Current Affairs, News & Facts of 10 Oct 2015

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  • India’s first Dolphin Community Reserve to come up in West Bengal

     

     India’s first Dolphin Community Reserve to come up in West Bengal

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    • To protect the endangered Gangetic river dolphins, West Bengal will soon have the country's first community reserve for the mammal. Wildlife Protection Act had provisions to create such community reserve for protection of flora and fauna. 
    • Decision in this regard was taken at a meeting of the State Wildlife Board chaired by state Chief Wildlife Warden Azam Zaidi.
    • A committee has been formed to examine in what way the community reserve would be set up in the Hooghly river between Malda and Sundarbans. It is expected that the reserve would be ready within a year’s time.Hundreds of fishermen are dependent on the river for survival.
    • Direct killing, habitat fragmentation due to construction of dams and barrages, indiscriminate fishing and pollution of rivers are some of the major threats affecting the species.The number of dolphin is estimated to be less than 2,000 in the country.

    About Gangetic dolphin :-

    • Often known as the ‘Tiger of the Ganges’, the river dolphin is an indicator animal,which represent healthy river ecosystem. It has the same position in a river ecosystem as a tiger in a forest.
    • The Ganges river dolphin is primarily found in the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers and their tributaries in Bangladesh, India and Nepal. The Ganges river dolphin has been recognized by the government of India as its National Aquatic Animal

    The stretch of the Ganges river, also known as Hooghly in West Bengal, is roughly 500 km long and it passes through the densely populated Kolkata before merging with the Bay of Bengal in the Sundarbans.

     

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  • Shekhar Basu appointed as Chairman of Atomic Energy Commission

     

    Shekhar Basu appointed as Chairman of Atomic Energy Commission

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    • Renowned scientist Shekhar Basu has been appointed as Atomic Energy Secretary and Chairman of Atomic Energy Commission. 
    • As per the order issued by Department of Personnel and Training his tenure will be till he attains the age of 64 years, i.e. September 19, 2016.
    • Basu,is presently Director of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) and chief executive of the Nuclear Recycle Board (NRB).Basu will replace RK Sinha who superannuates on October 23.

    Facts about Shekhar Basu :-

    • Basu, was instrumental in setting up reprocessing and waste management facilities at Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research in Kalpakkam.
    • He has been credited for commissioning land-based Nuclear Submarine Propulsion Plant at Kalpakkam.
    • He is one of the architects of India's 80 mega watt compact Pressurised Water Reactor (PWR), which will power Arihant, the country's nuclear-powered submarine

    Awards :- He is a recipient of Padma Shri.

    About Atomic Energy Commission (AEC)

    • The Atomic Energy Commission is the governing body of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), Government of India. The DAE is under the direct charge of the Prime Minister.
    • The Atomic Energy Commission was set up in August 1948 to look after atomic energy activities in the country.

    The functions of the Atomic Energy Commission are:-

    • To organise research in atomic scientists in the country; 
    • To train, atomic scientists in the country; 
    • To promote nuclear research in commission's own laboratories as well as in India; 
    • To undertake prospecting of atomic minerals in India and to extract such minerals for use on industrial scale.
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  • Veteran Music Director Ravindra Jain passes away

     

    Veteran Music Director Ravindra Jain passes away

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    • Veteran music director Ravindra Jain, who was admitted in Lilavati hospital in Mumbai following ill-health, passed away on October 9. Jain was suffering from urinary infection causing a problem in his kidney.
    • Ravindra Jain, was visually challenged musician he was an inspiration to many.Jain composed music for hit films like Chor Machaye Shor, Geet Gaata Chal, Chitchor and Ankhiyon Ke Jharokhon Se, in the 70s. 
    • He was also awarded Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award of India, in 2015. Born to a Sanskrit scholar father, Ravindra Jain’s family was originally from Aligarh in Uttar Pradesh. The third child among seven brothers and one sister, Jain started singing ‘bhajans’ at temples from an early age.
    • His parents recognised his talent and sent him to Pt GL Jain and Pt Janardhan Sharma for formal education in music. This turned out to be the calling of his life as music became little Ravindra’s life.
    • He was given a break by Raj Kapoor, for whom he composed many super hit songs in movies such as Ram Teri Ganga Maili, Do Jasoos, and Heena, which was directed by Randhir Kapoor.

    Awards and honours:-

    • Filmfare Award for Best Music for ‘Ram Teri Ganga Maili’ (1985), 
    • Lata Mangeshkar Lifetime Achievement Award of Maharashtra Government 
    • Padmashri (2015)
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  • Union Government launches app to book unreserved rail tickets

     

    Union Government launches app to book unreserved rail tickets

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    • Indian Railways has launched mobile application to facilitate booking of paperless unreserved tickets as well as platform tickets to cut queues at the reservation counters 
    • The initiatives are mostly targetted at the Mumbai suburban sections to begin with where 75 lakh passengers use the local train services to commute between places. 
    • Mobile App was launched by Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu in tune with Prime Minister Narendra Modi's 'Digital India' mission and the app seeks 
    • to help passengers save time by booking tickets right at their home before travelling.
    • The paperless platform ticket programme would cover the major sections in the Mumbai suburban sections, as well as New Delhi and Hazrat Nizamuddin station (New Delhi) 
    • Prabhu also launched paperless season tickets on suburban sections of the Western Railway, Central Railway and between New Delhi and Palwal section of the Northern Railway.
    • A currency coin-cum-card-operated automatic ticket-vending machines at various suburban stations on the Central Railway and Western Railway, was also launched on the occasion 
    • The train enquiry mobile application for the iOS platform was launched too, with which more than 90 per cent of the mobile users can check the train movement live using the app. 
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  • Nobel Peace Prize for Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet

     

    Nobel Peace Prize for Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet

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    • The Nobel Peace Prize 2015 has been awarded to Tunisia's National Dialogue Quartet - a democracy group -  for "its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy,"
    • Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet is a group of four organisations which established "an alternative, peaceful political process at a time when the country was on the brink of civil war," during Tunisia's 2011 revolution which is also called Jasmine revolution.

    The National Dialogue Quartet is made up of four key organisations in Tunisian civil society:-

    • The Tunisian General Labour Union
    • The Tunisian Confederation of Industry
    • Trade and Handicrafts
    • The Tunisian Human Rights League; and the Tunisian Order of Lawyers

    About Tunisia's Revolution:-

    • Tunisia's revolution - also known as the Jasmine Revolution - began in late 2010 and led to the ousting of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in January 2011, followed by the country's first free democratic elections last year.

    About National Dialogue Quartet :-

    • It was created in 2013, two years after the revolution, when security in the country was threatened following the assassination of two key politicians and deadly clashes between Islamists and secular parts of society.The assassination sparked protest in the streets of Tunisia but the Quarter brought opposing sides together and calmed the streets. NDQ paved the way for a peaceful dialogue between the citizens. NDQ was also instrumental in establishing a constitutional system of government in Tunisia by guaranteeing fundamental rights for the entire population, irrespective of gender, religious belief or political conviction.

    Jasmine Revolution

    • The Tunisian Revolution also known as the Jasmine Revolution was an intensive campaign of civil resistance, including a series of street demonstrations taking place in Tunisia.The events began on 18 December 2010 and led to the ousting of longtime president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in January 2011.
    • The Tunisian revolution has also been considered the first of a series of revolutions named the Arab Spring.In the Western media, these events have been dubbed the Jasmine Revolution or Jasmine Spring after Tunisia's national flower.
    • The eventled to demonstrations which were precipitated by high unemployment, food inflation, corruption a lack of political freedoms like freedom of speech and poor living conditions
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  • India and China to conduct joint military exercise 'Hand-in-Hand'

     

    India and China to conduct joint military exercise 'Hand-in-Hand'

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    • Asia's two largest military powers India and China, will jointly conduct combined military training exercise Hand-in-Hand from October 12 to October 2015 at Kunming Military Academy, Yunnan, China. This will be the fifth exercise of the series, which started in 2007. 
    • The exercise will bring together troops of an Infantry sub-unit and a formation headquarter of Indian Army and similar participation from the Chinese Army for the joint training.
    • This exercise aims to strengthen and broaden interoperability and cooperation between both the Armies as well as complement a number of other exchanges between the two forces. 
    • The exercise curriculum has been planned in a manner that the participants will initially be made to get familiar with each others organisational structure, weapons, equipment and tactical drills. Subsequently, under Joint Tactical Exercises, battle drill of both the armies will be rehearsed.
    • The twelve day exercise will lay emphasis on joint handling of insurgency at sub-unit level and related issues, while the aspect of Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief will be discussed at formation headquarters level.
    • Commanders and Staff Officers of both sides will work in close coordination to receive and collate intelligence and to issue suitable operational orders to the combined field training components, who in turn will execute these orders on ground.
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