.

    He was presented with the 'Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star' and certificate by Japanese ambassador to India Takeshi Yagi in the presence of senior officials of the Department of Science and Technology.The highest civilian award of Japan is conferred on academicians, politicians and military officers.

    Rao had been bestowed with about 70 honorary doctorates and is the 'Linus Pauling Research Professor' and honorary president of the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore 

    He is also credit for shaping several premier technical institutes in the country such as IIT Kanpur and has authored over 1000 research papers and 36 books.
    He is the only Indian to be elected as a foreign member of the Japan Academy.

    The Order of the Rising Sun :-

    • The Order of the Rising Sun  is a Japanese order, established in 1875 by Emperor Meiji of Japan. The Order was the first national decoration awarded by the Japanese Government,created on 10 April 1875 by decree of the Council of State.The badge features rays of sunlight from the rising sun.
    • The design of the Rising Sun symbolizes energy as powerful as the rising sun in parallel with the "rising sun" concept of Japan ("Land of the Rising Sun")
    • The order is awarded to those who have made distinguished achievements in the following fields: international relations, promotion of Japanese culture, advancements in their field, development in welfare or preservation of the environment
    • Beginning in 2003 the highest ranking medal for the Order of the Rising Sun became a separate order known as Grand Cordon of the Order of the Paulownia Flowers
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  • Historian-author Ramachandra Guha has been selected for Japan's prestigious Fukuoka Prize in the Academic category
    • Historian-author Ramachandra Guha has been selected for Japan's prestigious Fukuoka Prize in the Academic category
    • Dr Guha's fellow winners this year are Thant Myint-U (Grand Prize) and Minh Hanh (Arts and Culture). 
    • Fukuoka Prize honours those who have made outstanding contributions to academia, arts and culture across Asia
    • The awards will be presented on September 17 at the Fukuoka International Congress Centre. On September 19, Guha will also give a lecture on “Gandhi, India and the World” 
    • Previous winners of Fukuoka Awards include Mohammad Yunus, Romila Thapar, Ashis Nandy and Mo Yan.

    Ramchandra Guha :-

    • Ramachandra Guha born on 29 April 1958 at Dehra Dun is an Indian historian and writer whose  It's said to have existed when the universe was only 800 million years old, i.e. some 13 billion years agoresearch interests include environmental, social, political and cricket history
    • He is also a columnist for The Telegraph and Hindustan Times.A regular contributor to various academic journals, Guha has also written for The Caravan and Outlook magazines
    • For the year 2011–2012, he held a visiting position at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), the Philippe Roman Chair in History and International Affairs
    • His newest book is Gandhi Before India (2013), the first part of a planned two-volume biography of M. K. Gandhi.
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  • Galaxy named after footballer Cristiano Ronaldo
    • Cristiano Ronaldo who is one of the great stars of football world has now a Galaxy named after himthe Galaxy is  CR7.
    • Real Madrid star Ronaldo adopts the mantle CR7 because of his initials and shirt number
    • The Portugal captain and the Real Madrid superstar was bestowed with the honour by the European Southern Observatory(ESO) 
    • The CR7 galaxy which has been recently discovered by astronomers is said to have existed when the universe was only 800 million years old some 13 billion years ago
    • The ESO described the CR7 galaxy as "by far the brightest galaxy yet found in the early Universe."
    • Cristiano Ronaldo won Fifa's Ballon d'Or award in 2013 and 2014 and scored a staggering 66 goals this season

      About Cosmos Redshift 7 :-

    • Cosmos Redshift 7 is one of the oldest, most distant galaxies,in the constellation Sextans, about 12.9 billion light travel distance years from Earth
    • It is part of the early universe which contains the first generation of stars i.e. known as Population III stars
    • It is  reported to contain the first stars formed soon after the Big Bang during the reionisation epoch that is when the Universe was about 800 million years old
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  • Jharkhand Government bans sale of thermocol plates

     

    • Jharkhand Chief Minister Raghubar Das has imposed a ban on the sale of thermocol plates in the entire state to promote leaf plates.
    • This would help to generate employment for the poor and the tribals, who are engaged in making leaf plates.
    • He also announced Rs 1 lakh to villages which become liquor-free.
    • Das also directed the officials to  provide electricity in the Saranda area through solar power
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  • India, Tanzania ink eight MoUs

     

    • India inked eight MoUs with Tanzania in various fields including Agriculture, Tourism and Hydrography to expand engagement in different sectors.
    • The agreements were signed after delegation level talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President of Tanzania Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete
    • The MoUs signed include a loan agreement between Exim Bank and Tanzanian Government on a line of credit for 268.35 million dollars for extension of Lake Victoria pipeline project
    • India will soon extend e-tourist visa scheme to Tanzanian tourists
    • MoU regarding maritime sector and ocean economy and maritime security in the Indian Ocean region
    • Establishment of a Joint Working Group to strengthen cooperation in counter terrorism
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  • World Refugee Day observed
    • World Refugee Day, international observance observed June 20th each year, is dedicated to raising awareness of the situation of refugees throughout the world
    • On 4 December 2000, the United Nations General Assembly in Resolution 55/76 decided that, from 2001, 20 June would be celebrated as World Refugee Day
    • Each year on June 20th the United Nations, United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and countless civic groups around the world host World Refugee Day eventsin order to draw the public's attention to the millions of refugees and Internally displaced persons worldwide who have been forced to flee their homes due to war, conflict and persecution.
    • The annual commemoration is marked by a variety of events in more than 100 countries, involving government officials, humanitarian aid workers, celebrities, civilians and the forcibly displaced themselves.
    • Individuals and community groups are encouraged to mark the day by attending a local World Refugee Day event, watching and sharing World Refugee Day videos, and raising awareness for refugees on social media
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  • Haryana launches Village Mentoring Project to uplift villagers
    • The Haryana Government today launched a Village Mentoring Project (VMP) to improve healthcare and education of the villagers with a special emphasis on girl child.
    • The project would create awareness among the villagers about various issues including educating girl child, health, financial matters etc
    • The project has been commenced in the state from Panchkula district in association with Indian School of Business (ISB), Mohali
    • Each of the 22 districts in the state would be launching the project in a phased manner in around five villages each
    • The Village Mentoring Project (VMP) is the first of its kind in Haryana under which villages in the state would be mentored by leading corporate houses, educational institutions and other organizations. 
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  • Bangladesh beat India by six wickets, seal series 2-0
    • Bangladesh defeated Team India by 6 wickets on the Duckworth-Lewis method at Mirpur, Dhaka last night to register their first ever series win against the Indian Team
    • India opted to bat  in the second ODI of the 3-match series, Indian players were bundled out for 200 in 45 overs after rain interrupted play and the match was reduced to 47 overs a side
    • Mustafizur Rahman, playing only his second ODI, bagged a 5-wicket.Nineteen-year-old Mustafizur Rahman keeled over India's batsmen with an assortment of cutters to become the second Bangladesh bowler after Taskin Ahmed to claim a five-wicket haul on debut
    • For India, Shikhar Dhawan top scored with 53, while Skipper MS Dhoni made 47.
    • The victory not only gave Bangladesh an unassailable 2-0 lead, but also ensured them a place in the 2017 Champions Trophy.
    • This win for the Tigers follows the ones against Pakistan and Zimbabwe. They, now, have won 10 ODIs in a row and four of their last six ODI series at the home soil. The third and final ODI will be played at the same venue on Wednesday.
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