Current Affairs, News & Facts of 01 Jul 2016

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  • Antarctic ozone hole beginning to heal : Scientists

    Researchers for the first time have found clear evidence that the thinning in the ozone layer above Antarctica is starting to heal.

    The scientists said that in September 2015 the hole was around 4 million sq km smaller than it was in the year 2000 - an area roughly the size of India.

    The first hole in Antarctic ozone were identified in the mid-1980s.

    Antarctic ozone hole beginning to heal : ScientistsOzone layer in the atmosphere’s stratospheric layer comprises of Ozone (O3), an allotrope of oxygen.

    Ozone is important because it blocks out harmful ultraviolet radiation from the Sun.

    Its absence increases the chances of skin cancer, cataract damage, and harm to animals and plants.

    In 1986, US researcher Susan Solomon showed that ozone was being destroyed by the presence of molecules containing chlorine and bromine that came from chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), found in hairsprays to refrigerators to air conditioning units.

  • Argentina women win record seventh Champions Trophy title

    Argentina women win record seventh Champions Trophy titleThe Argentina women's team  has claimed a record seventh Champions Trophy title  by defeating Netherlands .

    In the final match played at the Lee Valley Hockey and Tennis Centre in London, UK,  Argentina women’s team defeated Netherlands by a score of 2-1.

    Earlier they had won it in 2001, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2012 and 2014.



    Final standings:

    1: Argentina
    2: The Netherlands
    3: USA
    4: Australia
    5: Great Britain
    6: New Zealand

    Individual Awards :

    Best player: Carla Rebecchi (Argentina)
    Best junior player: Maria Granatto (Argentina)
    Best goalkeeper: Joyce Sombroek (Netherlands)

  • Union HRD Ministry launches Prashikshak, an online teacher education portal

    Union Human Resource Development Minister Smriti Irani launched "Prashikshak"- an online teacher education portal for District Institutes of Education and Training (DIETs) with a vision to bring quality teachers into the school education system.

    Union HRD Ministry launches Prashikshak, an online teacher education portal

    Key facts about "Prashikshak" :

    The portal has been developed by the HRD ministry in collaboration with the Central Square Foundation, a policy think tank focused on improving quality of school education.

    It is an open online platform for collecting and reporting data from all DIETs which will help in the establishment of a strong monitoring mechanism.

    It has been launched to help DIETs make informed decisions about their institutes and compare the performance of their institute against other DIETs by facilitating online reporting of data.

    It will contain a comprehensive database of all DIETs in the country with all relevant performance indicators. It will also help teachers to make decision about which institute to join.

    District Institutes of Education and Training (DIETs) :

    DIETs were formed under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme on Teacher Education (CSSTE) and are aimed at offering pre-service and in-service teacher training programmes for Government elementary school teachers. At present, there are 588 DIETs with an intake of 98,052 students and sanctioned faculty strength of 12,647.

  • Union Cabinet approves approves MoU between UPSC and Royal Civil Service Commission, Bhutan

    The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and Royal Civil Service Commission (RCSC), Bhutan. 

    The MoU will strengthen the existing relationship between RCSC and UPSC. It will facilitate sharing of experience and expertise of both the parties in the area of recruitment. In the past, UPSC had signed MOU with Public Service Commission of Canada and Bhutan. 

    It will develop institutionalized linkage between the Public Service Commission of both the countries, which share the common ideals. The areas of cooperation include the following: 

    Union Cabinet approves approves MoU between UPSC and Royal Civil Service Commission, Bhutan Sharing of experience and expertise in Civil Service matters such as recruitment and selection, exchange of resource persons and development of professional skills of the officers and staff of the parties through attachment and training programs.

    Sharing of expertise on use of Information Technology (IT) in examination processes, Computer Based Recruitment Tests and Examinations, sharing of experience in Single Window System for expeditious scrutiny and speedy disposal of cases, building merit based staffing system, etc. 

    Sharing of experience on the modalities adopted on audit of processes and procedures followed by various Government agencies in recruitment for posts under the delegated powers. Digitization of records, storage and display of historical records. 

  • Rodrigo Duterte sworn in as president of Philippines  

    Rodrigo Duterte,71, has been sworn in as the 16th president of the Philippines.  was administered oath to the office by the Supreme Court justice at the Malacanang presidential palace. He will have tenure of six years. He is the first Mindanaoan president of the country.

    Facts about Rodrigo Duterte :

    Rodrigo Duterte sworn in as president of PhilippinesDuterte is the longest-serving mayors in the Philippines and was mayor of  Davao City for seven terms, totalling more than 22 years span. 

    Over a period of 20 years, he turned Davao City from the "murder capital of the Philippines" to what tourism organisations now describe as "the most peaceful city in southeast Asia". 

    Duterte nicknamed "The Punisher", has been accused of links to vigilante death squads in Davao and thought to be responsible for the executions of drug traffickers, criminals, gang members and other lawless elements.

    During the Presidential elections, he was nicknamed as Dirty Harry and often was compared to the US presidential candidate Donald Trump. He has zero tolerance policies against criminals and drug traffickers.

    He was urged to run for the Philippine presidency numerous times, but he refused these offers until well into 2015 on the grounds of a "flawed government system", old age and opposition from his family.

  • China Launches 2nd Shijian-16 Satellite

    China Launches 2nd Shijian-16 SatelliteChina launched its second Shijian-16 series satellitefor space research and experiments. The first Shijian-16 satellite was launched in October 2013.

    The satellite was carried by a Long March-4B rocket from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in northwest China's Gansu Province.

    It was the 231st flight  by a Long March rocket.The 2nd Shijian-16 Satellite will be used for space environment measurements, radiation and its effect as well as technology testing.

    Long March-4B rocket : Long March-4B rocket is a Chinese orbital carrier rocket used mostly to place satellites into low Earth and sun synchronous orbits. It was developed by the Shanghai Academy of Space Flight Technology (SAST) and first introduced in May 1999. 

  • Renowned artist K.G. Subramanyan dies at 92

    Renowned artist K.G. Subramanyan, credited with being one of the pioneers of Indian modern art, passed away in Vadodara, Gujarat following a brief illness. He was 92. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan in 2012.

    Facts about K G Subramanyan :

    Renowned artist K.G. Subramanyan dies at 92Born as Kalpathi Ganpathi Subramanyan in 1924 in a village in Kerala. He studied economics at Presidency College, Madras and was  actively involved in the Indian freedom struggle.

    The turning point of his life, as an artist, came when he visited Santiniketan to study in Kala Bhavan, the art faculty of Visva Bharati University. Here he got mentors as Nandalal Bose, Benode Behari Mukherjee and Ramkinkar Baij. 

    In 1951 he became a lecturer at the Faculty of Fine Arts in M.S. University in Baroda. He was famous for his terracotta murals, glass paintings, illustrated children’s books, works on canvas that drew upon myth, memory and tradition, sculptures and drawings.

    Awards and Honours: Padma Vibhushan (2012), Padma Bhushan (2006) and Padma Shri (1975).

  • Four Indian-Americans honoured with 2016 Great Immigrants Award in US

    Four Indian-Americans honoured with 2016 Great Immigrants Award in USFour Indian-Americans, including Google CEO Sunder Pichai, are among 42 US nationals to be honoured with this year's prestigious "Great Immigrants: The Pride of America" award for their inspiring professional accomplishments.

    The other three Indian-Americans are :

    (i) Hari Sreenivasan, anchor and senior correspondent, PBS NewsHour. 
    (ii) Vikram Malhotra Chairman of the Americas McKinsey & Company. 
    (iii) Bharati Mukherjee National Book Critics Circle Award-winning author.

    " Great Immigrants: The Pride of America " Award :

    The award is given by New York-based Carnegie Corporation on the occasion of Independence Day of United States (4th July). It should be noted that Andrew Carnegie the founder of  Carnegie Corporation was one of pioneer American capitalist who had shaped the modern American industry and philanthropy. Andrew Carnegie was also the son of impoverished immigrants who had settled in US. 


2nd Aug

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Todays test

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