Hill forts of Rajasthan and Great Himalayan National Park of Himachal nominated for World Heritage List

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A group of 6 hill forts in Rajasthan and the Great Himalayan National Park in Himachal Pradesh has been nominated by India for inclusion in UNESCO's World Heritage Sites this year. The decision to include or not would be taken at meeting of UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee in Cambodia's capital Phnom Penh next month.

  • These hill forts, built between 13th-19th centuries, are at Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambore, Gagron, Amber, and Jaisalmer. They are excellent examples of Rajput military architecture which can also be seen elsewhere in palaces, temples, memorials and are unique to this region.
  • The government renominated them with the addition of the Jaisalmer fort after UNESCO rejected them in 2012. Decision on their inclusion would be taken in May 2013 based on the recommendation of International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) which inspected the sites last year. ICOMOS evaluates the cultural properties for UNESCO.
  • The Great Himalayan National Park is located on western Himalayas in Kullu, Himachal. Rich in biodiversity It is home to 25 forest types, supports 805 kinds of plants and hosts 31 species of mammals and 209 sort of birds.
  • The IUCN in its earlier report had objected to the fractured delineation of the park and recommended that the intervening land be added to the park to create a contiguous area. It suggested that the rights of local communities be accommodated and integrated in the management plan. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) evaluates nominations for natural sites to UNESCO’s World Heritage list.
  • India has 29 world heritage sites — 23 cultural and six natural properties.
  • 18 April - International Day for Monuments and Sites/ World Heritage Day
  • World Heritage Day 2013 - theme is Heritage of Education (Buildings of schools, universities, libraries, academies, etc. have not only social or institutional values but also historic or artistic ones, and have therefore become a significant part of our cultural heritage).
  • UNESCO established 18 April as the International Day for Monuments and Sites in 1983. It aims to raise public awareness about the diversity and vulnerability of the world’s built monuments and heritage sites and the efforts required to protect and conserve them.

ALSO SEE : UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITES OF INDIA

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