Denis Mukwege wins Sakharov prize 2014

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Sakharov prize 2014, Europe's top human rights award, goes to DR Congo doctor Denis Mukwege.  

The gynaecologist is honoured for helping thousands of gang rape victims in the war-torn country.

Points to Remeber

  • The prize - named after famous Soviet scientist and dissident Andrei Sakharov - is given for the promotion of human rights and democracy around the world.
  • He is considered to be the father of the Soviet hydrogen bomb. 
  • Later, concerned at the likely implication of nuclear arms on humans, he started raising awareness about dangers of nuclear arms race.

About the Prize

  • The 50,000 euro annual prize is officially known as Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought.
  • It was established by European Parliament in December 1988 to honour the individuals /organizations for defending the human rights and freedom of expression.
  • Its given on December 10.

List of Notable prize winners:

  • 2013 Malala Yousafzai
  • 2012 Nasrin Sotoudeh and Jafar Panahi
  • 2011 Arab Spring activists
  • 2008 Hu Jia (Chinese Dissident)
  • 2003 UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan, and all UN staff
  • 1994 Taslima Nasreen
  • 1990 Aung San Suu Kyi
  • 1988 (First Sakharov Prize) Nelson Mandela and Anatoli Marchenko (posthumously)
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