Current Affairs, News & Facts of 01 Oct 2015

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  • Heena Sidhu wins gold medal at Asian Air Gun Championships

     

    Heena Sidhu wins gold medal at Asian Air Gun Championships

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    • Former world number one shooter Heena Sidhu has bagged a Gold medal in the women’s 10m air pistol event of the 8th Asian Air Gun Championship held in New Delhi.
    • In the event, Heena shot a total of 197.8 points to win the top prize in the final. India also got one silver medal as Shweta Singh stood second on the podium in the day's marquee event, ahead of bronze medallist Seon A Kim of Korea.

    Individual scores of the winners :-

    • Heena shot 197.8 (Gold)
    • Shweta aggregated 197.0 (Silver)
    • Kim managed 175.8.(Bronze)

    Note :- In the 2015 Asian Air Gun Championships held in New Delhi, India has won an impressive medal tally of 17 medals, including six gold (two in individual senior), to finish as toppers in the continental event. Iran has finished second in this continental event.

    Facts to know about Heena Sidhu :-

    • Heena Sidhu brought up in Patiala, and born on 29 August 1989, in Ludhiana is former world number one (as on April 2014)  and was India’s first pistol shooter to be ranked number one in the world.
    • She is the first Indian Pistol shooter to have won a Gold medal in the 2013 ISSF World Cup Finals -Pistol in 10 metre Air Pistol event.
    • She along with Annu Raj Singh won the gold medal in women's Pairs 10 metre air pistol at the 2010 Commonwealth Games.
    • Sidhu, is the Finals World record holder in 10 metre air pistol event with a final score of 203.8
    • She is also the first Indian shooter who has appeared on the ISSF magazine's cover page for the first time ever since the National Rifle Association of India was formed on 17 Apr 1951.

     

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  • Government releases Commemorative Stamp on Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

     

    Government releases Commemorative Stamp on Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

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    A Commemorative Stamp on Dr. B.R. Ambedkar has been released jointly by the Ministery of  Social Justice & Empowerment and Union Ministery for Communication and Information Technology as part of his 125th Birth Anniversary celebrations.The coin is slated to be released in honour of the legendary social reformer and approval from the Finance Ministry has already been received.

    125th Birth Anniversary of Dr. Babasaheb Ambekdar :-

    • The objective of year long celebrations is to make the world aware about the life and the work of Dr. Babasaheb Ambekdar as a champion of the underprivileged.
    • The Prime Minister chaired the first meeting of the National Committee on Nationwide Celebration of 125th Birth Anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar on the 23rd July 2015.
    • Government has taken up a number of programmes and is organizing various activities on the 125th Birth Anniversary celebrations
    • The village Ambadve in Ratnagiri District (Maharashtra), to which the parents of Dr. Ambedkar belonged will be developed as a Model Village under PMAGY Scheme (Adarsh Gram)

    Facts to know about Dr. B.R. Ambedkar:-

    • Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar popularly known as Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was Independent India's first law minister and the principal architect of the Constitution of India
    • Babasaheb belonged to the Hindu Mahar caste, who were treated as untouchables and subjected to intense socio-economic discrimination.
    • His native village name was "Ambavade" in Ratnagiri District so he changed his name from "Sakpal" to "Ambedkar".
    • In 1907, Babasaheb passed his matriculation examination and entered the University of Bombay, becoming one of the first persons of untouchable origin to enter a college in India.
    • Ambedkar was a prolific student, earning a law degree and various doctorates from Columbia University and the London School of Economics.
    • Babasaheb, was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer. In his early career he was an economist, professor, and lawyer.
    • In 1936, Ambedkar founded the Independent Labour Party, which contested the 1937 Bombay election to the Central Legislative Assembly.
    • In 1990, the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, was posthumously conferred upon Ambedkar

    Religious Views of  Babasaheb :- Babasaheb inspired the Modern Buddhist Movement and campaigned against social discrimination against Untouchables (Dalits). In 1956 he converted to Buddhism, initiating mass conversions of Dalits.

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  • India, Japan, US unite on maritime security to counter China 

     

    India, Japan, US unite on maritime security to counter China

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    • India, Japan and the United States in their first ever trilateral meeting have decided to coordinate policies in addressing China’s increasing maritime activities and called for freedom of navigation, overflights and commerce including in the South China Sea, which is claimed by China and has fuelled tensions in the region.
    • External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, Japanese Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida and US Secretary of State John Kerry during the meeting  also agreed to work together on maritime security through greater collaboration, highlighting the growing convergence of interests in the Indo-Pacific region.
    • The US, which hosted the trilateral, maintains the South China Sea is international water, and sovereignty in the area should be determined by the UN.

    Background of conflict :-

    • Beijing claims the entire South China Sea and says has every right to drill in East China Sea . South China Sea is a major global shipping route which is believed to be home to massive oil and gas reserves, and is locked in maritime disputes with several countries such as Vietnam, Philippines and Brunei.
    • In response to China’s aggressive actions, US has asked it to immediately halt its land reclamation in the disputed South China Sea after which China, maintains there is “no problem” in freedom of navigation and overflights in South China Sea but says that these should not be a ruse for foreign warships and military jets to violate other countries’ sovereignty and security.

    Key facts :-

    • The three countries  agreed to work together to maintain maritime security through greater collaboration.
    • The 3 Ministers launched an experts-level group on regional connectivity; will explore cooperation on women's skill enhancement and economic empowerment
    • The 3 nations agreed to convene an expert's level group on humanitarian assistance and disaster relief to enhance ability to response jointly to complex disaster.
    • India, Japan and the US also launched an expert group to identify collaborative efforts to strengthen regional connectivity, especially between South and Southeast Asia
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  • Indian-American professor Kartik Chandran named MacArthur Fellow

     

    Indian-American professor Kartik Chandran named MacArthur Fellow

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    • Kartik Chandran, an Indian-American associate professor of earth and environmental engineering at Columbia Engineering has been named as a 2015 MacArthur Fellow and has been and given a 'genius' grant of 625,000 USD for working on a novel solution to the world's need for food, clean water and energy.
    • Kartik Chandran, deals with wastewater treatment with the goal of producing useful resources such as fertilizers, chemicals and energy sources, in addition to clean water, that takes care for climate, energy and nutrient challenges being faced today.

    Educational background : -

    • Kartik Chandran is an IIT Roorkee graduate, and a PhD (1999) from the University of Connecticut. After being named as MacArthur Fellow Chandran joins a distinguished group of 24 talented people who have all demonstrated exceptional originality and dedication to their creative pursuits.

    Awards :-

    • Chandran, who joined the Engineering School in 2005, has also won the Water Environment Research Foundation Paul L. Busch Award (2010), a National Science Foundation CAREER Award (2009), and a National Academies of Science Fellowship (2007).
    • Kartik Chandran says "Wastewater traditionally has been viewed as something negative--something that we need to get rid of. To me these are not just waste streams, they are enriched streams," 
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  • India to Chair G20 in 2018

     

    India to Chair G20 in 2018

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    India is set to be the G20 Chair in 2018, and New Delhi could host the prestigious annual G20 summit.This decision was taken by G20 forum earlier in September 2015 which was chaired by Turkey. Turkey will hand over the Chair for the next year i.e. 2016 to China following which Germany will in 2017 and then the Chair will pass on to India for 2018.

    Established :- The G-20 was founded in 1999 with the aim of studying, reviewing, and promoting high-level discussion of policy issues pertaining to the promotion of international financial stability. It seeks to address issues that go beyond the responsibilities of any one organization.

    Presidency of the G20:-
    The G20 operates as a forum and not as an organisation. Therefore, it does not have any permanent secretariat or management and administrative structure. One of the G20 countries is selected to hold the Chair in rotation, also known as ‘G20 presidency’. The presidency establishes a temporary secretariat for the duration it holds the Chair. The secretariat coordinates all work and organises G20 meetings.

    Members:- Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, U.K., U.S, EU.

    Process for the selection of presidency :-

    In the year 2010 when  South Korea was holding the chair  a system for the selection of  presidency was developed under which 19 countries have been categorised into five regional groupings of a maximum of four nations each.The chair rotates among the groups, and one country from a group is selected for a specific year.

    • Group 1 :-  Group 1 comprises Australia, Canada, Saudi Arabia and the U.S.
    • Group 2 :-  Group 2 consists of India, Russia, South Africa and Turkey.
    • Group 3 :-  Group 3 has Argentina, Brazil and Mexico
    • Group 4 :-  Group 4 has France, Germany, Italy and the U.K.
    • Group 5 :-  Group 5 has China, Indonesia, Japan and South Korea.

    In 2010, South Korea in Group 5 was the chair. In 2011, France in Group 4 was the chair. In 2012, Mexico in Group 3 was the chair. In 2013, Russia in Group 2 held the chair.

    Who represents the nation at G20?

    Each member of G20 is represented by its head of state at the Leaders’ Summit. Leaders are assisted by their Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors, and Sherpas. India recently announced the appointment of NITI Aayog Vice-Chairman Arvind Panagariya as G20 Sherpa.

    Note :- Collectively, the G-20 economies account for around 85 percent of the gross world product (GWP), 80 percent of world trade (or, if excluding EU intra-trade, 75 percent), and two-thirds of the world population

     

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  • China launches 20th satellite for its BeiDou Navigation system

     

    China launches 20th satellite for its BeiDou Navigation system

    • China has successfully launched 20th new generation satellite into orbit that will support its domestic navigation and positioning network BeiDou Navigation System (BDS) which will compete with the US-operated GPS.
    • The satellite was launched from Xichang Satellite Launch Center in the southwestern province of Sichuan, the satellite was boosted by a Long March-3B carrier rocket.
    • The 20th new generation satellite has been well equipped with sophisticated gadgets such as Hydrogen Atomic Clock which provides most accurate time and frequency standards known compared to primary standards for international time distribution services.

    BeiDou Navigation Satellite System:-

    • BeiDou Navigation Satellite System is a Chinese satellite navigation system. It is named after the Big Dipper constellation.
    • The official English name of the system is BeiDou Navigation Satellite System.The BeiDou project was formally launched in 1994.
    • The first BeiDou system, officially called the BeiDou Satellite Navigation Experimental System and also known as BeiDou-1, consists of three satellites and offers limited coverage and applications. It has been offering navigation services, mainly for customers in China and neighboring regions, since 2000.

    Field of application :-

    • BeiDou Navigation System will be used for civilian services in field of navigation, messaging, transportation and weather forecasting sectors
    • Since it reduces the dependency on US operated GPS so it can be used for military communications and missile launching
    • Over 1,000 BeiDou-1 terminals were used after the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, providing information from the disaster area
    • As of October 2009, all Chinese border guards in Yunnan are equipped with BeiDou-1 devices

    Navigation Satellite Systems of other countries :-

    •   India: Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS)
    •   United States: Global Positioning System (GPS)
    •   Russia: GLONASS
    •   France: Doppler Orbitography and Radio-positioning Integrated by Satellite (DORIS)
    •   Japan: Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS)
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