Current Affairs, News & Facts of 29 Feb 2016

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  • President inaugurates India's first IT park by labour cooperative 

     

    President inaugurates India's first IT park by labour cooperative

    President Pranab Mukherjee inagurated "UL CyberPark" in Kozhikode, Kerala which is India’s first IT park set up by a labour cooperative society in the country.

    Unlike the state-backed IT parks in major IT hubs of the country, the IT Park in Kozhikode has been set up by a labour cooperative society, Uralungal Labour Contract Cooperative Society (ULCCS).

    The UL Cyber Park is an ambitious project of ULCCS Ltd, built on 25 acre land in Nellikode in Kozhikode district at the cost of Rs. 270 crore.

    The master plan for the IT park has been prepared by world's leading architect Nikken Sikki from Japan. It is expected to provide direct employment to 4,500 persons in the first phase and indirect employment to around 20,000 people. It will export IT solutions and products to US and Europe and is eyeing a turnover of Rs 500 crore in the next five years.

    Uralungal Labour Contract Cooperative Society (ULCCS)

    The ULCCS was founded by a renowned reformer Guru Vagbhatananda of north Malabar in 1925 in Vadakara, Kozhikode district by 14 members with an initial investment of 37 paise. It was established with an aim of creating job opportunities for its members. 

    In it's initial years started  taking up small works like building rural roads and minor bridgesand later it started working  in the domain areas of Global Information Systems, Health Care, Enterprise Resource Planning, Business Intelligence and Analytic etc. Kerala State Government has declared ULCCS as an “Accredited Agency” to undertake works directly without tender procedure.

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  • India, UK to collaborate on crop science for climate change

     

    India, UK to collaborate on crop science for climate change

    Department of Biotechnology under the aegis of  Ministry of Science and Technology has signed a MoU with a consortium of top UK research institutions to enhance research on crop sciences, particularly crop resilience toward climate change and capacity building.

    The consortium UK research institutions included representatives from Cambridge based National Institute for Agricultural Botany (NIAB), John Innes Centre, Norwich based University of East Anglia and Rothamsted Research Institute.

    The aim of the agreement is to enhance collaborative research, promote knowledge exchange, and support capacity building to develop resilience in food security. It will also focus on the establishment of a joint India-UK Plant Science Centre.

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  • Govt gives nod to India-Maldives double taxation Agreement on airlines

     

    Govt gives nod to India-Maldives double taxation Agreement on airlinesThe Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given it's approval for signing of an Agreement between India and Maldives that will provide relief from double taxation for their airlines operating between the two countries.

    Under the agreement

    Profits from the operation of aircraft in international traffic will be taxed in one country alone, the taxing right is conferred upon the country to which the enterprise belongs.

    Under the agreement airlines operating from India will be exempted from income derived from the operation of aircraft in international traffic in Maldives  and vice-versa.

    The Agreement will provide tax certainty for airline enterprises of India and Maldives. The pact further provides for a mutual agreement procedure for resolving any difficulties or doubts arising as to the interpretation or application of the pact.

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  • Ex-DRDO DG Dr Avinash Chander awarded Aryabhata Award

     

    Ex-DRDO DG Dr Avinash Chander awarded Aryabhata Award

    Avinash Chander, former Scientific Adviser to Defence Minister and Director General of the DRDO,  has been awarded prestigious Aryabhata Award of Astronautical Society of India in recognition for his contribution to missile technology.

    He was presented with this award  from R Chidambaram, Principal Scientific Adviser to Govt. of India and A S Kiran Kumar, Chairman ISRO during the ASI-ISRO Awards function held at Space Applications Centre (SAC), Ahmedabad.

    Avinash Chander

    Avinash Chander is the key architect of India's long range missile program ranging from 300 km (A1) to the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile A5. His work on defence technologies & defence systems in general, and development of variety of missile capabilities in particular has made India self reliant in many vital areas of defence.

    Avinash Chander is an Electrical Engineering  graduate from Indian Institute of Technology Delhi and subsequently did his MS in Spatial Information Technology and Doctorate from Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad.

    He joined DRDO in 1972, immediately after passing out from IIT, Delhi and retired in 2015 after completion of 42 years of distinguished service. He had served as DG of DRDO from 2013 to 2015. He also had served as Scientific Adviser to the Union Defence Minister.

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  • Kerala declared as the first digital state of the country

     

    Kerala declared as the first digital state of the countryPresident Pranab Mukherjee hailed  the achievements of Kerala in e-governance and declared the state to be the first "digital state" of India. It was announced by President after launching a digital empowerment campaign of state at a function to be held in Kozhikkode.

    Digitalization in Kerala :

    There has been rapid digital strides in Kerala since past few years as:-

    (i) The state has achieved 100 percent mobile connectivity.

    (ii) 75 percent e-literacy. 

    (iii) Broadband connectivity in the Panchayat level. 

    (iv) Highest record of digital banking .

    (v) Bank accounts linked to Aadhar card and e-governance in all districts.

    Digitalization in Kerala is the result of combined efforts from government and various social organizations in the state. The state has successfully linked its villages with broadband connectivity under the National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN) programme.

    Apart from NOFN, the state government has launched  two digital projects Akshaya and IT@School  in 2002. Under these projects more than 2,500 Akshaya centres are functioning in rural and urban areas which have helped to generate awareness about e-governance and digital connectivity.

    Kerala has over 600 e-governance applications covering almost all departments of the state. It has a mobile reach of 95 percent and Internet access covering over 60 percent of its total population  - the highest among all the 29 states.

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  • BK Garudachar, India's Oldest Cricketer Passes Away

     

    BK Garudachar, India's Oldest Cricketer Passes AwayIndia’s oldest first class cricketer from the pre-independence era Bindiganavile Krishnaswamy Garudachar (99),  passed away in Bengaluru, Karnataka.

    He had represented Mysore, United province and Bombay first class cricket matches. He was a right-arm leg-spin bowler who played right-handed and played for several teams in Indian domestic cricket.

    About BK Garudachar

    He was born as Bindiganavile Krishnaswamy Iyengar Garudachar  in Chikmagalur district, Karnataka on January 13, 1917. He made his first-class debut in November 1935, playing for Mysore against Madras  in the 1935–36 edition of the Ranji Trophy.

    During his entire first-class cricket career spanning between 1935 and 1946, Garudachar made a tally of 1,126 runs with an average of 29.53 holding 1 century and seven fifties and as a bowler he took 100 wickets at 26.20 average.

    He had captained Mysore team in Ranji Trophy. His best figures were 11 wickets for 62 runs when  Mysore won their first Ranji Trophy match against Hyderabad during the 1941- 42 season.

    In the last match of his career he appeared for the Cricket Club of India against a touring Commonwealth XI in October 1950.  

    After retiring from playing, Garudachar remained involved with the Mysore State Cricket Association  (Now Karnataka State Cricket Association) in administrative roles.

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  • 28 February: National Science Day

     

    28 February: National Science DayNational Science Day is celebrated in India on 28 February every year. This day marks the epoch-making discovery of the Raman effect by Indian physicist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman on 28 February 1928. For this discovery, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.

    National science day is celebrated as one of the main science festivals in India  every year by organising science exhibitions, seminars, workshops, symposiums and many other activities.

    Significance of National Science Day : It is celebrated every year to widely spread a message about the significance of scientific applications in the daily life of the people and impart scientific temper in the minds of people of all age groups. 

    Theme for year 2016 : The theme of the year 2016 is on "Scientific Issues for Development of the Nation" that aims at raising public appreciation. 

    What is Raman effect ?

    Raman effect depicts the change in  the wavelength of light that occurs when a light beam is deflected by molecules.  When a beam of light traverses a dust-free, transparent sample of a chemical compound, a small fraction of the light emerges in directions other than that of the incident (incoming) beam. Most of this scattered light is of unchanged wavelength. 

    A small part, however, has wavelengths different from that of the incident light, this phenomenon of scattering of light is termed as Raman Scattering and the cause of scattering is called the Raman Effect.

    Background : In 1986, National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) proposed the Union Government to assign February 28 as the ‘National Science Day’ for India which got it's approval after 4 years and the first National Science Day was celebrated on February 28, 2000. 

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