Long range missile Barak-8 successfully test fired from INS Kolkata
Long Range Surface to Air Missile (LRSAM) Barak 8 jointly developed by India and Israel was successfully test-fired from INS Kolkata. The firing trial of the LR SAM was jointly carried out by the Indian Navy, DRDO and Israel Aerospace Industries.
During the trial Barak 8 missile was fired by the Indian Navy from its warship INS Kolkata on the Western Seaboard during which it successfully intercepted an aerial target at extended ranges. The missile has a range of nearly 70 km.
With this test, India has joined a select group of countries which has such an anti-air warfare capability for their navies as only a small club of countries including the US, France, Britain and Israel possess such a capability.
Facts about Barak 8 :
- Barak 8 ( it means Lightning in Hebrew language) is an Indian-Israeli surface-to-air missile (SAM), designed to defend the country against t any type of airborne threat including aircraft, helicopters, anti-ship missiles, and UAVs at range of 70 km.
- It has been jointly developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) and other companies from Israel and India. The first 32 missile will be fitted on the Indian Navy stealth guided-missile destroyer INS Kolkata.
MF-STAR radar system :
Apart from the missile, the system includes a Multi Functional Surveillance and Threat Alert Radar (MF STAR) for detection, tracking and guidance of the missile.Israel made MF-STAR radar system is capable of simultaneously tracking hundreds of airborne targets to a range of more than 250 KM.>Login To Save for Revision
- Saudi Arabia allows women to vote and contest polls for first time
For the first time in the history of Saudi Arabia women have been allowed to vote and contest polls in the male dominated kingdom. More than 900 women are among 6,140 Saudis standing in the local elections due to be held on 12 December 2015.
In September 2011, King Abdullah granted women the right to vote and stand in the 2015 municipal elections. About 7,000 people are contesting for seats on 284 municipal councils.
Country's registered voters are estimated at 1.5 million, in which 136,000 are women . Despite the growing female representation on government bodies, women still required to use a male guardian to transact official business.
The country's first municipal elections were held in 2005, followed by another vote in 2011. In both cases, only men were allowed to participate following which Saudi Arabian women campaigned for the right to participate in the 2011 elections by organising (My Country) and Saudi Women's Revolution campaigns for women's right to participate. A few days before the 2011 election took place, King Abdullah announced that women would be able to participate as voters and candidates in the 2015 election
The absolute monarchy, which applies its strict interpretation of Islam, has faced widespread criticism for its lack of equal rights and Saudi Arabia is the only country where women are not allowed to drive so by allowing participation of women in the municipal elections Saudi Arabian government apparently is showing other countries that social participation of its women is expanding.>Login To Save for Revision
- India again elected as Member of International Maritime Council
India has been unanimously re-elected to the Council of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) under Category “B” at the 29th session of the Assembly of the IMO held in London on 27 November, 2015.
The 29th Session of the IMO Assembly is being held at IMO Headquarters London from 23 November to 2 December, 2015. The session is attended by a high level Indian delegation led by Secretary (shipping) Rajive Kumar.
India’s overseas seaborne EXIM trade, which is presently about 600 million tonnes per annum, is expected to be quadrupled to about 2,200 million tons by the year 2020
India ranks amongst the top twenty ship owning countries of the world in terms of Gross Tonnage as well as Deadweight and holds status as one of the countries with the largest interest in international seaborne trade.
Indian Shipping tonnage has been growing steadily and it is about 10.38 Million GT now, with 1,210 ships under its flag for both the international voyages and coastal voyages.
India has been one of the earliest members of the IMO, having ratified its Convention and joined it as a member-state in the year 1959. India has had the privilege of being elected to and serving the Council of the IMO, ever since it started functioning, and till date, except for two years for the period 1983-1984.
About International Maritime Council :-
The International Maritime Organization (IMO) is a specialised agency of the United Nations responsible for regulating shipping.
Established :- The IMO was established in Geneva in 1948 and came into force ten years later, meeting for the first time in 1959.
Headquartered :- It is headquartered in London, United Kingdom, the IMO has 171 Member States and three Associate Members
Function :- To develop and maintain a comprehensive regulatory framework for shipping and its remits including safety, environmental concerns, legal matters, technical co-operation, maritime security and the efficiency of shipping.
IMO Council :- IMO Council consist of 40 member countries who are elected by the IMO Assembly. The council plays a crucial role in deciding various matters related to global shipping industry.>Login To Save for Revision
- Indian Railways inks Rs 40,000 cr pacts of locomotive plants in Bihar with GE, Alstom
Indian Railways has signed Rs 40,000-crore contracts with global transport majors General Electric and Alstom Transport to set up two locomotive plants in Bihar with a aim of boosting manufacturing and employment in the state. The pact also marks the first big FDI in the railway sector .
Under the pact :-
US-based GE will set up a diesel locomotive factory at Marhowra that will supply 1,000 engines of 4,500 and 6,000 horsepower over 11 years while France’s Alstom will set up a manufacturing facility at Madhepura to supply 800 electric locomotives of 12,000 horsepower over 10 years. The factories will be set up at a cost of Rs 1,300 crore each.>Login To Save for Revision
- World AIDS Day 2015: This year's theme is "Getting to zero, End Aids by 2030"
World AIDS Day is observed every year on 1 December, to unite people in the fight against HIV, and expand antiretroviral therapy to all people living with HIV, so that it does not get transferred to next generation.
The day is also a way to demonstrate international solidarity for people living with HIV and to commemorate the spirit of those who have died battling the deadly disease.
World AIDS Day was observed for the first time in 1988 and the year 2015 marks the 28th edition, of the World AIDS Day. It is run by WHO as one of its global public health campaign.
Theme for the year 2015 :- The theme of World Aids Day 2015 is: Getting to zero; end Aids by 2030.
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS aims at averting 21 million Aids-related deaths, 28 million new HIV infections and 5.9 million new infections among children by 2030.>Login To Save for Revision
- President gives nod for Maharashtra Act allowing women to work in night shifts
The President has approved Maharashtra government's amended Factories Act, 1948, thus allowing women to work in factories in night shifts. Earlier, section 66(1)(c) of the Factories Act provided that women cannot work at a factory between 7 PM and 6 AM but now they can work in night shift as well. The managements will have to ensure security of women working in the night shift, as per the amendment.
Defination of factory as per the amendment :-
According to the present provisions of the act, a unit was defined as a factory if it employed 10 workers in case of units using electricity and 20 workers in case of units not using it. This definition will be amended to make it 20 workers (for units using power) and 40 workers (for units not using power) to be called a factory. Due to this 14,300 small-scale units will be freed from the inspector raj and about 190,000 new jobs will be created in the state.
New overtime working rules :-
The government has proposed overtime of 115 hours from the present level of 75 hours to workers in SSI units and the amendment also does not make mandatory for workers to take the management’s permission for working overtime.>Login To Save for Revision
- Center launches IPV injection as part of global polio endgame strategy
As part of Global Polio Endgame strategy, India has reached another milestone by launching Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) in New Delhi. The vaccine was launched by the Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare J P Nadda.
The launching of IPV would enable children to get double protection from polio i.e. orally and in the form of injection. New evidences now clearly show that IPV and OPV together will further strengthen the children’s immune system and will provide double protection against polio.
The first phase this vaccine will be introduced in six states, viz Assam, Gujarat, Punjab, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh. IPV injection will be given to children below one year of age along with the third dose of the Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) at the routine immunization sessions free of cost.
Note :- Although India was certified polio-free country on 27 March 2014, but the immunization programme is still continued on regular basis since two of its neighbours Afghanistan and Pakistan still remain polio-endemic countries.>Login To Save for Revision
- Colombian film ‘Embrace of Serpent’ wins Golden Peacock Award : IFFI 2015
Colombian film “Embrace of the Serpent,” directed by Ciro Guerra and produced by Cristina Gallego, won the best film award at the 46th International Film Festival of India in Goa. The film’s art director Ramses Benjumea accepted the award on behalf of the director.
The only Indian name in the winner’s list was that of Bengali filmmaker Kaushik Ganguly, who was given the inaugural ICFT – UNESCO Fellini Medal for his movie Cinemawala.
About the film "Embrace of Serpent" :-
- Embrace of the Serpent is a 2015 internationally co-produced adventure drama film directed by Ciro Guerra. The film won the Art Cinema Award in the Directors' Fortnight section at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival and was selected as the Colombian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 88th Academy Awards.
- The film tells two stories, taking place in 1909 and 1940, both starring Karamakate, an Amazonian shaman and last survivor of his tribe. He travels with two scientists, German Theodor Koch-Grunberg and American Richard Evans Schultes, to look for the rare yakruna, a sacred plant. The film is loosely inspired by the diaries written by the two scientists during their field work in the Amazon.
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