Current Affairs, News & Facts of 18 Feb 2016

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  • Sameer Anjaan enters Guinness Book of World Records 


    Sameer Anjaan enters Guinness Book of World Records

    Renowned Indian lyricist, Sameer Anjaan has entered the Guinness Book of World Records for penning the most number of songs in Bollywood: 3,524 for 650 films in a 33-year-long career.  

    He is also the first lyricist to bag this honor as prior to this, there was no such category as the ‘most number of songs ever’ in the Guinness Book, but it was created to accommodate a new record.

    Sameer AnjaanHe was born on 24 February 1958, near Banaras, Uttar Pradesh. He is the son of veteran lyricist Anjaan (Lalji Pandey). 

    He completed his Master of Commerce degree from the prestigious Banaras Hindu University (BHU) and started his career as bank officer at the Central Bank of India but he left the bank job and started his career as a lyricist in 1983 with Bekhabar.

    The first film song he recorded was Maar Ke Kataaree Mar Jaibe for the Bhojpuri film Bairi Saawan (1984) sung by Suresh Wadkar and Preeti Sagar. Later, films such as Dil and Aashiqui established him as the undisputed champion of romantic songs.

    • Notable Works : Honton Pe Bas Tera Naam Hai, Jab Se Tere Naina, Aashiq Banaya Aapne, Tum Dil Ki Dhadkan Me, nazar ke samne jigar ke paas and many more.
    • Awards and honours : He has won three Filmfare Awards.


  • Provident Fund interest rate hiked to 8.8% for 2015-16


    Provident Fund interest rate hiked to 8.8% for 2015-16

    The Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) has increased the PF interest rate from 8.75% to 8.8% for 2015-16, while reducing the returns on short-term small savings instruments by 0.25%. 

    However the hike is an 'interim one' and open for revision as Central Board of Trustees (CBT) will meet again later to discuss the possibility of any further increase in interest rates.

    Finance Audit and Investment committee (FAIC) had early recommended 8.95 percent interest on PF deposits for the current fiscal. But it was brought down to 8.8 % due to which trade unions were upset and registered their protest.

    Fixing the interest rate solely depends on EPFO's apex decision making body  Central Board of Trustees (CBT) because it provides rate of return from its own income without any assistance from the government.

    Earlier, Ministry of Labour and Employment unveiled the Simplified Pension Claim Form 10 D and a single-page Pension Payment Order (PPO). The single-page PPO replaces the current 8-page format and is part of the Centre's efforts to simplify forms and procedures.


    • It will ensure lesser processing time and provide ease of convenience and handling at EPF offices
    • It will also be simpler and comprehensible for members and pensioners

    Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) 

    It is a statutory body of the Government of India under the Ministry of Labour and Employment. The EPFO's apex decision making body is the Central Board of Trustees (CBT). 

    • Function : It administers a compulsory contributory Provident Fund Scheme, Pension Scheme and an Insurance Scheme
    • Headquarters : New Delhi 
    • Established :  4 March 1952

    The schemes cover Indian workers as well as International workers of the countries from which India has signed bilateral agreements on Social Security, currently 14 Social Security Agreements are operational.

    It is one of the largest social security organisations in India in terms of the number of  beneficiaries covered and the volume of financial transactions undertaken.

  • Alok Kumar Verma to be next Delhi Police Commissioner


    Alok Kumar Verma to be next Delhi Police CommissionerSenior IPS officer Alok Kumar Verma, DG Prisons, Delhi Police, is set to be the next Police Commissioner of  Delhi Police, succeeding incumbent BS Bassi, who is set to retire on February 29. Decision in this regard was taken by Cabinet Committee on Appointments (CCA), headed by Prime Ministre Narenda Modi. 

    58-year-old Alok Kumar Verma is a 1979-batch Union Territory cadre officer and is currently serving as DG of Tihar prison. His service tenure will be for 17 months until his retirement. He will head the 80,000 strong Delhi Police which is responsible for maintaining law and order in the capital that has a population of more than 1.7 crore.

    Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) had sent a panel comprising the names of three IPS officers including  Deepak Mishra (1984 batch officer), Dharmendra Kumar (1984 batch officer), and Alok Kumar Verma ( 1979-batch officer) to the CCA, which picked the name of Alok Kumar Verma. The formal orders regarding his appointment will be issued today.

  • Veteran designer Manish Arora conferred France’s highest honour 


    Veteran designer Manish Arora conferred France’s highest honour

    Veteran designer Manish Arora known for working with a riot of colours, psychedelic prints and for producing kitschy designs has been conferred upon "Chevalier de la Legion d’Honneur" the highest honour of  France in recognition for his renowned and critically-acclaimed contribution to the fashion world. 

    Last year, the French government also honoured Indian designer Ritu Beri with Chevalier Des Arts et Des Lettres award, one of its highest civilian awards, for her contribution to the enrichment of Indo-French cultural relations.

    About Manish Arora :

    Manish Arora is India's renowned fashion designer, born and brought up in Mumbai. He is a 1994, graduate of  National Institute of Fashion Technology, New Delhi. 

    In 1997 Manish Arora launched his own label "Manish Arora" and started retailing in India.Three years later, he participated in the first-ever India Fashion Week held in New Delhi and represented India at the Hong Kong Fashion Week.

    Chevalier de laA Legion d’HonneurThe Chevalier de laA Legion d’Honneur is France’s premier award to recognise eminent accomplishments of service to France. It is bestowed on both citizens of France as well as foreigners. In the past, eminent personalities such as Pandit Ravi Shankar, Amitabh Bachchan and J.R.D Tata have been honoured with the prestigious award. 


  • Cabinet approves collaboration between Ministry of AYUSH & WHO


    Cabinet approves collaboration between Ministry of AYUSH & WHOThe Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval to the Agreement for collaborative activities in the field of Traditional Medicine between Ministry of AYUSH and World Health Organization.

    Key Facts about the collaboration

    The long-term collaboration with WHO would help in Improving International acceptability and branding of Ayush systems.

    It will facilitate awareness generation regarding AYUSH systems of Medicine by means of education, skill development, workshops and publications.

    Exchange programs between AYUSH and WHO would promote capacity building and dissemination of information on AYUSH systems amongst the Member States.

    Financial budget : The expenditure for carrying out collaborative activities will be met from the allocated budget under the existing plan schemes of Ministry of AYUSH.

    Background : Ministry of AYUSH has the mandate to promote, propagate and globalize the recognized Traditional and Complementary Systems of Medicine (T&CM) including Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa Rigpa and Homeopathy so it has collaborated with the World Health Organization which provides leadership on global health matters and shapes the health research agenda.

  • West Bengal government launches Utkarsh Bangla Scheme


    West Bengal government launches Utkarsh Bangla Scheme

    West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has launched "Utkarsh Bangla Scheme" a welfare scheme aimed at providing vocational training for school-dropouts, in Kolkata. On this occasion, she also released a book on Utkarsh Bangla.

    Under "Utkarsh Bangla Scheme" the school dropouts will be provided training ranging from 400 to 1200 hours free of charge in tailoring, driving, repairing television and other electronic equipment and beauty courses etc. and on completion of training they will be given certificates.

    The syllabus for courses under this scheme has been made in line with the National Vocational Education Qualification Framework. The state Vocational Education Department will be nodal agency for implementation of the scheme.

  • Ministry of Environment and Forests launches Environment Information System (ENVIS)


    Ministry of Environment and Forests launches Environment Information System (ENVIS)Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar has launched Environment Information System (ENVIS) portal and mobile application for integrating its Environment Information System centres.

    The ENVIS portal will run parallel with Digital India Objective and and boost-up the efforts for improving digital literacy in the environment sector. It will deliver services digitally all over the country. 

    Environment Information System (ENVIS) 

    ENVIS is central sector Scheme of the MOEFCC implemented since 1982. The purpose of the scheme is to integrate country-wide efforts in environmental information collection, storage, collation, retrieval and dissemination. 

    Environmental Information System (ENVIS), is a Central Sector Scheme functional since 1982. Major users of ENVIS, includes Centre and state governments, institutes, scientists, researchers and agencies carrying out environment-impact assessment for various projects.

    The ENVIS network presently consists of 69 centres, of which 29 are hosted by environment departments of various state governments/UT administrations while 40 are operated by environment-related government and non-governmental organizations. 

  • Japan launches Astro-H satellite to study black holes


    Japan launches Astro-H satellite to study black holesThe Japanese space agency has successfully launched ASTRO-H a jointly developed space observation satellite to probe mysterious black holes. The satellite was  launched by country's mainstay H-IIA rocket, from Tanegashima Space Centre, southern Japan.

    Facts about ASTRO-H satellite  :

    ASTRO-H satellite has been developed  in collaboration between Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and other.

    It is set to orbit at an altitude of about 580 kilometres (360 miles) and observe X-rays emanating mainly from black holes and galaxy clusters.  

    It is cylindrically shaped and is 14 meters long and weighs 2.7 tonnes. It is the heaviest scientific satellite Japan has worked on. It will help unravel the mysteries of the universe. 

    The satellite has four X-ray telescopes and two gamma-ray detectors that will enable the space agency to peer into far off galaxy clusters, providing data on how they formed.

    Comment : Black holes have never been directly observed, but the announcement on the first detection of gravitational waves earlier this month indirectly added to the evidence that black holes do actually exist

  • Renowned Malayalam writer Akbar Kakkattil passes away


    Renowned Malayalam writer Akbar Kakkattil passes awayNoted Malayalam novelist and short story writer Akbar Kakkattil passed away in Kozhikode, Kerala due to cancer. He was 62. His writings reflects a unique combination of narration and humour, where readers can feel the naive innocence of his village folk, and experience sensation of compassion and simplicity.

    Facts to know about Akbar Kakkattil

    Akbar Kakkattil was born on 7 July 1954 at Kakkattil in Kozhikode District. He did his Postgraduate education in Malayalam Language & Literature from Kerala Varma College Trichur.

    He started creative writing at the age of fourteen by publishing short stories in a regular column for children in the leading Malayalam weekly Mathrubhumi.His first story Pothichoru was published in 1969 through the weekly. 

    He has 54 books to his credit which includes, 27 short stories, 6 collections of essays, 7 novelettes, 4 novels, a play, among others. He had served as the Vice-President of the Kerala Sahitya Akademi and  Member of Malayalam Advisory Panel of National Book Trust.

    His work, 'Sarga Sameeksha', a creative and critical interface of a young writer with the iconic writers of the old generation is perhaps the first of its kind among Indian languages.

    Awards and Honours : He has prestigious Kerala Sahitiya Akademi award two times in 1992 and 2003. He was also recipient of the first-ever award in humour section in 1992 for his ‘School Diary  and in the year 2004 his ‘Vadakkuninnoru Kudumba Vrithantham’ was awarded as the best novel.

  • Shipping Minister Nitin Gadkari launches Website for maiden Maritime India Summit


    Shipping Minister Nitin Gadkari launches Website for maiden Maritime India SummitShipping Minister Nitin Gadkari formally launched website for maiden Maritime India Summit 2016 scheduled to be held in April 2016 on the sidelines of the Make in India Week in Mumbai. The website will facilitate investors and participants access detailed information about the summit, including registrations.

    Facts about Maritime India Summit 2016 

    The Maritime India Summit is scheduled to be held on April 14  in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It will be the maiden global summit to be organised by the shipping ministry. Republic of Korea is the partner country for the MIS 2016  and will be represented by a high-level ministerial and business delegation.

    Objective : It aims to give impetus to Make In India and blue economy.

    The Maritime India Summit (MIS) 2016 will comprise of an Investors’ Summit  on April 14 and 15, 2016, along with exhibition and demo session. More than 50 other maritime nations have been invited.


2nd Aug

Exam Date : 02-08-2016

Exam Time : 07:15:00

Ques/Time : 6/5 min


Exam Date : 01-08-2016

Exam Time : 06:00:00

Ques/Time : 8/5 min

Todays test

Exam Date : 22-07-2016

Exam Time : 05:10:00

Ques/Time : 3/5 min