Current Affairs, News & Facts of 06 Oct 2015

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  • Government launches 2nd phase of Mission Indradhanush

     

    Government launches 2nd phase of Mission Indradhanush

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    • Impressed by the success of the first phase of 'Mission Indradhanush'  Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has launched the second phase of Mission Indradhanush to achieve full immunisation of children below two years. The govt is focussing on 352 districts and assured the states of full support for achieving the targets. 
    • Launching the second phase of 'Mission Indradhanush', Union Health Minister J P Nadda interacted with health ministers and department secretaries of states through video-conferencing to enquire about their preparedness, and said his Ministry aims to achieve full immunisation of more than 90 per cent children by 2020. 
    • 'Mission Indradhanush' aims at fully immunising more than 89 lakh children who are either unvaccinated or partially vaccinated and those who have not been covered during routine immunisation for various reasons. 
    • 'Mission Indradhanush' aims to immunise them against seven life-threatening but vaccine-preventable diseases that are diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, tuberculosis, polio, measles and hepatitis-B. 
    • In the second phase, 352 districts have been selected including 279 mid-priority districts, 33 from North-East states and 40 districts from the phase one, where large number of missed-out children were detected. 
    • The campaign will revisit the 40 districts because they did not meet even 50 per cent of their target population during the first phase. Union Health Minister J P Nadd exhorted the state authorities to leave no stone unturned to ensure that the left out and missed out children of the routine immunization program in the country are provided full protection under this nationwide initiative.
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  • World Habitat Day observed on 5 October 2015

    World Habitat Day observed on 5 October 2015

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    • The United Nations’ (UN) World Habitat Day is annually celebrated on the first Monday of October to reflect on the state of human settlements and people’s right to sufficient shelter. It also aims to remind people that they are responsible for the habitat of future next generations.
    • The UN’s World Habitat Day was first celebrated in 1986 with the theme “Shelter is My Right”. Nairobi was allocated as the host city for the observance that year
    • UN’s World Habitat Day is held on the first Monday of October with a new theme each year. Previous themes included: “Shelter for the Homeless” (1987); “Our Neighbourhood” (1995); “Future Cities” (1997); “Safer Cities” (1998); “Women in Urban Governance” (2000); “Cities without Slums” (2001) and “Water and Sanitation for Cities” (2003).

    Theme for year 2015:-

    • World Habitat Day 2015 was observed on 5 October 2015 with the theme "Public Spaces for All" . Public spaces are crucial for poor and vulnerable citizens. Improving access to them, and making them safe for women and girls, increases equity, promotes inclusion and combats discrimination. High-quality public spaces encourage people to communicate and collaborate with each other, and to participate in public life.
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  • Jack Dorsey appointed as permanent CEO of Twitter

     

    Jack Dorsey appointed as permanent CEO of Twitter

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    • Jack Dorsey the co-founder and interim chief executive officer (CEO) of Micro blogging site Twitter has been appointed as it's permanent CEO for second time.
    • The 38-year-old had been Twitter’s interim CEO since Dick Costolo, CEO for five years, resigned in June. To win back his seat permanently, Mr Dorsey had to convince Twitter’s board and enough investors that he could lead both the social media company and Square a mobile payments company.
    • The appointment of  Jack Dorsey as the permanent CEO of  Micro blogging site Twitter ended months of speculation about who would take the top job at the micro blogging service and Twitter's shares rose as much as 6 percent on Monday after the announcement.
    • Earlier from May 2007 to October 2008, he had served as Twitter’s president and CEO but he reportedly lost his position for leaving work early to enjoy other pursuits such as yoga and fashion design. 
    • On October 16, 2008 Williams took over the role of CEO, while Dorsey became chairman of the board. Presently, Jack Dorsey also serves as CEO of Square, a mobile payments and financial services company co-founded by him in 2009. He also serves on the board of directors of The Walt Disney Company.
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  • Portugal's ruling Center-Right Coalition wins 2015 Portugal elections

     

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    • Portugal's ruling Centre Right coalition parties led by Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho have won the Portugal’s 2015 general election.
    • As per the results of the election the governing coalition has won 99 seats in the 230-seat parliament by securing 36.4 to 43 percent of the vote compared to 29.5 to 35 percent for the opposition Socialists, led by the former mayor of Lisbon Antonio Costa.
    • However centre-right coalition the ruling party have failed to secure absolute majority in the Parliament.With 99 seats in the 230-seat parliament, the ruling coalition fell 17 seats short of the number it needed. Opposition socialist leader Antonio Costa admitted defeat and congratulated Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho. 
    • Although the parties to the left of the Socialists have achieved their best-ever result. Left Bloc won 10% of the vote, securing 19 seats, while the Communists took 8% of the vote.

    This election should be viewed as a referendum on 4 years of spending cuts and austerity measures undertaken by the centre right coalition government. It should be noted that currently. Portugal is among five eurozone nations referred as PIIGS nations which are economically weaker following the 2008 global financial crisis.The list of five PIIGS nations includes Portugal, Italy, Ireland, Greece and Spain.

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  •  ISIS destroys Palmyra’s iconic Arc of Triumph

     

     ISIS destroys Palmyra’s iconic Arc of Triumph

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    • ISIS militants have destroyed the iconic Arch of Triumph in Palmyra dating from between 193 and 211 AD, as part of their sustained campaign of destruction of heritage sites in areas under their control in Syria and Iraq.
    • The Palmyra site is listed on UNESCO's World Heritage List and before this year an Arch of Triumph was a centrepiece of the UNESCO world heritage site of ancient ruins of Palmyra. The ruins of Palmyra attracted an annual 150,000 tourists.
    • After seizing the ancient city of Palmyra in May 2015, Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) militants demolished several ancient temples and gravesites. The city’s custodian, 82-year-old archaeologist Khaled al-Asaad, was tortured and beheaded by the group.
    • Known as the "Pearl of the Desert", the oasis town of Palmyra is situated about 210 kilometres (130 miles) northeast of Damascus and became famous as a stopping point for caravans travelling on the Silk Road.
    • ISIS militants are destroying ancient monuments that pre-date Islam as it is against the Islamic principal of promoting idolatry.
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  • Swedish author of Wallander, Henning Mankell dies at 67

     

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    • Internationally renowned Swedish crime writer Henning Mankell passed away in Gothenburg, Swedan. He was 67.
    • His books about the gloomy, soul-searching police inspector Kurt Wallander were source of thrilling sensation for it's readers. Mankell wrote some 50 novels and numerous plays, selling more than 40 million copies worldwide.
    • Mankell was deeply engaged in social and political issues. Since the mid-1980s he had divided his time between Sweden and Mozambique, where he helped build a village for orphaned children to raise awareness about HIV and AIDS

    About Henning Mankell :-

    • Mankell was born in Stockholm, Sweden, in 1948. 
    • Mankell was not only a crime writer but also children’s author and dramatist. His debut crime novel "The Stone-Blaste" was published in 1968.
    • Inspector Kurt Wallander was the famous fictional character of Mankell whose face appeared for the first time in 1989’s in his novel Faceless Killers.

    Awards:- 

    • Mankell got many awards through out his career as an incredible author such as Crime Writers’ Association Gold Dagger for Best Crime Novel of the Year (2001 and 2008), Best Swedish Crime Novel Award (1991 and 1995) etc.
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  • Mahindra Intertrade appoints Sumit Issar as MD

     

    Mahindra Intertrade appoints Sumit Issar as MD

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    • Sumit Issar has been appointed as the new Managing Director for Mahindra Intertrade Ltd (MIL) and Mahindra Steel Service Centre Ltd (MSSCL), a joint venture between Mahindra and Metal OneCorporation, Japan
    • Sumit Issar will replace Harsh Kumar who retired on September 30, 2015 and will assume fresh responsibilities at the Mahindra Institute of Quality.
    • Issar started his career at MIL as a graduate engineer trainee in 1995 and has performed a multitude of roles encompassing sales and operations, product development, sourcing, supply chain management and business development.
    • He has been a key member of the MIL leadership team and has played a pivotal role in transforming the company into a multi-vertical steel solutions company.

    About Mahindra Intertrade :-
    Mahindra Intertrade is a wholly owned subsidiary of Mahindra and Mahindra Ltd and owns and operates the country’s largest network of independent steel service centres in the automotive, power and home appliances verticals. It operates steel service centres in Pune, Nashik, Vadodara, Bhopal and Chakan in India and Sharjah in West Asia.

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