Current Affairs, News & Facts of 12 Oct 2015

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  • Govt. to observe November 26 as Constitution Day

     

    Govt. to observe November 26 as Constitution Day
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    • Constitution Day or (Samvidhan Divas) will be celebrated on November 26 with an aim to spread awareness of Indian Constitution and its architecture Dr B R Ambedkar. Education about India's Constitution will be taught in schools on November 26.
    • It should be noted that "The Constitution of India" was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, which came into force on 26 January 1950. Dr.Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar is regarded as the father of the Indian Constitution.
    • Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of the Dr BR Ambedkar memorial at Indu Mills compound in Mumbai. Calling Babasaheb Ambedkar, a 'Maha-purush', PM Modi said, " He is an inspiration not just for one community but for the world. World knows about Martin Luther King Jr, now it needs to know about Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar."
    • Last month, Govt completed the process of acquiring a 2050 square feet property in London where Ambedkar lived during 1921-22. 

    Dr BR Ambedkar memorial:-

    • The government plans to build a memorial at a cost of Rs 475 crore. It will feature a 150 feet tall statue of Ambedkar and 140 feet high dome stupa.
    • The memorial complex will have a research centre, auditorium, library and museum, park, ponds and plaza.
    • The meditation centre will accommodate 13,000 people. The life and works of Ambedkar will be displayed at the memorial.

    Panch teerths (quintet pilgrimage) :-

    • Dr BR Ambedkar memorial project is a part of five landmarks associated with the life of the father of the Indian Constitution. These five landmarks (holy places) have been dubbed as Panch teerths (quintet pilgrimage) which will be located at Mhow in Madhya Pradesh, Alipur House in Delhi, Indu Mill memorial, Dr Ambedkar’s residence in Mumbai and house in London. All these five places were crucial in the life of  Dr BR Ambedkar.
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  • K P Sharma Oli of CPN-UML elected as the new Prime Minister of Nepal

     

    K P Sharma Oli of CPN-UML elected as the new Prime Minister of Nepal

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    • Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) CPN-UML Chairman K.P. Sharma Oli has been elected as the new Prime Minister of Nepal.
    • In the election K.P. Sharma Oli managed to secure 338 votes out of total votes of 598-member Parliament thus he had secured 39 votes more than the 299 votes needed to get elected as PM as per provisions of new constitution while his rival and former Prime Minister Sushil Koirala secured only 287 votes in the election .
    • Oli's PM candidacy was supported by UCPN-Maoists, Rastriya Prajatantra Party Nepal, and Madhesi Rights Forum, Democratic along with 13 other small parties.
    • K.P. Sharma became first Prime Minister of Nepal under the newly adopted secular, republic and federal Constitution of Himalayan country. The new Constitution  was adopted in 20 September 2015.

    Background :-

    • Sushil Koirala had resigned on Saturday (October 10) to elect a new premier after parties failed to forge a consensus amid continued protests and blockade of a key border trade point with India over the country's new Constitution.
    • Koirala submitted his resignation to President Ram Baran Yadav who accepted it and asked him to conduct daily administrative functions till a new government is formed.

    About Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli :-

    • Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli born on 22 February 1952 is commonly known as K P Oli. He is the first Prime Minister under the newly adopted Constitution of Nepal
    • K P Oli has earlier served as Home Minister in the Adhikari cabinet in 1994–1995 and as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs during the interim government in 2006.
    • He was unable to complete his formal education due to his involvement in politics. However he has keen interest in reading books on political philosophies and literature written in Nepali and Hindi languages.

    Why is there protest in Nepal ?

    • The new constitution that was unveiled on September 20 after seven years of negotiations, is being opposed by Madhesi groups. The agitating Madhesi Front claims that the Constitution does not guarantee enough rights and representation to the Madhesi and Tharu communities residing in southern Nepal.
    • Madhesis are Indian-origin inhabitants of the Terai region bordering India who are opposed to splitting Nepal into seven provinces. They are against splitting Nepal into seven provinces.
    • The continued blockade of border trade points with India has halted the supply of essential goods including petroleum products and medicines in Nepal from India.
    • At least 40 people have died in over a month of clashes between police and protesters from the Madhesi and Tharu communities and ethnic minorities.
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  • Punjab National Bank wins maiden Beighton Cup

     

    Punjab National Bank wins maiden Beighton Cup

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    • Punjub National Bank (PNB) bagged the title in the 119th All India Beighton Cup Hockey Tournament which was being played at Kolkata. This was their maiden Beighton Cup.
    • In the final match PNB defeated 4 time winners Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) by 5-3 goals in penalty shoot outs. Final match was very interesting as in the regular time schedule of match both team had one goal each.

    Facts about Beighton Cup of Hockey :-

    • Kolkatta has the distinction of hosting the Beighton Cup - the oldest hockey tournament in India, and one of the oldest in the world
    • The Beighton Cup, held in Kolkatta from 1895, and the Aga Khan Cup, held in Mumbai since 1896, are the fore-runners of all hockey tournaments in India
    • The Beighton Cup is organised by the Bengal Hockey Assocation, and is usually held on the Mohun Bagan ground every April. The Aga Khan Cup is organized by the Bombay Gymkhana, and is held on their lush green grounds in downtown Mumbai.
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  • October 11 is observed as International Day of the Girl Child (IDGC)

     

    October 11 is observed as International Day of the Girl Child (IDGC)

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    • The International Day of the Girl Child gives people and organizations the opportunity to raise public awareness of the different types of discrimination and abuse that many girls around the world suffer from.
    • The Power of the Adolescent Girl: Vision for 2030 is the theme for International Day of the Girl Child (IDGC) 2015. The theme for the year 2015 highlights vulnerable demographic of adolescent girls facing social, economic and political barriers.
    • This year thems is focused on adolescent girls and Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) which are set to be achieved by 2030.  Sustainable Development Goals are set of 17 international targets including gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls.

    Significance of International Day of the Girl Child :-

    • On this day, many community and political leaders talk to the public about the importance of girls’ right to equal education and their fundamental freedoms. 
    • Various events are held to showcase the work that people are doing to empower girls through active support and engagement with parents, families, and the wider community.

    Background :-

    Discrimination and violence against girls and violations of their human rights still happen. The UN felt a need to raise awareness of the challenges that millions of girls face every day. In December 2011, the UN declared that it would annually observe the International Day of the Girl Child, starting from October 11, 2012.

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  • Lewis Hamilton wins 2015 Russian Grand Prix of  Formula One

     

    Lewis Hamilton wins 2015 Russian Grand Prix of  Formula One

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    Renowned Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton  who hails from Britain has won 2015 Russian Grand Prix title of Formula One. It should be noted that this was his overall ninth victory of the season. Earlier he had won Australia, China, Bahrain, Canada, United Kingdom, Belgium, Italy and Japanese 2015 Grand Prix titles of F1.Lewis Hamilton has won highest number of races as compared to any other British driver in the history of Formula One. With totral 41 wins Lewis Hamilton ranks 5th on all time list.

    Latest ranking after 2015 Russian Grand Prix :-

    • 1st position: Lewis Hamilton (Britain) of Mercedes.
    • 2nd position: Sebastian Vettel (Germany) of Ferrari. 
    • 3rd position: Sergio Perez (Mexico) of Force India. 
    • 4th position: Felipe Massa (Brazil) of Williams. 
    • 5th position: Daniil Kvyat (Russia) of Red Bull-Renault.

    Mercedes, Ferrari, Force India, Williams and Red Bull-Renault are the top 5 teams. 

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  • Ajay Jayaram defends Dutch Open title

     

    Ajay Jayaram defends Dutch Open title

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    • Indian badminton ace Ajay Jayaram has clinched  50000 USD  after winning 2015 Dutch Open Grand Prix badminton tournament.
    • In the final match that was played at Almere in Netherlands, Jayaram defeated Estonia’s Raul Must by a score of 21-12, 21-18. With this victory he retained his Dutch Open title which he had won earlier in 2014.
    • Jayaram had won his maiden Dutch Open Grand Prix title in October 2014 and was the first Indian to win badminton Grand Prix tournament under the new 11×5 scoring system.
    • After he had won silver medal in 2015 Korea Open Badminton tournament in Men’s singles category this is his second achievement.  Prior to this Jayaram has won 3 international badminton titles namely New Zealand Open (2009), Thailand Open (2010) and Czech Open (2013)
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2nd Aug

Exam Date : 02-08-2016

Exam Time : 07:15:00

Ques/Time : 6/5 min


Sports

Exam Date : 01-08-2016

Exam Time : 06:00:00

Ques/Time : 8/5 min


Todays test

Exam Date : 22-07-2016

Exam Time : 05:10:00

Ques/Time : 3/5 min


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