Current Affairs, News & Facts of 17 Sep 2015

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  • India, Cambodia Ink Two Pacts to Boost Bilateral Cooperation in Tourism, Healthcare And Agriculture


    India, Cambodia Ink Two Pacts to Boost Bilateral Cooperation in Tourism, Healthcare And Agriculture


    • India and Cambodia inked two Memorandum of Understanding (MoUs) to boost bilateral cooperation in tourism, healthcare, agriculture and women empowerment (through information and communication technology)  under Mekong-Ganga Cooperation programme 
    • The agreements were signed at the Peace Palace in the presence of Indian Vice President M.Hamid Ansari and Cambodian Prime Minister Samdech Aka Moha Sena Padei Techo Hun Sen.
    • The second MoU for umbrella projects under Mekong Ganga Cooperation initiative covers five Quick Impact Projects including health sector, agriculture and women's empowerment.
    • Vice President Mohammed Hamid Ansari will visit the world famous Angkorvat temple. India was the first country to offer assistance in the restoration work of Angkorvat. Under a bilateral agreement the restoration work was undertaken from 1986 to 1993.
    • India is also doing the restoration work at the Ta Trohm temple, which the Vice President will visit. He will also visit the Mekong Ganga Textile Museum today.
    • In 2002, the then Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee had announced setting-up of this museum. It showcauses the textile traditions of India, Combodia and other countries of Mekong region.

    Mekong–Ganga Cooperation (MGC) :-

    • The Mekong–Ganga Cooperation (MGC) was established on November 10, 2000 at Vientiane at the First MGC Ministerial Meeting.
    • Members: It comprises six member countries --- India, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam.
    • The organization takes its name from two large rivers Ganga and Mekong flowing in the region. 

    Objective:- MGC emphasises on four areas of cooperation including tourism, education, culture and transportation linkage for solid foundation of trade and investment cooperation in the region.

  • Indian Government Bans Naga rebel group NSCN(K) for 5 years


    Indian Government Bans Naga rebel group NSCN(K) for 5 years


    • The central government has banned Naga rebel group National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang) for five years. It is the same group which has been involved in a series of attacks, including the killing of 18 soldiers of the Army in Manipur. The organisation has been banned under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967
    • The decision to declare NSCN (K) an unlawful organisation was taken in a cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi . The NSCN-K responsible for explosions, ambushes and bombings has been declared as an unlawful organisation for a period of five years.
    • It was only recently that the National Investigation Agency had announced a cash reward of Rs 7 lakh for giving information about Khaplang and Rs 10 lakh about one of his deputies Niki Sumi.
    • The ban comes at a time when the government is trying to bring peace in Nagaland. Recently Government had signed a peace pact with the NSCN(IM),  but the NSCN (K) had decided to derail the peace process.

    National Socialist Council of Nagaland

    • The Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) is a Naga nationalist Military group operating in Northeast India Nagaland (NSCN) was formed on 31 January 1980 by Isak Chishi Swu, Thuingaleng Muivah and S.S. Khaplang opposing the Shillong Accord signed by the then Naga National Council (NNC) with the Government of India

    Objective :- The NSCN was formed with an objective of establishing a sovereign state of Nagalim by unifying all the areas inhabited by the Naga people in Northeast India and Myanmar.

    • Later in 1988, Naga nationalist Military group split into two factions which were NSCN-K led by S.S. Khaplang (a Myanmarese Naga) and the NSCN-IM jointly led by Isak Chishi Swu and Thuingaleng Muivah.  The split was accompanied by a spate of violence and clashes between the factions.
    • In 2001, both factions had settled a ceasefire agreement with the Union government. But was unilaterally abrogated by NSCN-K after brutal killing of 18 soldiers in June 2015. NSCN-K has strength of around 1,000 cadres with several camps across the border in Myammar. 
    • In May 2015, 9 militant groups of the northeast including the NSCN-K and ULFA had formed a conglomerate of insurgents called ‘United National Liberation Front of West South East Asia’.
  • Union Cabinet approves creation of posts of directors for 4 new NIDs


    Union Cabinet approves creation of posts of directors for 4 new NIDs


    • The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has approved the creation of four posts of Directors for four new National Institutes of Design (NIDs) at Kurukshetra (Haryana), Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh), Jorhat (Assam) and Vijayawada (Andhra Pradesh).
    • The Cabinet had already approved financial implications including salaries, for setting up of these new NIDs in its meeting held in February 2014. The National Design Policy was approved by the Cabinet in February, 2007. 
    • National Design Policy, 2007 has Action Plan for implementation of the policy for setting up of four more NIDs on the pattern of NID, Ahmedabad in order to spread quality education in design to all regions of India
  • Hangzhou City of China chosen to host 2022 Asian Games


    Hangzhou City of China chosen to host 2022 Asian Games


    • Hangzhou, capital city of Zhejiang Province in east China, was chosen by the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) to host the 2022 Asian Games. The decision was made at  the 34th Congress of Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) held in Ashkhabad, Turkmenistan.
    • Hangzhou was the only candidate city for the 2022 Asian Games. Its successful bid means the regional games will be staged in China for the third time following Beijing in 1990 and southern Guangzhou in 2010.
    • Hangzhou is best known for the West Lake, a placid and tourist attraction. It is also home base of Chinese Internet (ecommerce) giant Alibaba. South Korea's Incheon held the last Asian Games in 2014, while Indonesia's Jakarta will play host in 2018.
    • It should be noted that Beijing was just selected to hold the 2022 Winter Olympics after hosting the Summer Games in 2008.
  • Union Cabinet approves Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban mission for rural development


    Union Cabinet approves Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban mission for rural development


    The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi today approved the Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM) for its ambitious bid to social, economic and infrastructure development in rural areas. In this regard, Union Government has earmarked over 5,000 crore rupees.

     Objective :- 

    • It seeks to achieve of strengthening rural areas and de burdening the urban areas. Thus it seeks for balanced regional development and growth of the country by simultaneously benefiting the rural as well as urban areas of the country.
    • The Mission aims at development of rural growth clusters which have latent potential for growth, in all States and UTs, which would trigger overall development in the region.
    • These clusters would be developed by provisioning of economic activities, developing skills & local entrepreneurship and providing infrastructure amenities. The Rurban Mission will thus develop a cluster of Smart Villages.
    • The mission aims to create 300 such Rurban growth clusters over the next 3 years, across the country. The funding for Rurban Clusters will be through various schemes of the Government converged into the clusters
    • The SPMRM will provide an additional funding support of upto 30 percent of the project cost per cluster as Critical Gap Funding (CGF) as Central Share to enable development of such Rurban clusters.

    To ensure an optimum level of development, fourteen  components have been suggested as desirable for the cluster, which would include :-

    1. Skill development training linked to economic activities
    2. Agro Processing /Agri Services / Storage and Warehousing
    3. Digital Literacy, Sanitation, Provision of piped water supply
    4. Solid and liquid waste management
    5. Village streets and drains
    6. Street lights
    7. Fully equipped mobile health unit
    8. Upgrading school / higher education facilities
    9. Inter-village road connectivity
    10. Citizen Service Centres- for electronic delivery of citizen centric services/e-gram connectivity, 
    11. Public transport 
    12. LPG gas connections
  • GOI is launching it’s own OS; Replacing MS’ Windows


    GOI is launching it’s own OS; Replacing MS’ Windows


    • After experiencing uncountable attacks on major government websites by Chinese hackers, and aware of the pitfalls of vulnerabilities in its cyberspace following Snowden reports  Centre has taken a vital step towards having its own operating system (OS) with which it plans to replace all other OSs, including the most popular Microsoft Windows in future.
    • The new operating system is an updated version of India’s own OS dubbed as ‘Bharat Operating System Solution’ or BOSS. A highly improved version of BOSS (Bharat Operating System Solutions) developed by C-DAC (Centre for Development of Advanced Computing) will be unveiled and discussed in an internal meeting in union home ministry
    • It has successfully tested fending itself from all kinds of attacks during the past three months of trial. Several government agencies including the Army intelligence were given the task to attack it to test its vulnerability status but they all failed to break it.
    • The Snowden reports revealed that India was the most scrutinised nation by the US intelligence agencies. While other countries like China started carrying out R&D on news forms of attacks like the Smart dust, Nano technologies and Al, India still lags behind by far.
    • However, the new OS can help India take a substantial step to prepare in this direction as will be able to take care of both the individual computer as well as the networking.
    • Later, the government can collaborate with indigenous industry giants to develop it further and create an open source OS along with other hardware and network systems that would encourage other entities and individuals to shift to it from other OS like Windows, Macintosh, BlackBerry RIM etc.,
  • “Shauryanjali”– An Exhibition on 1965 War Opens


    “Shauryanjali”– An Exhibition on 1965 War Opens


    • The exhibition titled Shauryanjali celebrating the Golden Jubilee of Indo-Pak War of 1965 opened at the India Gate lawns today. The exhibition is an ode to splendid show of valour and sacrifice of Indian Armed Forces personnel for protecting the borders of the country.
    • The exhibition has recreated the battle scene in various sectors beginning from Rann of Kutch to the ceasefire and Tashkent Summit. The battle of various types are also on display at the exhibition. 
    • The Minister for Information and Technology and Communications Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad released a set of stamps and First Day Cover to commemorate the occasion. He said the 1965 War was an event marked by many stories of valour and sacrifice of our Armed Forces personnel. 
  • Paytm ties up with educational institutions to introduce cashless payments 


    Paytm ties up with educational institutions to introduce cashless payments


    • Mobile commerce firm Paytm has tied up with educational institutions to introduce cashless payments. Users will now be able to pay school fees and dues, cafeteria bills as well as buy uniforms, books and merchandise through the Paytm Wallet. 
    • Paytm has  tied up with IIT Mandi, Universal Education Trust, KN Modi University, Vidyamandir Classes, Made Easy, Career Launcher, Jamboree, Primus Public School in Bengaluru, Swaminarayan Gurukul Vidyalaya and Delhi Public School. Paytm is in discussions to tie up with IITs, IIMs, central and state universities soon.
    • Paytm believes there's immense potential in the Indian education space, quoting a Fitch report that estimates the the Indian education sector's market size at $109.84 billion (roughly Rs. 7,29,672 crores) in 2015.
  • Journalists from 4 countries to get Press Freedom Awards


    Journalists from 4 countries to get Press Freedom Awards

    International journalists who have endured death threats, physical attacks and imprisonment or exile for bringing truth in to public are to be honored with Press Freedom Awards.The Committee to Protect Journalists "2015 International Press Freedom Awards" will present awards to :-

    • Malaysia's Zulkiflee Anwar Ulhaque, 
    • Paraguay's Candido Figueredo Ruiz 
    • Bloggers and journalists from Ethiopia and Syria

    Veteran Associated Press foreign correspondent Kathy Gannon will receive the Burton Benjamin Memorial Award for lifetime achievement in the cause of press freedom. Gannon has reported on Pakistan and Afghanistan for decades.


2nd Aug

Exam Date : 02-08-2016

Exam Time : 07:15:00

Ques/Time : 6/5 min


Exam Date : 01-08-2016

Exam Time : 06:00:00

Ques/Time : 8/5 min

Todays test

Exam Date : 22-07-2016

Exam Time : 05:10:00

Ques/Time : 3/5 min