4th Nuclear Security Summit in Washington

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Heads of about 53 countries and representatives of five international organisations including the UNO, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), European Union (EU), Interpol are taking part in the 4th edition of  Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) held in Washington, United States to share their assessment of the threat from nuclear weapons and materials. 

Russia is not attending the summit although it is one of the five officially recognised nuclear-weapon states and has among the biggest nuclear stockpile in the world.

India is being represented by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the two-day summit. The summit will be an opportunity for India to share its views and track record on nuclear security. India has always asserted the need for ensuring nuclear security and peaceful use of nuclear energy.

#WATCH: PM Modi arrives in Washington DC to attend 4th Nuclear Security Summit, received by US Ambassador to Indiahttps://t.co/68LqfT1jGC

— ANI (@ANI_news) March 31, 2016

Around 2,000 metric tons of nuclear weapons usable materials that's highly enriched uranium and separated plutonium are present in both civilian and military programs around the world so it is very important to ensure the safety of nuclear material and facilities  from falling in the hands of terror organisations like the Islamic State.

⇒ Agenda of the summit :-  The agenda of the summit is to prepare action plans for safeguarding nuclear material and technologies and preventing nuclear terrorism. The prime focus of the summit will be North Korea as it is continuing to resort to provocations including its recent nuclear test and missile launches.

Background

♦ In 2009, U.S. President Obama delivered a speech in Prague in which he called nuclear terrorism one of the greatest threats to international security. With that in mind, Obama hosted the first Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) in Washington DC in 2010  to draw the attention of world leaders towards the need of securing  nuclear material and thus preventing nuclear terrorism.

♦ The second, third summits were held in Seoul (South Korea) and The Hague (Netherlands) in 2010, 2012 and 2014 respectively. India has made significant contribution by ensuring nuclear security and peaceful use of nuclear energy. It has been taking an active part in the summit ever since its inception in 2010. 

Achievements of last three Summits

The three Nuclear Security Summits of  2010, 2012, and 2014 and  the Washington Work Plan from the 2010 motivated countries to tighten national laws, rules pertaining to nuclear safety, launch Nuclear Safety Fund (NSF) and set up Nuclear Safety training and Support Centres to impart training in safe use of nuclear devices. The achievements of three summits are :

⇒ Removal of over 3.2 metric tons of vulnerable HEU and plutonium material.
⇒ Physical security upgradation at 32 buildings storing weapons-usable fissile materials.
⇒ Installation of radiation detection equipment at 328 international border crossings, airports, and seaports to combat illicit trafficking in nuclear materials.

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