Current Affairs, News & Facts of 21 Dec 2015

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  • Chennaiyin FC wins 2015 Indian Super League 

     

    Chennaiyin FC wins 2015 Indian Super League Football Champions

    Chennaiyin FC has won the second edition of Indian Super League (ISL) Football tournament. In the final played at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Goa, they defeated hosts Goa FC by 3-2 goals score.

    Till the 87th minute of final match Goa FC was leading by 2-1 goals but in the 90th minute the self goal from their keeper Laxmikant Kattimani and Colombian Stiven Mendoza’s strike seconds later helped Chennai win the title.

    Awards of 2015 Indian Super League :

    • Hero of the League award: John Stiven Mendoza Valencia (Chennaiyin FC).
    • Muthoot Group Fair Play Award: Mumbai FC.
    • Golden Glove Award: Apoula Edima Edel Bete (Chennaiyin FC).  
    • Golden boot Award: John Stiven Mendoza Valencia (Chennaiyin FC). He has scored tournament’s highest scorer of 13 goals. 

    About Chennaiyin FC

    Chennaiyin FC is an Indian Super League football franchise based in Chennai, Tamil Nadu . The franchise is owned by Indian cricketer Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Vita Dani and Bollywood actor Abhishek Bachchan.

    About Indian Super League (ISL)

    • The Indian Super League (Hero Indian Super League) is a professional football league in India launched in 2013 to promote football in India on the lines of Indian Premier League and Twenty20 formats of Cricket.  Atletico de Kolkata had won the inaugural ISL football tournament in 2014. The ISL runs from September to December.
    • The Indian Super League was founded in 2013 in an effort to make football a top sport in India and to make Indian football a major player worldwide.Unlike the majority of football leagues around the world, the ISL does not use the promotion and relegation system but instead a franchise system in which eight teams were created to participate in the league.
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  • Barcelona win record 3rd FIFA Club World Cup

     

    Barcelona win record 3rd FIFA Club World Cup

    FC Barcelona the professional football club, based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain has won the 2015 FIFA Club World Cup for a record third time. In the final match played at International Stadium Yokoham in Japan the winning team defeated River Plate FC by 3-0 goals.

    Three goals for Barcelona FC were scored by Lionel Messi (36 minute), Luis Suarez (49 minute) and Neymar (68 minute). Earlier Barcelona FC had won the FIFA Club World Cup in 2009 and 2011  and it is their fifth trophy of season 2015.

    As of 2015, the FIFA Club World Cup has been won by nine different clubs. Barcelona (Europe) is the most successful team, having won three titles. Corinthians (Brazil) won two titles.

    About FIFA Club World Cup :

    • The FIFA Club World Cup, also  known as the FIFA Club World Championship, is an international men's association football competition organised by the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. 
    • The competition was first contested as the 2000 FIFA Club World Championship. It was not held between 2001 and 2004 due to various reasons but since 2005, the competition has been held every year, hosted so far by Brazil, Japan, the United Arab Emirates and Morocco.
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  • United States lifts 40-year-old ban on oil export

     

    United States lifts 40-year-old ban on oil export

    United States (US) has lifted a 40 year ban on oil exports marking a historic shift for the booming US oil industry . The move is part of a USD 1.1 trillion  spending bill approved by the Senate on Friday that will fund the US government until 2016.

    US oil producers will now be able to sell crude to the already saturated international market. It will also help in economic growth and in turn create jobs along with new revenues, prosperity and enhanced energy security for other countries.This move will also pave the way for energy deficient countries like India to open up another frontier to import oil from a distant friendly nation. 

    Why US had banned crude oil export in 1975 ?

    • The ban was first imposed in 1975 as the United States was reeling from the 1973-1974 Arab oil embargo, which dealt a heavy shock to the US economy and sent global prices shooting up.
    • Arab members of the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries had banned oil exports to the United States in retaliation for Washington's support of Israel during the Arab-Israeli war.
    • Seeking greater energy independence, the United States created an emergency stockpile of crude oil, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, in 1975 and banned most crude oil exports.
    • The export ban had a few exceptions. Some 491 000 barrels per day of crude were allowed to be exported from Alaska and California to Canada for domestic use, and imported crude could be re-exported.
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  • 'Sainthood' to be conferred on Mother Teresa

     

    'Sainthood' to be conferred on Mother Teresa

    Mother Teresa, a Roman Catholic religious sister and missionary, will be given Sainthood i.e. will be made a saint of the Roman Catholic Church in September 2016.

    In this regrad Pope Francis has recognized a second miracle attributed to Mother Teresa, intercession with God. Earlier in 2003, Mother Teresa was beatified by then late John Paul. Beatification requires one miracle and is the last step before sainthood.

    Second miracle attributed to the intercession of Mother Teresa, which is required for canonisation, involved the inexplicable healing of a man, who was suffering from a deadly brain disease.Family members of the sufferer prayed to Mother Teresa and he recovered.

    Key facts about Mother Teresa :

    • Mother Teresa also known as Blessed Teresa of Calcutta, was born on 26 August 1910, in  Skopje (modern Republic of Macedonia), then part of the Kosovo Vilayet in the Ottoman Empire, into a Kosovar Albanian family. She died at the age of 87 in 1997 in Kolkata.
    • She was a Roman Catholic religious sister and missionary.  After having lived in Macedonia for some eighteen years, she moved to Ireland and then to India, where she lived for most of her life
    • Mother founded the Missionaries of Charity and spent 45-years serving the poor, sick, orphaned and dying on the streets of Kolkata. She won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979.

    Awards: Padma Shri (1962), Nobel Peace Prize (1979), Bharat Ratna (1980).

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  • 42 mega food parks worth Rs 2,000 crore to be set up in the country 

     

    42 mega food parks worth Rs 2,000 crore to be set up in the country

    Union Food Processing Minister Harsimrat Kaur Badal has announced that 42 mega food parks worth Rs 2,000 crore will be set in the entire country, out of which five have already been established. One of such food parks is at Fazilka in Punjab whereas 2 food parks at Ludhiana and kapurthala will be established with in next 2 years.

    The announcement was made by Harsimrat Kaur Badal during the inauguration ceremony of  the Centre for learning resources Development at L M Thapar School of Management Thapar University Campus Dera Bassi. 

    Key facts :

    • One Mega Food Park provides employment to 30 thousand persons directly and will provide benefit indirectly to more than 1 lakh persons. 
    • The aim of establishing food parks is to eliminate food wastage, and facilitate the farmers by providing value for their hard work.
    • These Food Parks will be having all facilities like Production, Processing Plant, Cold Store, Collection centre & Transports. 
    • Funding for the Food Park will be handled by NABARD, from which entrepreneurs willing to set up food processing units would get finance at rates much lower than those offered by banks.
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  • Noted theatre artiste Chatla Sriramulu passes away

     

     Noted theatre artiste Chatla Sriramulu passes away

    Noted writer and theatre artiste Chatla Sriramulu, (84) has passed away at Secunderabad Railway Hospital. He was instrumental in the establishment of popular literary and cultural organization Rasaranjani which is dedicated to the field of theatre arts.

    Key facts about Chatla Sriramulu :

    • Born in Vijayawada on December 5, 1931, he worked with the Railways in early days of his career. But his interest in acting drew him towards the theatre, where he grew as one of the well known personalities of his generation. 
    • He acted in and directed more than 100 plays and wrote several books on a wide range of subjects. He also acted in two Tollywood movies, ‘Swpana’ and Chiranjeevi’s ‘Nyayam Kavali’. He had trained popular Telugu actors Venkatesh and Nagarjuna in acting.

    Awards and Honours:

    • He was awarded as the Best Actor twice by Andhra Nataka Kala Parishad and was also a recipient of Union Government’s Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1982. 
    • He was the first artiste from Andhra Pradesh to receive Emeritus Fellowship from the Human Resources Department of Union Government.
    • He was awarded the certificate of Producer and Teacher by the British Drama League, London in 1970.
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  • Yan Dhanda becomes first player of Indian Heritage to sign with Liverpool

     

    Yan Dhanda becomes first player of Indian Heritage to sign with Liverpool

    Liverpool youngster Yan Dhanda has become the first player of Indian heritage to sign a professional contract with the Anfield club. The England youth international recently turned 17 and has entered into a two and a half-year contract with the Anfield club. He is the second British Asian with a professional deal in the top-flight, with Swansea's Neil Taylor the other.

    Dhanda was born in Birmingham. He joined Liverpool's academy in July 2013 from West Bromwich Albion club. He is a attacking midfielder has played for England at the Under-16 and Under-17 levels and won the up-and-coming player category at the Asian Football Awards in 2013

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  • Vijender Singh becomes first Indian to score Pro-Boxing hat-trick

     

    Vijender Singh becomes first Indian to score Pro-Boxing hat-trick

    • Indian boxer Vijender Singh  continued his dominant run in the professional circuit,  as now he managed three back-to-back knock-out wins since making his professional debut. Vijender scored a Technical Knockout over Bulgaria's Samet Hyuseinov last night for his third successive win in the pro circuit.
    • During the match in less than two rounds, Vijender cornered Hyuseinov with a flurry of combination punches to force the referee into stopping the bout and give the Indian a win via Technical Knockout.
    • Hyuseinov had promised to send Vijender back to India "beaten and broken" come tonight but the Indian boxer laughed of the threat, saying he would respond in kind inside the ring and he did that.
    • The former Olympic and World Championships bronze-medallist continues to remain unbeaten since making his debut in October. Vijender had beaten Sonny Whiting and Dean Gillen in his previous two bouts, both of which were to be four-round contests but lasted barely over two rounds.
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