Current Affairs, News & Facts of 04 Dec 2015

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  • Ministry of Communications and Information Technology releases postage stamp to mark centenary year of ZSI

     

    Ministry of Communications and Information Technology releases postage stamp to mark centenary year of ZSI

    A commemorative postage stamp to mark the Centenary year of Zoological Survey of India (ZSI)  was released by Union Communication and IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad in the presence of Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar in New Delhi. To educate the people about the different species of flora and fauna a series of postage stamps on the rich biodiversity of the country will also be released.

    Facts about Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) :-

    The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) is a premier Indian organisation in zoological research and studies. The activities of the ZSI are coordinated by the Conservation and Survey Division under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, (MoEFCC)

    Established :-  1 July 1916

    Objective :-  Promote the survey, exploration and research of the fauna in various states, selected ecosystems and protected areas of India. It also prepares  Red Data Book which lists the species on verge of extinction.

    Headquartered:- Zoological Survey of India has 16 regional centers across the country.

    Custodian of the collections of zoological specimens :-

    The Survey acquired the zoological collections of more than a century old from the former museum of the Asiatic Society of Bengal and the zoological section of the Indian museum (1814-1875) in Calcutta. Zoological Survey of India thus became the custodian of the collections of zoological specimens of the Indian subcontinent, stocking and safeguarding the collections from India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan.

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  • The First India International Science Festival (IISF) begins at IIT-Delhi

     

    The First India International Science Festival (IISF) begins at IIT-Delhi

    If everything goes well,  Ministry of Science and Technology will create Guinness World Record of the highest number of students conducting experiment at the same venue as 2,000 students are expected to assemble for The First "India International Science Festival (IISF)" which is being organized at IIT Delhi from 4th to 8th December 2015. Ireland holds the record of around 1,300 students conducting an experiment at the same venue. 

    The festival will host a Young Scientist Conference, Techno-Industrial Expo, Science Film Festival, industry-academia conclave and interactive workshops and informative sessions on various topics. Approximately 3000 young scientists from the country are expected to participate as delegates in this Festival. The programme will also display innovations from students and young researchers, who have been funded by INSPRIE scheme of the Ministry.

    Organisers :-

    The event is jointly being organized by the Ministries of Science & Technology and Earth Sciences. Technology Information, Forecasting & Assessment Council (TIFAC) has been chosen as the nodal government institution to organize the mega event in collaboration with Vijnana Bharati, an NGO that works for promotion of Science & Technology.

    Key objectives :-

    • Exposing the fruits of Science & Technology to the masses
    • Building strategy to instil scientific temper among the masses
    • Showcasing Indian contributions in the field of S&T over the years
    • Providing platform to young scientists for exchange of knowledge & ideas
    • Supporting flagship programs like Make in India, Digital India, Start-ups, Smart Villages, Smart Cities, etc. initiated by the Govt. of India
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  • Royal Air Force Tornado jets carry out bombing on Syria

     

    Royal Air Force Tornado jets carry out bombing on Syria

    Britain has launched airstrikes against Islamic State (IS)-controlled oil fields in Syria just hours after the government secured an overwhelming parliamentary vote in the House of Commons  for military action against the Islamic State in Syria.

    The Commons voted 397 to 223 in support of the motion with 66 Labour Members of Parliament voting in support, and seven Conservatives voting against it. Fifty three of the Scottish National Party MPs voted against the motion. The mandate resulted in a 174 majority, which gave Prime Minister David Cameron the clear support to launch the air strike on ISIS 

    Royal Air Force Tornado jets from their base in Akrotiri in Cyprus carried out air strikes on Omar oil fields in east Syria under the control of the rebels. Britain aims to strike oil fields and revenue on which ISIS depends. 

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  • 3 December, observed as International Day of  Persons with Disabilities

     

    3 December, observed as International Day of  Persons with Disabilities

    The International Day of Persons with Disabilities (IDPD) which is observed every year on 3rd Dec every year has been commemorated since 1992 to promote awareness and mobilize support for the dignity, rights and well-being of persons with disabilities.

    The Day works to promote action to raise awareness about disability issues and draw attention to the benefits of an inclusive and accessible society for all. It also seeks to increase awareness of gains to be derived from the integration of persons with disabilities in every aspect of political, social, economic and cultural life.

    Theme for the year 2015 :-  Inclusion matters: access and empowerment for people of all abilities

    The estimated one billion people living with disabilities worldwide face many barriers to inclusion in many key aspects of society. As a result, people with disabilities do not enjoy access to society on an equal basis with others, which includes areas of transportation, employment, and education as well as social and political participation.

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  • Cabinet approves establishment of  six new IITs

     

    Cabinet approves establishment of  six new IITs

    Cabinet has has approved proposal of setting up of 6 new Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) across the country. These Six new Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) will be set up in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Chhatisgarh, Goa, Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala and Karnataka. Total cost for running these IITs would be 1,411.80 crore and will be incurred between 2015-16 and 2018-19.

    Key Facts :-

    • The six new IITs will be registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 since the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961, contains no provision to enable establishment of new IITs. 
    • Of the six, IITs at Palakkad (Kerala) and Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh) have already started classes this year . The 16 exisiting IITs admit a total of 10,000 students at the undergraduate level. With the six new institutions, the intake will go up by another 1080 seats. 
    • Each new IIT will have an initial intake of 180 students in its first year which would increase to 450 in the second year and to 928 (840 Undergraduates, 80 Postgraduates and 8 Ph.D.) in the third year of their operation.
    • The new IITs will be operated from their temporary campuses for the initial period of three years before shifting to their permanent campuses in the 4th year. Each IIT will have a sanctioned strength of faculty members, with a faculty-student ratio of 1:10 
    • There are already 16 IITs one each at Gandhinagar, Bombay, New Delhi, Roorkee, Kharagpur, Chennai, Guwahati, Indore, Kanpur, Jodhpur, Bhubaneswar, Hyderabad, Patna, Ropar, Mandi and Varanasi. 
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  • Navy day celebrated across the country

     

    Navy day celebrated across the country

    Every year 4 December is celebrated as the Navy Day in India, to commemorate the start of  Operation Trident during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.  In one-night attack the Indian Navy sank three vessels near the largest Pakistani port of Karachi. Operation Trident resulted in the first use of anti-ship missiles in the region and only the second worldwide.

    Operation Trident :-

    • On 4 December, the Indian Navy launched a fast naval strike on the Pakistan Naval Headquarters (PNHQ) of Karachi. The task group for the operation consisted of three Vidyut class missile boats, INS Nipat (K86), INS Nirghat (K89) and INS Veer (K82) .
    • As per the operational plan, the task group reached 250 nautical miles (460 km) south of Karachi and stayed in the area during the day, outside the range of Pakistan Air Force (PAF) aircraft. The plan was to attack Karachi at night because most PAF aircraft did not possess night-time bombing capability. In the night  Indian Navy  with it's courage and valour sank three vessels which was a big blow for Pak Navy.
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